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convinced their authors, although and solid portions are due to prethey have themselves rarely remem- vious writers from whom he frebered to acknowledge their obliga- quently borrows — sometimes with tions, will feel grateful to us for tak- acknowledgment, often without-at ing the trouble to point them out. the same time that he coolly declares

Captain Cavenagh accompanied the in his preface that Nepaul was a Nepauł mission to England in the terra incognita until he unfolded its year 1850. His three months' abode secrets. The fact is, that he has in this country, in company with the taken up quite the wrong line. Had Nepaulese, does not, however, neces- he limited himself to an account sarily imply a residence in Nepaul of of the origin, progress, reception, sufficient length to enable him to give travels, and adventures of the Nepaul even the “rough ” account of its mission, he had abundant opportuni“state, government, army, and re- ties, and possibly sufficient talent, to sources," promised on his title-page. compose a very interesting volume, Allured by this promise, we hoped such as would have conferred upon and expected to find in his volume a his Hibernian patronymic a twelvebrief but satisfactory sketch of the month's immortality. Instead of present state of Nepaul, with perhaps that, he goes into various matters (what was much wanted) a concise upon which he is imperfectly inreview of its history and progress formed, pilfers Kirkpatrick, commits since the days of Kirkpatrick and blunders, and exposes himself. Hamilton. But we soon found, from But we almost lose sight of the his own admissions, that the time he delinquencies of Captain Orfeur had passed in the country was totally Cavenagh, when his book is placed inadequate for the necessary investi. in juxtaposition with the next in gations, and for the acquisition of any order of publication, the “ Narthing like an accurate knowledge of its rative" of Captain Thomas Smith. political condition or physical features. It is impossible not to be preIn short, however intelligent he may possessed in favour of two such be, a few days could not suffice to tidy volumes, bound in laurel green, acquire much information regarding (allusive, doubtless, to the Captain's Nepaul; and we are driven to the bays,) and bearing on the lid a stately conclusion, fully borne out by his own golden elephant, upon whose back sit preface, and by many passages of his the Captain and two companions, on book, that this is compounded of their way, we presume, to one of hasty surmises, ill-digested observa- those tremendous hunting parties in tions, and of such scraps of informa- which our author performed feats that tion as he collected in conversation would make Gordon Cumming or with the Nepaulese envoy and the Gerard the Lion-slayer tear their members of his suite. The value to hair for envy. Passing on to the be attached to this last ingredient of dedication, we are further induced to his pages strikes us as infinitesimally consider the book respectfully, by small, when we call to mind the wily finding it inscribed, “ by gracious percharacter of the Ghoorkas, their skill mission,” to Her Royal Highness the in dissimulation, and their fondness Duchess of Cambridge. We ourfor misleading those who plague them selves attach little importance to with questions. Such considerations dedications, which, whether to dear were too trivial to impede Captain friends or to exalted patrons, are apt to Cavenagh's progress. There seems border upon the fulsome or the fawnto have been vividly present to his ing. But there are writers who take a mind the necessity of giving to the different view of the subject, and who world a volume which, if it did no- are anxious, but often unable, to obthing else, should at least advertise all tain license to address their books men of the important fact of his hav- specially to some person notable for ing been lately in political charge of virtue, genius, or elevated rank. Such the mission from the court of Khat- license, it appears to us, should not mandu to that of St James's. This be conceded without a certainty that is the sole result likely to ensue from the book will at least do no discredit his publication, whose really valuable to the patronage.

“Other works,” artlessly remarks to and fro, wielding his scissors with Captain Smith in the final paragraph a tailorly dexterity, well calcuof his preface,“ have appeared with lated to elude detection. To justify reference to Nepaul ; but the author the unfavourable opinion we have of the present one confidently believes expressed of his work, we must here that no complete account of the king refer a little from it to Kirkpatrick. dom, and all that relates to it, has Smith, p. 56, will be found to be been published until now.”

identical with passages from Kirke In the exercise of our critical voca- patrick, p. 40 to 45. But at Smith, tion, we have occasionally met with p. 58, a leap is taken to p. 159 of astounding examples of impudence in Kirkpatrick, who, for once, and for a print, but anything more brazen than wonder, is referred to as an authority. this we do not remember to have Here we have inaccuracies by the encountered. “ Other works have bushel. Mr Smith writes thus :appeared with reference to Nepaul !" Certainly no one can know this bet

“ The name, says Colonel Kirkpatrick, ter than Mr Smith, seeing that, out by which the town (Khatmandu) is disof the two hundred and ninety-four tinguished in ancient books, is Gorgool

putten: the Newars call it Yindaisé ; pages composing his first volume, whilst, amongst the Parbuttias, or mounthe better part of a hundred have taineers, it is styled Kultipoor-an appelbeen taken verbatim et literatim from lation which seems to proceed from the Kirkpatrick! This without any ac- same source with Khatmandoo, and knowledgment. Kirkpatrick's work derived, it is believed, from its numerous being antiquated and cumbrous in wooden temples, which are amongst the form, and at present very scarce,

most striking objects in the city. Captain Smith apparently supposed The

houses are of brick and tile, with that he might cut slices from it by pitohed or painted roofs.” wholesale, fearless of detection. He Many of the names of places in will now perhaps sue for mercy, on this paragraph are mis-spelt. Kultithe ground that the only good parts poor, for instance, is a blunder. It of his book are those which he has should be Kathipore, signifying stolen. But he has not even the " town of wood." Captain Smith's merit of an accurate copyist. The

painted roofs"

are pent-roofs in ridiculous blunders he has committed Kirkpatrick, and so forth. Kirkin transcribing, stare one in the face patrick is copied pretty steadily up on every page. A clumsy appro- to p. 164, and then his plagiarist priator, he has defaced his booty. reverts to pages 91-4, and makes He begins his second chapter by the more mistakes, writing “habitable following lines, whose slip-slop style for" hereditary," and "unsupported" stamps them as his own :

for "unsupplied.” It would be both

wearisome and unprofitable to trace " It is manifestly the duty of every all Mr Smith's thefts and inaccurawriter to render his details clear to the cies. Many of these latter unluckily meanest perception ; and there is cer

alter the meaning, or destroy the tainly no better way of reaching completeness than by the assumption that

sense of the passages containing

them. every reader is totally ignorant of the

For instance, at page 67, matter treated, yet avid for information, where he borrows largely from and entirely dependent on the author's Kirkpatrick, p. 17, we were utterly accuracy and conscientiousness"!! puzzled by the following line :

“In a previous page mention has The italics are ours. Totally ig- been made of the enormous fruit-trees norant, Mr Smith evidently trusted which are to be found in the Terai." his readers would be, of Kirkpatrick's There being about as many fruit-trees account of Nepaul, which he proceeds in the forests of the Terai as there are systematically to plunder. Haunted, strawberry plants on the glaciers of we suppose, by a larking apprehen- Mont Blanc, we stood aghast at the sion, scarce acknowledged to himself, ridiculous assertion, until we dishe has conducted his purloinings upon covered that fruit should have been a sort of petty larceny plan, taking forest. Here is another specimen of a paragraph here and there, dodging correct transcription :

" Some of the woods - the Dub- “ At Jhurjhury we met with a tree dubea, fæ example-a sort of ash, called Dubdubea, the leaves of which abounding in the Terai which is a abound in galls, containing from one powerful astringent, and constitutes to six winged insects. Its wood was an artile of trade."--Smith, i. 67. somewhat of the ash kind, and the

gall powerfully astringent." - Kirk

patrick, p. 20. According to Mr Smith's version, identical remark, with the substitueither the ash or the Terai is a tion of " suffer” for “ differ,” which powerful astringent; and not a word former word certainly makes better is said of the galls. At p. 76 (Smith) sense and better English. Nepaul we are told that the Nepaulese cows cows discussed and dismissed, we “differ considerably in comparison pass on to dogs, and find (this is with our English cattle.” The mean- really too bad) the rival captains, ing not being very clear, we refer, as Cavenagh and Smith, both helping usual, for an explanation, to Kirk- themselves at the expense of defunct patrick, and there find, p. 180, the Kirkpatrick. Here is the passage:

The animal known in “ The dog, generally known “ This dog, which is known Bengal by the name of the as the Nepal dog, is also, in Bengal by the name of the Nepaul dog, is, properly speak- properly speaking, a native Nepaul dog, is, properly ing, a native of the upper and of "Thíbet. It is a fierce, speaking, a native of the lower Tibets, from whence surly creature, about the size Upper and Lower Thibets, they are brought to Nepaul. of an English bull-dog, and whence it is usually brought It is a fierce, surly creature, covered with thick long hair." to Nepaul. It is a fierce and about the size of an English - Cavenagh, p. 103-4. surly creature, about the size bull-dog, and covered with

of an English Newfoundland, thick long hair. ” Kirk

and covered with thick long patrick, p. 131-5.

hair."-Smith, i. f. 76-7. Here we find Smith coming out and outdoes all his predecessors in the victoriously with an original idea. jungle and the hunting field. The Having, we may suppose, during his first achievement he records is his five years' residence in Nepaul, had “terrific combat” with a monstrous frequent opportunities of contemplat- elephant, a perfect devil, according to ing the canine species in all the the Nepaulese Rajah's account, against various phases of their interesting which he (the Rajah) had sent, two existence, he ventures authoritatively years previously, a couple of sixto correct the portrait sketched by pounders. But the elephant had Kirkpatrick, and copied by Cavenagh. scattered the artillerymen, and upset The Nepaul'dog does bear greater re- the guns. How the latter were moved semblance to a badly-bred Newfound- through the forest-and such forests land, both in appearance and size, as those of the Terai—we are not inthan to a bull dog. So, for once, Smith formed. Nothing daunted, Smith set is not only original, but accurate. It out with his battery, consisting of “two is, doubtless, under the influence of double-barrelled rifles, one single the exhilaration occasioned by this rifle, carrying a three ounce ball, and proud consciousness of independence three first-rate double guns." In a and veracity, that he shelves Kirk. very short time, “many deer, eleven patrick for a while, after taking only tigers, and seven rhinoceroses,” (!) two chapters from him, and goes bit the dust before the unerring out a-hunting. We must beg those muzzles of this modern Nimrod. persons who may hereafter read the This, however, was the mere prelude Smithian Memorials of Nepaul, not to the play. The real tragedy was to to burthen the memory of Colonel come. But we must extract a small Kirkpatrick with the venatorial specimen of Captain Smith's own. extravaganzas they will find inincluded between pages 80 and

“ The morning dawned splendidly ; we 120 of volume one.

were all in excellent spirits, and the two

Aided, appa- chiefs, in appearance at least, were as rently, by a jumbled reminiscence brave as lions. While we were examinof Cornwallis, Harris, Gordon Cum- ing our guns, and carefully arranging our ming, and Baron Munchausen, Cap- ammunition, the savage Shikar Bassa eletain Smith improves upon his models, phant was marked down, having been discovered in his usual retreat. In order times, again felt over his bleeding if possible to render the deity'Goruck,' forehead, sucking out pints of blood more wrathful, he had only the day be- with his trunk, and bowering it fore destroyed a Brahmin for firing a over his head and body, which, orimatchlock ball into his elephant's side, ginally black, had now bees changed (whose elephant's side ?] The Brahmin having been provoked to do so by the

to a deep scarlet.As we are told elephant destroying and eating up two

that this elephant was no less than fields of rice for his own private amuse

eleven feet four inches in height, and, ment. I saw the poor priest's mangled of course, of proportionate buik, he remains close to his hut ; not a vestige must have employed a large quantity of humanity remained, (we are curious to of blood in colouring himself thus know what did remain,] so frightfully completely. Nevertheless he fought had the brute trampled on and kneaded on for a considerable time longer, and his body, that not a bone escaped un- fell only after a desperate conflict of crushed ; legs, arms, and carcass could two hours' duration. Desiring to only be compared to some disgusting, in- proceed to more important matters, describable mass, well pounded and furnished with a skin covering. This exhi- Smith's inconsistencies, which are

we shall not dwell upon Captain bition excited my anger, and I vowed the destruction of the destroyer."

endless, or upon his exaggeration and

rodomontade, which are simply ludiThat vow registered, need we say crous. This ferocious elephant, he that the elephant's doom was sealed! tells us in one place, had set two The Nepaulese chiefs who accom- generations of Nepaulese at defiance. panied the Captain were rather shy A few pages further on, we learn that of the enterprise ; but he encouraged he had been "for ten years the terror them, promising to go to their rescue of that part of the Nepaul forest." should they be attacked. After this, So that in Nepaul five years is a of course they could no longer generation. Then we are told of the hesitate. However, the elephant wild bull, called the Ghowrie Ghai, soon sent them to the right about. whose horns are "about eighteen Captain Smith alone stood fast, and inches in diameter at the roots." prepared to fight the brute on foot. This is a real staggerer, far surpassing We shall not inflict upon our readers anything within our experience. We the whole account of the action, but have searched in vain amongst horned we must extract one or two of the beasts, both living and dead, not for Captain's prime bits.

a parallel, but for an approximation

to this. The colossal fossil remains " The enemy soon showed symptoms of found by Dr Falconer and Major the humour he was in, by tearing down Cautley, in the Sewalik range, and all directions ; many of them were thicker some of which were sent from Sahathan my body."

runpore to the British Museum,

include some pretty big specimens; Now Captain Smith must surely but they are mere toothpicks combe aware that no elephant can quite pared to those of Captain Smith. accomplish this, although he can The Captain is of course acquainted push down a tree with his head. It with the Indian mode of calculating is the old story over again. The an elephant's height, by multiplying supposing his readers to be und the circumference of its foot-print; dependent on the not

perhaps he will inform us how many and conscientior

1 times round the horn gives the altiPresently

will tude of a Ghowrie Ghai. Eighteen or in the

med twenty hands at the shoulder, he tells und, us, is the common measurement of

ng it this fierce and formidable animal. If peared any of our readers, when passing tonish- down Regent Street, will step in and having see Sampson, the Brobdignag horse,

le over which Jung Babadoor vaulted, honl as they will get some idea of what

four twenty hands are—that being, if we

[graphic]

rightly remember, somewhere about this. Meanwhile, we gladly observe Sampson's height at the shoulder, that, in one instance at least, he has and they will be able to decide for shown discretion in his borrowings, themselves how far they may believe and has abstained from endorsing a Captain Smith's wonderful tales, very rash, and, as we cannot doubt, which we confess that we receive a totally unfounded charge brought with extreme mistrust. Having told by Captain Cavenagh against an offas how he knocked over one of these cial of high character and distingigantic bulls, and after a flourish guished accomplishments. This ocabout his “keepers," (good, this, in curs when he relates the death of Indian jungles,) he lays down his Bhem Sen Thappa, Mahtabur Singh's pen, resumes paste and scissors, and uncle, and predecessor in the office of recommences despoiling and mutilat- prime-minister of Nepaul. We must ing the unfortunate Kirkpatrick. make a brief extract from Mr Oli

Far superior indeed to Captain phant. Smith's elephantine romance is the account of an elephant hunt, to be

“ For an unusual number of years did found at p. 53 to 59 of the “ Journey this able minister (Bhem Sen) retain the to Katmandu." Those six pages are

management of affairs. He was ultithe best and most truthful bit of Mr mately placed in confinement, on the Oliphant's little book, which it is now

charge of being accessory to the murder time to examine. Mr Oliphant has enemies resorted to an ingenious, though

of the Rajah's children by poison. His adopted a great deal of his mat- cruel device, to rid themselves altogether ter from Captain Cavenagh. In of so dreaded a rival. Knowing his high other places he has drawn upon spirit and keen sense of honour, they Kirkpatrick, either at the fountain- spread the report that the sanctity of bis head, or filtered through Cavenagh's zenana (harem) had been violated by the pages. In justice, however, we soldiery, which so exasperated him that must mention that Mr Oliphant he committed suicide, and was found in hints, in his preface, that only a

bis cell with his throat cut from ear to portion of his book has the merit

This occurred in the year 1839." of novelty; and really, when we get

(P. 97.) a volume of two hundred pages, well This passage is taken, almost word printed on good paper, and bound for word, from Cavenagh, who adds in brick-dust, for half-a-crown, it is the following, which Mr Oliphant has cruel to be captious on the score of wisely omitted :originality. Mr Oliphant, we have Do doubt, has taken a great deal of “I have often heard it asserted, that pains with his book. From Captain one word from the British representative Egerton's work, and from other would have averted this catastrophe ; sources, we find that he travelled in but, unfortunately, when an attempt was company with Captain Cavenagh, of made by some members of the court to whose Rough Notes ” he has only ascertain his sentiments, he declined extoo freely availed himself, since he has pressing any opinion, and from that mo

ment the degraded minister was doomed.” thereby been led to father statements whose accuracy, to say the least, is The British resident here referred very doubtful. When writing of to is Mr Brian H. Hodgson, well things he himself did and saw, there known as an able official, a distinis freshness and merit in his descrip- guished scholar, a first-rate naturalist, tions, but these are apt to disappear and member of most of the learned when he gets to second-hand work, societies of Europe. We feel ourand he falls alternately into flippancy selves called upon to enter an indigand inflation of style. When helping nant protest against the unjustifiable himself from Cavenagh's pages, he manner in which, upon no better enriches his extracts with epithets authority than mere hearsay, and apand magniloquent adjectives; thus parently without an effort to investiseasoning his plagiarisms, and giv- gate the facts of the case, Captain ing a dramatic colouring, to his Cavenagh brings this serious charge. friend's more homely narrative. We He has heard it asserted,” indeed! shall presently come to examples of Now we happen to be aware that, at

ear.

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