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CH A P. III. of the Proceedings of the Commons of Ireland

from 1634 to 1666.

SECTION 1. THE first seffion, which was held by CHAP.

1 lord Strafford, began on the 14th of July, one thousand six hundred and thirty- 1634. four. When the lords and commons had proceeded to Saint Patrick's church, in a very pompous procession, with the lord deVol. II. B


CHAP: puty, the judges, and a large military escort*,

III. w they returned to their respective rooms in 1634. the Castle ; and on the next day, after the

lord deputy had made a speech, which is not entered in the journals, they made choice of Mr. Catelyne, the recorder of Dublin, for their speaker ; who was presented, and approved, on the following day, by the lord deputy.

On the 17th, committees for privileges were appointed to meet on Fridays in the Court of Chancery at two o'clock; and after a debate whether they should first decide upon the legality of elections, or proceed to read bills, it was decided for the latter proposition by one hundred and twentynine to one hundred and feven voices.

1:11. "On the 19th, Sir Thomas Bramston was comme ordered upon a question to be expelled, as

he was sovereign of Belfast, for which place he had been returned ; and he was required to make restitution of fixteen * * Commons Journals, vol. i. p. 102.


III. ..

pounds to the inhabitants, which he had CHAP. probably received for wages *.

i 1634• On the 23d of July, a bill that this parliament should not terminate by the royal afsent received a first reading. :.

This measure has been explained in the account of the lords' proceedings t, and originated from a change in the old method of passing laws in both kingdoms; but at what precise period this change was made in legislation in either kingdom, I have not yet been able to discover. "

On the 29th, the lords proposed a conference for appointing the time of the meeting of the next parliament, and for an humble recommendation to the lord deputy for that purpose.

,* As sovereign of this corporation, Sir Thomas Bramston could not return himself; but in early periods this rule, perhaps, was not so clearly laid down, and generally admitted, as it is at present. · + See vol. ji p. 319. B 2.


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CHAP, On the 31st, fir William Reeyes, attore

ney-general, desired admittance; and ac, 1634. quainted the house, that the towns of Fower,

Clonmynes, Taghmon, and Bannow, had
fent members, though there were no char.
ters on record whereby they were so privi-
leged ; and these burgesses were ordered to
attend in the Exchequer chamber, and to
Thew by what right they were returned to
ferve in parliament.

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During the Thore time that the Chief Baron Gilbert presided in the Exchequer in Ireland, before he was removed to a similar situation in England, he seems to have made very accurate inquiries into the early state of the Irish representation : but though his works were published after his death, and feem to want the finishing hand of the author, yet the following account throws great light upon the fubject.

“ In Ireland, the pale * depending on the ķing, the clergy seemed to have complied

with * Till the 13th year of Henry VIII, the English goe rernment extended only to five fires; which district


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with the model of Edward I. in sending CHAP, proctors to parliament; and the archbishops and bishops, and mitred abbots, fat 1634. in the upper house, and the proctors in the lower house. Hence by the 36th of Henry VI. c. 1. it appears that they made a law, that beneficed parsons should forfeit their benefices if they were absent without leave; which sort of regulation was made in England by ecclesiastical authority before the fubmifsion of the clergy in the 25th year of Henry VIII. So that the parliamentary establishment in Ireland in relation to the clergy, differed from that of England, for this reason; that Edward the first projected the representatives of the clergy in proportion to the number of the temporal body, and because there were many corporations that held on burgage tenure in England, therefore the deans, archbishops, and proctors of chapters, were let in, to make an equivalent

was called the pale. The five counties were, Dublin, Kildare, Lowth, and Meath; afterwards divided into East and West Meath in one thousand five hundred and forty-three, by an act of the 34th year of that king.

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