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claims which Jesus made for Himself The following remarks on Panwere utterly incompatible with His theism are, to our mind, remarkable being only a man. I pointed this out

for accurate discrimination : to Unitarian friends—men of learning and intellect-thinking that perhaps

“In theory, Pantheism and Atheism they could clear away my difficulties; as wide asunder as the poles; but I became terribly startled at finding that, as a rule, they attached no

practically, they amount to very much

the same thing: for although the more importance to the writings of

Atheist sees God nowhere, and the the New Testament than I had done when I was a Secularist. If I quoted both ignore His personality, and,

Pantheist beholds Him everywhere, the words of my text of to-night, I therefore, His providence. Atheism was told that, in all probability,

Jesus discovers in matter the potency of never said anything of the kind. If I referred to the opening verses of

every form of life ; Pantheism holds

that matter itself is a mode of the one John's Gospel, and asked what was

great existence, which it designates meant : the Logos, who and what

God ; but whether you call the unino Logos, in what sense the

verse matter or spirit is of very little Nous was with God, and in what

moment, if, in either case, it is held sense it was God, I was referred to Plato, and from Plato to Philo, and

to be impersonal. Pantheism, like

Atheism, gets rid of creation, of prothus plunged back again into the

vidence, of prayer, of immortalitymystic rubbish from which I had

i.e., a distinct individual immortality escaped when I left behind me the

-of revelation, and, in truth, of fogs of Strauss and the inanities of

absolute moral distinctions between Paulus. 'Clearly,' said I, if the New Testament is worth anything at

right and wrong. It is utterly fal

lacious, and cannot for one moment all, it must not be thus treated.

stand the test of a rational exami. Either it is true or it is not; and,

nation; for, as I have before remarked, having already made up my mind intelligence is necessarily based upon that it is, I must be guided by it, and

consciousness, and consciousness must accept what it teaches.' I read, and

be identified with personality, If thought, and prayed, and at lust a

God, therefore, be impersonal, He is light, as though from heaven, burst

unconscious, consequently unintelinto my mind, and with the full character of Christ before my view,

ligent-ergo, non-existent. The logical

resting-place of Pantheism, therefore, I was able to say with Thomas, My is in Atheism." Lord and my God.'”

With equal force Dr. Sexton deals In the first of these two dis- with the dogmas of those whose courses, entitled “Without God in belief is in an · Unknowable God," the World,” Dr. Sexton gives a very with the deniers of Providence, and graphic description of those who so-called advocates of Natural Law; deny the existence of God altogether, but our intention is only so far to whom he designates Anti-Theists quote as shall ensure from all onr rather than Atheists. He tells us readers the purchase of this pamthat “these are not very uumerous, phlet, and we

sure that its because the most extreme sceptics acquirement will result in their case, generally content themselves with as it has done in our own, in an ostsaying that they see no evidence of repeated perusal and consequent the existence of God, or, at all events, feelings of devout thankfulness. The that the evidence that is forth- second portion of the first sermon, coming is insufficient to produce con- which represents the miserable conviction in their minds, but that they dition of the man without God, is a are by no means prepared to affirm most powerfuil delineation, drawn that a God does not exist."

from experience, of the utter deso

are

ren

lation, emptiness, and withering I want something more tangible.' doubt of the sceptic's inner life. Here it is then; listen to Christ's

words: "He that hath seen Me hath The second sermon is an able

seen the Father, for I am in the

Father and the Father in Me.' • Is defence of Christianity, exalting the perfection of the Saviour's character

man immortal?' the unbeliever asks

sneeringly, and the common people and work, and unfolding the essential

inquiringly, and the answer comes, element of rest on a personal Saviour I am the Resurrection and the Life.' as the pith and marrow of the Chris- In the vast turmoil of business, and tian system. We cannot refrain amongst the thousand cares and from reproducing the following

anxieties that press us down on every eloquent words :

hand, we feel the need of rest, rest of

mind. Jesus exclaims, Come unto "It is customary now-a-days to

Me all ye that labour, and are heavy ridicule what is called conversion as

laden, and I will give you rest. being solely imaginary; but, depend

Around us there is dense spiritual upon it, it is one of the most impor

darkness, shutting out the bright tant realities of life. By the opera

light of the sun, and obscuring our tion of the Spirit of God on the soul,

gaze on every hand. Here is the alone can sin be cured, and the man

emedy, 'I am the light of the world.' who feels himself a sinner will also

We feel ourselves alone when friends have

treacherous proved

and feel the importance of the words of the text, 'I am the way, the Truth, and companions false. Then comes in the the Life.'

glorious promise, 'Lo! I am with you

alway, even unto the end of the “In conclusion, I may remark that world. And when sin crushes us the application of Christianity to the down, and rises up in our midst like wants of the age is, in my conception, huge trees of the forest, seeming to most perfect. You cannot have a flourish and triumph, while virtue better illustration of the necessity of droops and holiness appears to hang this religion than is to be found in the its head, then comes the grand pro, fact that the men who reject it, and clamation made eighteen hundred profess to have outgrown it, have

years ago, and remaining as potent togone back again to the condition of day as when first uttered, Behold the their predecessors eighteen hundred Lamb of God, which taketh away

the years ago.

When Paul went to sins of the world."" Athens, he found the people worshiping the Unknown God,' and that is We have no personal knowledge exactly what scientific men are doing of Dr. Sexton, and have only lighted again to-day. The Tyndals and the Huxleys, et hoc genus omne, aro pro

on his sermons through the perusal of claiming to-day a God that is un

an advertisement. We feel that the knowable, and from their stand-point recovery of such a man from the they are right, for there is no real snare of the devil is an occasion for knowledge of God out of Christ. In

congratulation of no common kind. Him, too, may be found a solution of

As to these sermons, we hope they many of the problems which this age will be both read and circulated by presents. To-day the question is shouted by sages, and re-echoed by long be spared to exemplify his own SOME Facts OF RELIGION AND OF ledge. It also forcibly distinguishes

our readers; and may their author the mob, . What is Truth?'

Here is the answer, 'I am the Way, the

motto: Truth, and the Life.' What is God?' is a question that is being “ Against the darkness outer asked on every hand. The reply

God'e light His likeness takes, comes, 'God is a Spirit, and they that worship Him must worship Him in

And He from the mighty doubter Spirit and in Truth.' Spirit,' sneers

The great believer makes." the sceptic, 'I can't conceive of Spirit;

6

LIFE. Sermons Preached before Christianity from human conceptions Her Majesty the Queen in Scot- and interpretations of it, and leads us land, 1866-1876. By John Tul- away from authority and tradition loch, D.D. William Blackwood

into the presence of Christ Himself. and Sons, Edinburgh. 1877. For it is one marked characteristic A VOLUME of sermons preached

of Principal Tulloch's mind, that before Her Majesty the Queen, and

while he refuses to be bound by published with her approval, is sure

human creeds, and overlooks what to attract attention, but in addition

we should be glad to see acknowto this the intrinsic merits of the

ledged, he is profoundly reverent volume are so great that it needs

and loyal towards Christ, and brings only to be known to be appreciated. everything to the test of His will Dr. Tulloch is both an able theolo

and word. The sermons on “Religion gian, and an eloquent preacher. He

and Theology," “ Law and Life," is keenly alive to all the higher

“Religion, Culture, and Ritual,” are intellectual movements of our age,

exceedingly able, and afford an not less in the sphere of physical

admirable illustration of the main science than in that of Biblical

position of the volume as we have criticism. He unites the skill of the

already indicated it. Not less valutrained logician with the intuition

able are those on “The Peace of of the seer, and can without difficulty

Christ,” “The Mystery of Suffering," disentangle fact from theory. Every

" Grace and Freedom in Christ," shows how

and “ Christian Union.” page of his sermons

But the accurately he estimates

The spirit

wbole volume is one that will be of the age," and how clearly he

read and re-read by all who can understands its deepest needs.

He appreciate high thought, pure and is at the farthest remove from a blind

elevated sentiment, and chaste beauty conservative dogmatism; he welcomes

of expression. Principal Tulloch is light from whatever quarter it comes; not a mere rhetorician, nor does he he is eager to catch the first faint even "aim at effect,” but he has a notes of the voice of truth, but he strong masculine mind, a reverent does not therefore deem

it necessary

heart, a cultured imagination, and to abandon his faith in Christ. The

the power of expressing his meaning great verities of the Christian religion in the most concise and forcible are untouched by the advances of

terms. science and the (so-called) discoveries We should have been glad, if our of criticism. No progress on this space had permitted it, to have conlower plane can affect our standing firmed our estimate of these dison the higher. Religion is a distinct courses by a few extracts. We must, and independent power which, amid however, restrict ourselves to one, all our

intellectual commotions, from the sermon on “The Divine remains unmoved. The main value Goodness and the Mystery of Sufferof this volume lies in its power to ing.” It will give an accurate idea help those who have been perplexed of the author's attitude towards with doubt, who have felt themselves science in its relations to religion. unable to solve the intellectual problems forced on our attention by

We can never be too grateful for

the real results of science--for every"advanced thinkers." It gives a thing that expands our intelligence lucid exposition of the foundation

and at the same time sobers it; and "facts” of religion, and shows their that larger and truer philosophy, harmony with our highest know- which has planted the great cosmical

But it may

are

idea as almost a common-place in the alike in intellectual and spiritual modern mind, is to be accepted as a blessing.

grounds is to be deplored. Among It is impossible to exaggerate the good which has come

other feelings created in the mind to popular religion from the growth by a perusal of this volume is a of scientific thought and the expulsion feeling of shame that so valuable a of those spectres of arbitrary person.

field of study should have been ality which were wont to lurk in the neglected. We are thankful that obscurities of nature.

our friend Mr. Brock has called be doubted how far the Bible was

attention to it, and shown what ever responsible for such imaginations, precious fruits it will yield. The or whether even modern thought can conceive more grandly of the inscru

characters he portrays are drawn table power of which it speaks-which entirely from the companions and it everywhere recognisega

in the

friends of the Apostle Paul, so that psalmist or the divine dramatı. sbose a unity is given to the work, ard it language I have quoted. What also throws light upon some aspects march of cosmical force through of the Apostle's greatness. If these endless æons is more sublime than the

sketches have been delivered as rule of thought, alike in the courses of the stars, the waves of the sea, and

sermons, the congregation which the pulsations of the heart? And if enjoys such teaching is to be conthis conception is anthropomorpbic, gratulated.

gratulated. There is throughout a are not all our conceptions equally

broad mental grasp, a rare power of so? Man can only think at all after “ reading character," a skilful grouphis own likeness on any subject; and ing of facts, and a fine combination whether the conception of mere force, of scattered details which or of an intelligent will, bears least

generally allowed to lie in obecurity. the stamp of human weakness may be safely left to the rational judgment

To listen to sermons of this class of the future. It is the savage who,

must be a valuable training in the when he hears the thunder amongst

true method of "Searching the his woods, or looks upon the riot of Scriptures.” This is, we believe, nature in a storm, trembles before a Mr. Brock's first literary venture, mighty force which he fails to under. but we confidently anticipate that it stand. It is the Hebrew poet or will be followed by many others. Grecian sage in whose own mind has risen the dawn of creative thought, who clothes this mystery of power with intelligence and life.

The Book of Roth: A Popular

Exposition. By Samuel Cox.

London : Religious Tract Society. MINOR CHARACTERS OF THE NEW

This "popular exposition" is one of TESTAMENT. By William Brock,

the happiest of its author's efforts, Minister of Heath Street Chapel, and what higher praise can be given? Hampstead, London: Elliot Mr. Cox has a decided genius for work Stock, 62, Paternoster Row. 1877. of this order. He not only graphi

cally depicts the surroundings of the THESE short sketches are the fruit of writers of Scripture, but enters with much painstaking and intelligent appreciative sympathy into their study of the Scriptures. We are, thoughts and feelings. He presents perhaps, all of us apt to overlook the

their teachings in a thoroughly secondary characters of the Bible, and

modern setting, and invests the oldest to fix our attention somewhat exclu.

story with new charms. There is in

this small volume an idyllic grace sively on those who occupy the first

and beauty, and we are sure that rank. The loss we thereby suffer is nine out of every ten who read it will greater than we may imagine, and see in the Book of Ruth a richer aod Those who are especially gratified by has long since established its claims to a foremost place among our religious

fuller meaning than they have dis- than 144 pages of closely printed cerned before, and understand better matter, and it is published at two the rationale of its place in the sacred shillings. Mr. Dickinson is detercanon. The appendices on Christ as mined to bring within the reach of the Menuchah (rest) of the world and every minister and preacher in the on the Goel are exceeding valuable. land the results of the latest Biblical The former is a specimen of Mr. Cox's investigations, and the most vigorous wonderful ingenuity as an interpreter thought on Scripture themes. of Scripture

-an ingenuity which is occasionally somewhat overstrained.

THE EASTERN QUESTION ; Turkey, THE THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY.

its Mission and Doom. By the No. 9. January, 1877.

Author of “The Government of

the Kingdom of Christ.” LonTнE HOMILETICAL QUARTERLY. don : Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.

No. 1. January, 1877. London:
R. D. Dickinson, Farringdon

This is a study in Bible prophecy

applicable to the present times, and Street.

therefore unusually interesting. Dickinson's Theological Quarterly investigations of this nature will, of

course, read the work eagerly; but serials. It consists of the ablest

apart from such particular tendency articles on theological and philosophic

we recommend readers of the Bible questions by American and Continental

generally not to neglect trying to divines, and considering its high

understand the unfulfilled prophecies. excellence and its size, it is a marvel

Mr. Porteous's book, a very little book, of cheapness. In the present number

is worth reading, and we recommend there are no less than a dozen articles,

it to those who study prophetical in

terpretation. everyone of which is thoughtful, scholarly, and devout. mention especially “The Denial of the Supernatural,” by Professor Taylor HIDDEN LESSONS, from the Verbal Lewis; “The Eleusinian Mysteries,” Repetitions and Varieties of the by Professor Cooper; "Zwingli's New Testament. By Rev. J. F. Theology," by Dr. Schaff; and "The

B. Tinling,

B.A. London : Future of Catholic Nations," from the French of Emile de Lavelye. This

Samuel Bagster & Sons, Paternos

ter Row. last is especially seasonable, and ought to be read by all who are interested in This is an attempt to suggest new the great ecclesiastical controversy of ideas in the interpretation of the New our day. Mr. Gladstone has spoken Testament by translations of the of it in terms of warm praise.

original Greek in more literal English The Homiletic Quarterly is, as its than the authorised version employs. name proclaims, of a different class We are always ready to welcome, and from the Theological. We do not thatcordiallyany book which stimulates value it so highly, but in view of its to the microscopic study of the Word purpose it promises to be a complete of God. This collection of translations

There is an eloquent sermon is characterised by much accuracy, by Canon Liddon; a singularly and will be valuable to general thoughtful and suggestive exposition students. But for such study as this of Matt.

V. 1-16, by Professor work involves, the most likely readers Reynolds, of Cheshunt College ; a are ministers ignorant of Greek, and series of pithy paragraph-articles on we fear that such books tempt into “Bible Manners and Customs ; textual criticism those who are fitted "Homiletic Sketches” on several only for exposition of the subject books of Scripture, and many other matter. We often hear men whose features of interest. There are no le:s zoal and eloquence command respect

We may

success.

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