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The entry in the journals upon this CHAP. grant, the 27th of June one thousand fix hundred and fixty-two, paints, in the most 1662. eloquent and lively manner, their feelings upon this occasion; his distressed and forlorn condition during the rebellion; his loyalty and his sufferings; his poverty and personal vants; the invitations he received from neighbouring princes to take refuge among them, which he had declined from a zeal for religion, and an attachment to his country*

The name of Usher will ever live in the records of Fame and the annals of Literature; nor was there ever a donation more merited: to him and to his uncle Ireland owes the ori. ginal establishment of the university t; and hence alone he must be considered as an

* After the primate had been deprived of his rents, and reduced to the greatest distress by the rebellion, the university of Leyden offered him the place of professor of divinity, and cardinal Richelieu a large pension, and an asylum in France. PARR's Life of Primate USHER, p. 47• + See above, p. 52. and p. 59,


CHAP. eternal benefactor. Such was the conduct

w of the Athenian people to the daughters of

Aristides, who were provided for at the
public expence ;

of whom the Grecian
orator has related, that their father be-
queathed them no other portions than the
grateful recollection of his virtues.

On the 4th of July, in an afternoon fitting, an account was given of twenty thousand pounds, and its distribution among the commissioners; and on the 8th fir John Ponsonby, member for the county of Kilkenny, reported the precedents of wages for members since one thousand six hundred and thirty-four; by which it appeared that there was a considerable abatement in the rate of those allowances. This was the last Irish parliament in which wages were allowed; for in the next session, the 12th of March one thousand six hundred and sixty-five, I find an order, that many inconveniencies arose from their collection; that no warrants should issue for any due since the 27th of September one thousand


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fix hundred and sixty-two, or that shall be CHAP. due hereafter during this session of parliament. This was therefore the last time that 1662. they were allowed in Ireland; what time they terminated in England is uncertain; but it is said, that the celebrated Andrew Marvell, member at this period for Hull, was the last member who received wages from his constituents.

On the oth of July a very extraordinary question arose about preventing the publication of their debates in an English newspaper, called the Intelligencer; and a letter was written from the speaker to sir Edward Nicholas, the English secretary of state, to prevent these publications, and, as they term them, misrepresentations. These publications in those diurnals (as they call them) fhew how much the attention of the public was engaged in the proceedings of the Irish parliament about the act of settlement.

The London Gazette commenced the 7th of November one thousand six hundred and


CHA P. fixty-five; it was called first the Oxford Ga

zette, from its being printed there, during 1662. the feffion of parliament in the time of the

last plague in London *. Antecedent to this period fir Roger l'Estrange published the first daily newspaper in England, called the Intelligencer; in which it appears from hence that the Irish debates were inserted. The English parliament always punished publications of this sort in former times; in the Post Boy, and even in Boyer's Political State, &c.; but upon an attempt to revive those restrictions in one thousand feven hundred and seventy-three, the printers gained a complete victory over administration in both kingdoms. The transaction was rendered more remarkable by a political event. A popular orator, it is said, opposed admi

* A collection of the Gazettes, from the first number of November the 7th, 1655, which I have seen, was bought by the earl of Belborough at lord Oxford's fale. This paper was always published by authority ; but common articles of intelligence are more abundant in the early numbers than at present, and it had originally more the appearance of an ordinary newspaper.




nistration for the first time on this occafion; CHAP. and though he had been a warm friend to

1662. the ministry till that period in all the unpopular measures of the Middlesex election, &c. &c., he now appeared in the opposition, and remained a violent adversary to lord North till the famous coalition in one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three.

On the 19th of July fir Paul Davies reported an answer from the lords justices to a remonstrance about soldiers levying quit rents and other taxes; and that they had issued a proclamation to put a stop to this practice. At the close of this answer they allege the smallness of the king's revenue, the obstruction of members pleading privilege, and granting protections against the collection of the taxes.

This seems to have given much offence. The secretary was desired to request of them to specify the instances of such irregularities; and the debate upon these queso tions was adjourned till Monday. It does not seem to have been a rule then, as it was


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