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On the 30th of March the allowance for

wages was confirmed as in former parlia1640. ments, thirteen shillings and four pence

for knights, ten shillings for citizens, and fix and eight pence for burgesses, ten days before and ten days after parliament. · In England it appears from Prynne's treatise de expensis militum, that members' wages lafted in proportion to the time necessary for travelling from the district they represented to the place where parliament was assembled. This payment of wages was constantly varying in England, because in early time parliament feldom met twice in the fame place. Thus the members of Cornish boroughs had a week's extra wages when parliament assembled at Westminster, and a fortnight's when they were convened at York,


very extraordinary affair occupied the attention of the house this day : A complaint against fir Henry Wallop, the ancestor of the present earl of Portsmouth, who had exacted a custom of the thirteenth part of



all the timber passing from Ennisurthy to CHAP. Wexford. This estate, I believe, remains in the earl's family to this day. The exac

1640, tion had been censured in the last feflion the 4th of March one thousand fix hundred and thirty-four, and he was now ordered to attend. A representation of this grieva ance was made to lord Strafford to inflict a proper legal punishment; and the exaction must have been very considerable in those days; for, according to an excellent treatife written by Andrew Yarrandon at the time of the revolution, entitled“ Eng“ land's Improvement by Sea and Land," one of his projects is to make the river Slaney navigable, to afford an easy transport of the timber, from the oak forests with which the counties of Wexford and Wicklow at that time abcunded, for the use of the navy of England.

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The declaration to the act for four subfidies was this day agreed to, and announces their unanimous and cheerful consent to this grant for the reduction of the Scotch cove

nanters :


CHAP. nanters: they desired it to be represented to

the king, and published in print as a testi1640.

mony to the whole world, that as they had the happiness to be governed by the best of kings, so they are desirous to give his majesty just cause to account of his people among the best of his subjects.

A writ was issued this day by consent of Henry Dillon efq. for electing a member in his room for the county of Roscommon, which makes the twelfth precedent of this fort on the journals,

On the ist of April one thoufand fix hundred and forty the celebrated historian and antiquarian, fir James Ware, member for the university of Dublin, who appears to have been an active and useful member in all the parliaments since one thousand fix hundred and thirteen, was ordered to collect ten shillings from every knight, and five shillings from every burgess; two thirds for the clerk and his assistants, and a third for the ferjeant at arms and doorkeeper : this


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and similar contributions mark how very ill CHAP. paid the servants were in ancient time, and the small produce of fees upon private 1640.' bills.


The house then adjourned to the ift of June, and on the 5th of June a very important bill was under consideration for the remedy of defective titles to estates.

On the rith of June a new writ under the great feal was ordered for the returning of two members for Atherdee, in the county of Louth, and the sheriff was punished for a former omission.

On the 15th of June the house was occupied by the declaration, and in proposing arrangements with the lords about levying the subsidies; from a farther declaration it appears, that the act of subsidy and the preamble and declaration were supposed by some to be a mere act of lord Strafford's, as it afterwards turned out to be; and he seemed so vain of this declaration, that it

CHAP. was ordered to be enrolled in the auditora III.

general's office, in the records of the Chan1640. cery, and of the privy council.

On this day a petition was presented to lord Strafford for the house to fit some days longer, that they might hear and consider of certain grievances.

This seems not to have been relished by lord Strafford, who sent the very same day a message by the usher of the black rod for the house to attend him immediately, when parliament was prorogued, but not before the two following measures took place.

The first was, a letter from the speaker to the high commission court, to absolve William Stout and Richard Fountain, who had been excommunicated in a cause promoted against them by one Holt, a priest, who had presented a petition to the house; and fecondly, an unanimous remonftrance to the lord lieutenant against certain exactions of


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