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dred and eighty, appears to be,) was a small manufacture, which was established under the care of Mr. Lawrence, for fine ratteens in the village of Carrick, upon the duke of Ormond's own estate: these ratteens are made altogether of Spanish wool; they were always esteemed for their fineness, and have been in request even for gale dresses at the fêtes at the castle of Dublin. The introduction and culture of manufactures is laborious, often tedious and difficult; but when once they are rooted in the habits and industry of any people, subsequent discouragement will not always effect their annihilation; of which remark this manufacture, established in Carrick by the duke of Ormond, is a strong proof and a clear illustration.
This account of the proceedings of the council of trade is the more valuable, as perhaps Mr. Lawrence has preserved a record which is not now to be traced in any history or journal : this appears to have been an extract from the books of the privy council; but unfortunately all the records of that board, antecedent to the Hanover succession, were destroyed by a great fire, which burned the council office and other parts of the castle of Dublin at that period. A greater loss to the archives of Ireland could have scarcely happened ; the council being not only an efficienc Q4
part of the executive power, but also a part of the legislature in former times, under Poynings' law.
The intelligent reader will perceive that the enquiries and propositions in the council of trade would apply with equal force to the improvement of Ireland, at the present period.
The progress of manufactures is tardy, and the establishment of any branch of trade in a country requires the period of a generation; because those who are employed must have been trained from their early years, and educated for that particular branch of trade from their infancy.
The most effectual method of promoting trade and manufactures in Ireland would be by the erection of one or more houses of industry in each county, whereby idleness might be punished, the real pauper relieved, children early trained to habits of industry, and enabled to acquire, in their tender years, that knowledge which might qualify them to gain a livelihood in some useful branch of trade,
When I mentioned these establishments elsewhere *, that part of this work was printed, and I See above, p. 118.
was not then apprized that such a system had been in the contemplation of the Irish and of the English government soon after the Revolution.
For this curious fact, I am indebted to the liberal communication of a very eminent political and commercial writer, through whose friendship I was favoured with an inspection of the records of the board of trade; in which I found, that on the 22d of April 1697, a proposal to this effect had been made by Mr. Collis and some others, to the lords justices and council of Ireland, requesting a recommendation for a royal charter for this falutary purpose ; a proposition which was accordingly recommended to the English privy council, and referred by them to the consideration of the board of trade.
A STATE of the PARLIAMENT at WEST
MINSTER, Anno 1654.
[Referred to vol. i. p. 364. vol. ii. p. 89.) THIS parliament, consisting of the knights of the
counties, citizens of the cities, and burgesses of the boroughs and towns, and barons of the cinque ports of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, began at Westminster September 3, one thousand six hundred and fifty-four, and held to January 22 following.
BEDFORD, Sir Will. Boteler kt. John Harvey esq. Edm,
Wingate esq. John Neal esq. Samuel Beda
ford esq. Bedford, Bulstrode Whitlock, one of the lords commif
fioners of the great seal. BERKS.
Geo. Purefoy esq. Edm. Dunch esq. fir Rob.
Pye kt. John Dunch esq. John Southby esq. Abingdon, Thomas Holt esq.
Reading, Robert Hammond of Reading esq. BUCKINGHAM.
Bulstrode Whitlock, one of the lords commif
sioners of the great seal, fir Rich. Pigot kt. Rich. Ingoldsby esq. Rich. Greenvill esq.
Geo. Fleetwood esq. Buckingham, Francis Ingoldsby esq. Aylesbury, Henry Phillips esq.
Thomas Scot of Lambeth. CAMBRIDGE.
John Desbrow esq. Francis Russel esq. Hen.
Pickering esq. Rob. Castel esq. Cambr. town, Rich. Timbs, alderman of Cambridge. Cambr. univ. Lord Henry Cromwell.
Launcefton, Robert Bennet efq.
ise of Ely. John Thurloe esq. fecretary of state. Geo,
Glapthorn efq. CHESTER, John Bradshaw, serjeant at law, chief justice of
Chester, sir Geo. Booth bart. Henry Brook
of Norton efq. John Crew of Ukinton Chester, Charles Walley esq. CORNWALL, Tho. Gewen of Bradridge esq. Anth. Nichol of
Penrose esq. Tho. Ceely of Trevilham esq.
Boscawen of Tregothan esq.
Robert Bennet esq.
Francis Rous esq.
Carlisle, Col. Thomas Fitch,
Nath. Burton esq. Tho. Sanders esq. Edw. Gill
esq. John Gell esq. Derby, Gervase Bennet esq. DEVON. Rob, Roll esq. Arth. Upton esq. Tho. Reynell
esq. Will. Morris esq: John Hale esq. Wil-
Hatfel esq. John Quick esq.
Tho. Boon of Tonstall esq.
Honiton, Sir John Young kt. DORSET. Will. Sydenham esq. John Bingham esq. fir
Walt. Earl kt. John Fitzjames esq. John
Trenchard esg. Hen. Henley esq. Dorchester, John Whiteway esq.