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III.

CHAP. thousand seven hundred and thirty-five a

bill for this purpose was rejected in the lords 1640.

upon the representation of Dean Swift, whose arguments (if it may be allowed to think differently from such a genius) were rather the produce of ingenuity than of judgment.

The want of churches and of glebes, and parfonage houses, is another circumstance which renders the payment of tithes very irksome, and apparently unreasonable. It is true, the heirs of any clergyman who builds a house are, by several acts of parliament *, to be amply indemnified by the successor to the benefice.

But some farther provision for this purpose seems wanting ; and the scheme of se

• Vide the 10th of William III. chap. 6. amended by the 12 Geo. I. c. 10. i Geo. II. c. 15. 9 Geo. II. c. 13. 15 Geo. II. c. 5. 17 Geo. II. c. 8. Under these laws it is said that the heirs of a bishop, or any clergyman who builds a mansion-house, receives the whole of the sum expended, provided it does not exceed two years income of the benefice ; afterwards the expenditure is thirded, like college rooms, by the subsequent succeflors.

quefter

III.

questering of a church benefice upon the CHAP.
death of an incumbent till a church is built,
and a glebe and house are provided, and de-

1640.
laying the presentation till that is done by
the bishop, or other proper commissioners,
seems to be most desirable. Soon after the
revolution a bill to this effect was pre-
sented to the house of lords by doctor
Vesey, archbishop of Tuam.

Amongst all the propofitions of this kind, amongst all the pamphlets which have been published, I do not recollect

any

which alludes to the Scotch fyftem : but the bounds of this work will not allow me to expatiate upon this subject. That I may not, however, employ myself or my readers with mere speculations, I shall recommend to my country, and to their attentive consideration, that wise, judicious, practicable, and satisfactory system, which was adopted, particularly in one of their last acts relative to appointing the court of sessions commissioners of teinds, as they are called, or tithes, of the parliament of Scotland,

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С НАР.

III.

SECTION IV.

1640.

The parliament was prorogued from the 17th of June to the 1st of October one thousand six hundred and forty, when they met and adjourned to the 2d, and afterwards the 3d of October; when this 'order was made, by which particular motions for that purpose seem to have been superseded, that “when a member should die, the speaker 6 fhould iffue his warrant to the clerk of the “ Hanaper for a new election;" and it was ordered, that a new writ should issue in the room of Mr. Peppard, fór Drogheda : a letter was then ordered to be written to the chancellor, touching his lordship’s having made no return to the writs which were presented to him for five elections.

Upon the 12th of October, it being alleged that Hugh Montgomery esq. a member, was sick, and that a new writ should issue for an election in his room for Newtown, it was referred to the committee of

privileges

10

III.

privileges whether a new writ should issue; CHAP. but nothing was done till next feffion, when a writ was issued the 4th of February cne

1640. thousand six hundred and forty, in consequence of his own petition, ftating his difability from a long-continued indisposition.

On the 24th of October an act of naturalization was read for naturalizing three fons of fir Francis Willoughby, and for Mr. Garnier.

On the 7th of November a long remonftrance was presented to the lord deputy against arbitrary rates upon trade ; against decisions upon paper petitions to the council board ; the denial of the limitation act of the twenty-first of James the first, which remains a grievance to this day; extrajudicial judgments against patents of estates in the council; the monopoly of tobacco, and other monopolies; the ill usage of the commissioners for the plantation at Londonderry; high commission courts and clerical exactions; informations in the Ex

chequer

D4

CHAP. chequer against antient boroughs, and their w right to send members to parliament, &c. 1640. &c.; and on the ith this remonstrance

was ordered to be presented by the parliamentary commissioners to the king, who were soon after nominated ; and on the 12th it was agreed that they should go at the expence of the kingdom ; but the parliament was prorogued on that day, to prevent any farther proceedings, till the 26th of January following:

1

On the 19th of November, in the recess, the following very extraordinary entry appears in the Journals : “ Memorandum, “ By virtue of his majesty's letters, we the “ lord deputy have, at the council board, « had two orders of the house of com

mons, in presence of divers of the late “ members, torn out of the journals: these “ orders related to presenting ways and

rates to be observed in taxing the grow“ ing subsidies ;" and this memorandum is signed Christopher Wandesford, who was lord deputy,

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