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the very time Captain Cavenagh was proved the salvation of a distinguished inditing his precious volume, Mr minister, we cannot for an instant Hodgson was within a few days' believe that the exertion would not post of him, at Darjeeling, in the have been promptly and willingly Himalayas. It would have been an made-not the less willingly, cer. easy matter for this dealer in random tainly, that, as we know, Mr Hodgson assertions to have addressed him, and was once the intimate friend of Bhem to have obtained from himself the Sen. The subject, however, scarcely satisfactory explanation which we are needs dwelling upon. No jury would convinced he would have given of his convict on such contemptible evidence conduct at the time of Bhem Sen as Captain Cavenagh's hearsay. Thappa's downfall. If "one word " Whilst upon the subject of rash from Mr Hodgson would have saved and unproved accusations, we are led the life of so eminent a person as to consider an affair which occupies a General Bhem Sen, it is evident that very prominent place in the narratives he was guilty of a grave dereliction of Messrs Cavenagh, Oliphant, and of duty in not speaking it. When Smith. We refer to the murder of imputing such neglect to a represen- Mahtabur Singh, uncle of Jung Bahatative of the British Government in door, to whom the crime has been any part of the world, Captain Cave. popularly imputed, but against whom nagh was bound to enter more into it has never been proved by satisfacdetail, and to state his grounds for tory evidence. Captain Cavenagh the accusation. We well know that tells the tale in his usual confident, offsince we first possessed India, non- hand manner, as though none must interference has ever been one of the dispute his verdict; Mr Oliphant cogreat principles acted upon by each incides with him in all the main successive Government; but in a case points; Captain Smith relates the where so trifling an exertion on the story with an important difference. part of a British resident would (ac. We give the corresponding extracts cording to Captain Cavenagh) have from the three books :

“On the night of the 17th “One night, about eleven “ The unfortunate MataMay 1845," says Captain o'clock,” (this is Mr Oli-bur," Captain Smith writes, Cavenagh, “ he (Mahtabur phant,) "à messenger came was aroused at eleven o'clock Singh) was summoned to the from the palace to inform at night, and a peremptory palace. The order was too Mahtabur Singh that his ser- order for his attendance coniperemptory to admit of his devices were required by their pelled him to appear at court. clining to attend. No sooner Majesties—for the Queen had | The Rajah grossly abused had he reached the apartment always kept up, a semblance him, in which he was ably in which the Rajah and Rani of friendship with him. With- aided by the heir - apparent, were sitting, and approached out the slightest suspicion, he telling him that he was a to pay his respects, than a repaired to the palace; but traitor, and that he had caused shot was fired by General scarcely had he ascended the him, by false representations, Jung Bahadoor, from behind great staircase, and was en- to destroy the late Pandee a screen at one end of the tering the room in which their ministers, who, he now found, room. The unfortunate Sir- Majesties were seated, when were innocent. dar rushed forward as if to the report of a pistol rang “A signal was then given, implore mercy ; but having through the room ; the fatal and twenty soldiers moved up received a mortal wound, only bullet pierced the heart of the with loaded muskets. The proceeded a few paces ere he gallant old man, who stag. Rajah ordered them to fire at fell, and was almost instan- gered forwards, and fell at the and destroy the traitor. The taneously despatched by re- feet of the wretched woman unfortunate Matabar fell, peated blows of the kukri, who had been the instigator frightfully wounded, and in (Nepaul knife,) inflicted by of the cruel murder. It is this state he implored mercy. persons in attendance on the difficult to say what were the But the Rajah ordered the monarch."-Rough Notes, p. motives that prompted Jung soldiers to reload and despatch • 229.

Bahadoor to the perpetration him. This murder occurred of this detestable act."- in the upper rooms of the Journey to Katmandu, p. 104. palace."-Five Years in Ne

paul, ii, 103. Now, there is not the slightest opinion, there is room for very condoubt that Mahtabur Singh was siderable doubt whether Jung Bahatreacherously murdered, at the insti- door's hands are stained with the gation of the Rani. But, in our blood of his father's brother-in-law

not his father's brother, as Mr Oli- specimen of Mr Oliphant's fine style, phant erroneously states.

We are

a style of which we strongly advise more disposed to credit the account him to get cured before again comof the affair given by Captain Smith, mitting himself to print. who, we conclude, from his title-page,

“At this moment Jung gave the signal was political assistant at Nepaul at

for the seizure of Futteh Jung. The atthe time it occurred, and in that

tempt was no sooner made than his son, capacity must have had the best Karak Bikram Sah, imagining that his opportunities of knowing the exact father's life was at stake, rushed forward details of so important an event in to save him, and, seizing a kukri, had the political annals of Khatmandu as already dealt Bum Bahadoor a severe the murder of a powerful minister. blow, when he was cut down by Dere If we do not greatly err, one of the Shum Shere Bahadoor, then a youth of chief duties of a political assistant in

sixteen or seventeen. Futteh Jung, vowIndia is that of keeping the diary of ing vengeance on the murderers of his the Residency to which he is at- son, sprang forward to avenge his death, tached ; and we cannot but suppose already seriously wounded, would have

and, in another moment, Bum Bahadoor, that Captain Smith has here repeated fallen at his feet, when the report of a that which, in all probability, he re

rifle rang through the hall, and the timely corded at the time in the usual rou

bullet, sped by the hand of Jung Bahatine of his duty. We do not think it door, laid the gallant father by the side is particularly graceful on the part of of the no less gallant son. There Messrs Cavenagh and Oliphant thus still confronted him (Jung) fourteen of to put forward and exaggerate the the nobles, whose leader had been slain least favourable view of the conduct before their eyes, and who thirsted for of a man to whom they are both vengeance ; but the appearance at his indebted—the former for good pay, fidelity the safety of the minister has

side of that faithful body-guard, on whose the latter for kindness and hearty hospitality-who is well known to

more than once depended, precluded them

from seizing the murderer of their chief. be warmly attached to his British

It was but too clear to these unhappy allies, extremely anxious for their

men what was to be the last act of this good opinion, and unable, owing to tragedy. Jung received the rifle from his ignorance of our language, to re- the hand of the man next him, and levelled ply to the accusations brought against it at the foremost of the little band. him, however unfounded and galling. Fourteen times did that fatal report riog Captain Cavenagh's longer connection through the hall, as one by one the rifles with Jung Babadoor renders him

were handed to him who could trust no more blameable than Mr Oliphant, eye but his own, and at each shot another for whom we must make some allow

noble lay stretched on the ground. Abiance on the ground of youthful heed

man Singh alone escaped the deadly aim ; lessness, and of his evident anxiety he was cut almost in two by the sword of

he managed to reach the door, but there to make a telling book. The young Krishn Bahadoor. proctor from Colombo is a great “ Thus, in a few moments, and by his lover of startling effects; and some own hand, had Jung rid himself of those of those he produces are quite worthy whom he most feared. In that one room of Astley's circus. His account of lay the corpses of the highest nobles of the events that ensued upon the the land, shrouded by the dense smoke assassination of Guggun Singh (Mah- still hanging in the confined atmosphere, tabur Singh's successor) would need

as if to hide the horrors of a tragedy that but a little expansion to form a most

would not bear the light of day.” imposing trans-pontine melodrama, Seduced by the odour of Surrey sawwhich, aided by live horses and blank dust that emanates from Mr Oliphant's cartridges, could not fail to attract flowery periods, we have been led into crowded audiences. Here he again a longer extract than the intrinsic heaps all manner of crimes at Jung value of the text warrants. It will Bahadoor's door, taking his cue, as be observed that all Mr 0.'s rifles usual, from Captain Cavenagh, who “ring through the hall," and we need gives the same story, but in less hardly direct attention to the fine elevated strain. It is an account of poetical figure of the corpses shrouded a Nepaulese coup d'état, and is a in smoke. We are rather struck by the improbability of fourteen Nepaul- I believe, but a man of authority in the ese nobles standing quietly to be shot army.) So the good lady settled to do down, one after another, instead of away with him too. She had long been pursuing the course which was to be the real ruler of the country, and had not expected from the brave and warlike been sparing of blood in enforcing her character of their nation, and rushing himself off to Patan, in a fright, soon after

authority, the maharajah having taken upon their enemies, to die desperately the massacre of the chiefs before menfighting. But the fact is, that we attach tioned. In fartherance of her plans, she extremely little credit to the whole got another friend of hers appointed story, which we suspect was palmed prime minister, with power to get rid of upon Captain Cavenagh by some mis- her enemies. Jung, however, got intimachievous Ghoorka, whom he indis- tion of this, and, summoning his friends, creetly pestered with silly questions. he started instantly for the Durbar, where We are confirmed in our mistrust by he found the maharajah and the heira reference to Captain Egerton, to apparent together. On his way he met whose journal we have as yet paid 'less the new soi-disant prime-minister, and attention than it really deserves. after a few civil remarks on that gentleAlthough this honourable author be

man’s conduct, he effectually stopped his

game, by making a sign to an attendant, now and then a little grand and Baba- who instantly killed him with a rifle-shot. doorish in his tone, we may at once That enemy removed, he had little diffipronounce the few chapters of his culty in getting rid of the remainder. The book which relate to Nepaul (with the maharanee and her sons were sent to portion relating to British India we Benares, whither the maharajah, after his have not at present to concern our- deposition, subsequently followed them, selves) to be in decidedly superior and Jung has ever since been in possestaste, and altogether a favourable sion of the supreme power.” contrast, to the works of Messrs Oli- It is evident that this sketch was phant and Cavenagh. There is no written with Mr Erskine, the political book-making or ambitious writing in agent, and the author's host, at his his pages; he has just logged down, in elbow, in the Residency ; doubtless as a plain manner, what he noticed on an agreeable enough manner of beguilthe road, without dragging in unau- ing the time until the cats and dogs" thenticated stories, or indulging in ceased to descend. Captain Egerton unhandsome attacks on a hospitable says not a word about the fourteen entertainer; and thus has he composed dead hits made by Jung Bahadoor, a light, but very readable and pleasant, although he carefully notes the shootwork. Here is a page of it, containing ing of the “soi-disant prime-minister." his account of Jung Bahadoor's rise: – This is a strong additional reason for

discrediting Messrs Cavenagh and “Saturday, Feb. 1.-Raining cats and Oliphant's version of the wholesale dogs. The Chundagiri Pass is said to be murders. Captain Egerton, it will so slippery that it is doubtful whether we

also be observed, says nothing of should get across it, and it would, at all Jung's having

killed his uncle. Surely, work for the Coolies, so we resolved to had the fact of his having done so ever stay till to-morrow. I heard to-day what been ascertained, or even had the cirI suppose is the true history of our friend cumstance been only strongly ruJung's accession to power. The first moured, or generally credited, some move was the assassination of a certain one of the inmates of the Residency general, Guggun Singh, a great friend and would have told the bloody tale to ally of the queen, or maharanee. In the Captain Egerton, and he would have confusion arising from that murder, three entered it in his journal, through which other chiefs were assassinated-by whom, we have searched in vain for any renobody seems to know; but probably ference to such an affair, and for the friend Jung was at the bottom of it. One expression of censure which would was also cut down by Budree Nur Sing. doubtless have accompanied it. InThe maharanee's object seems all along stead of this, we find that Captain to have been the placing her own son on the throne, which she could only contrive Egerton concludes his short narrative by removing the king's son (the present of the events in connection with Jung rajah.) This, Jung would not at all Bahadoor's rise with the following agree to (he was then not prime-minister, highly favourable remarks—remarks

[graphic]

which he assuredly wonld not have be exactly true, it would prove exmade had he believed his hero guilty actly nothing, except considerable inof the acts charged against him by discretion on Mr Oliphant's part in Captain Cavenaghand År Oliphant: thus publishing to all the world ad

" He (Jung) does not appear to have missions made in confidential intimade any sanguinary use of this power; macy. For the Ghoorka character on the contrary, he rather comes out of is so subtle and strange, and Ghoorka the affair with credit, when one considers motives of action are so deeply conhis education and the customs of the cealed and incomprehensible, that it country."

is impossible to say what peculiar The reader must observe that, mental ratiocination may have inwhilst Captain Egerton had excellent fluenced Jung Bahadoor to misstate opportunities, as an inmate of the facts or mystify his young English house of the Governor-general's agent friend. But the fact is, that we reject, at Khatmandu, of obtaining correctas untrustworthy, any information information concerning the recent which Mr Oliphant may profess to political changes and events in that have derived from the mouth of the country, his acquaintance with Jung Nepaulese minister, until he satisfies Bahadoor was so brief that it would us that he has at least a colloquial be absurd to suspect him of distortion knowledge of Hindustani. Jung Baof facts arising from personal partial- hadoor never knew fifty words of ity, even though the character of a English. We cannot say how many British naval officer did not suffi- words of Hindustani are at Mr Oliciently preclude the suspicion. On phant's command, but he himself the other hand, Captain Cavenagh, confesses his "limited knowledge" of long attached to the mission, and Mr that language; and certainly, his book Oliphant, whom the Nepaulese am- contains many indications that that bassador picked up at Colombo, took knowledge was indeed of a most with him to Khatmandu, treated and limited description. And when he was entertained with unbounded hospi- subsequently travelling in India with tality, have returned the minister's Lord Grosvenor, Mr Leveson Gower, friendship and confidence by circulat- and Captain Egerton, various pasing, as matter of history, tales much sages in the journal of the latter to his disadvantage, and which they gentleman show pretty plainly that would be greatly embarrassed to none of the party had more than a prove. Poor Jung Babadoor may smattering of the native tongue. well exclaim, "Save me from my Such are the slender attainments, friends!” Captain Cavenagh is to as a Hindustani linguist, of the genblame for such requital of kindness tleman who chronicles Jung Bahaand good companionship. We ac- door's history from his own lips. quit Mr Oliphant of malice prepense, It is unnecessary further to pursue although his book is, perhaps, the the investigation of Jung Bahadoor's more really mischievous of the two, conduct in the various critical situafor he intersperses his narratives of tions of his eventful career. Some of bloody murders with praises of Jung's our readers will, perhaps, think we " generous and noble qualities," and have already devoted to the matter "estimable traits," calculated to im- more of our space than its interest press his readers with the belief that warrants. We think differently. it is only by doing violence to his Jung Bahadoor is unquestionably a feelings, and by reason of his zeal for very distinguished and remarkable truth, that he prevails with himself man. He is the first Hindoo of high to display the dark pages in the his- caste and conspicuous rank-coming, tory of a man for whom he cherishes too, from the very hotbed of Hina warm and friendly regard. Another dooism, of which Pusputnath is the notable point in his narrative of these most sacred shrine-who has had matters is, that he professes to have courage and strength of mind to heard many of the particulars in the risk himself in Europe, braving unform of admissions from Jung Baha- known perils, the prejudices of his door's own lips (as at pages 112 and countrymen, and the maledictions * 143.) Now, if we admitted this to of the fanatical fakeers, who, when he

departed, stood upon the shore and nips ; and at the moment one catches a cursed him aloud. He is evidently glimpse of his head, the elephant is sure susceptible of the influences of civilisa- to be going down a steep place, or stoption, and quite able to profit by the ping, or going on suddenly, or trumpetexpression of public opinion in this

ing, or doing something which completely

balks a sportsman accustomed to be on his country. How sensitive he is to it was shown by his sparing the lives of direction but the right one.

own legs, and sends the ball flying in any

Our line of the conspirators who attempted his elephants consisted of upwards of one soon after his return to Nepaul. hundred, and they beat regularly and “What will they say in England ? " silently enough, except when the behawas his reply, when urged in the viour of one of them irritated some pasdurbar to send the discomfited plotters sionate mahout, who would vent his wrath to execution. To assail him with upon the head of the animal, by a blow exaggerated or unfounded charges is from a short iron rod, or would catch not the way to confirm the civilising him sharply under the ear with a huge deference which he entertains for the hook, which he dexterously applied to a verdict of the English nation. Nor

sore kept open for that purpose ; then a is it handsome treatment of a man

loud roar of pain would sound through who has given incontestable proof of disgust, as’it startled the deer we were

the jungle, for a moment, much to our his good-will towards this country. gradually and silently approaching. It may be new to many of our

“ The pig, which formed part of the readers, but it is not the less authen- gamebag of the afternoon, was, in the tic, that during the last Sikh war first instance, only severely wounded, and Jung Bahadoor wrote to Lord Dal- an elephant was commanded to finish the housie offering to march at the head poor brute, as he lay grimly surveying us, of a brigade of his gallant Ghoorkas his glistening tusks looking rather forto co-operate with our troops. To midable—so at least the elephant seemed appreciate this proposal, it must be to think, as for some time he strongly borne in mind that he was already objected to approach him. At last he commander-in-chief and prime-mini. went timidly, up, and gave the boar a ster, and that, by absenting bimself back quickly, with a significant grunt, from Nepaul, he would have mate, which plainly intimated his opinion that rially imperilled his interests and he had done as much as could reasonably high position. Lord Dalhousie re- be expected of him. His mahout, howplied in one of those judicious and ever, thought otherwise, and, by dint of admirable letters for which he is severe irritation on the sore behind his noted, cordially acknowledging the ear, seemed to drive him to desperation, noble and disinterested offer of the as the elephant suddenly backed upon Nepaulese general, but assuring him the pig, and, getting him between his that the Indian government was, and hind legs, ground him together, and abwould ever be, fully able, unassisted, solutely broke him up. After this, we to crush all opposition. The brief went crashing home, regardless of the correspondence was equally honour- the impending boughs were snapped, at

thick jungle through which we passed, as able to the brave volunteer and to

the word of the mahouts, by the obedient the distinguished statesman who so and sagacious animals we bestrode.” appropriately combined a grateful and conciliatory refusal with a well-timed This is all very good. After relatassertion of the irresistible power of ing his own hunting adventures, Mr our Anglo-Indian government. Oliphant, when giving particulars of

Having exhibited some of the faults Jung Bahadoor's career, and finding of Mr Oliphant's volume, we will himself, he says, in a story-telling ingly turn to its better qualities. mood, proceeds to narrate how the We have already referred to his minister once distinguished himself by excellent account of an elephant hunt. the capture of a musk elephant. Now, Here is an equally truthful and plea- in turning to page 130 of Kirkpatrick, sant sketch of a day's shooting :- we find an engraving and an interest

“ I found my first experience in shoot. ing account of the Kustoora, or musking from a howdah to be anything but deer :agreeable. The deer bounds through the “ A native of the Kuchêr, or Lower long grass as a rabbit would through tur- Tibet, but met more commonly in some

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