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Lord Bishop of Cloyne for endeavouring to procure them the confidence of their rulers. And the Dissenters and Ci tholics of Ireland are no less thankful to you, Counsellor Trant, for your kind assistance in becoming his auxiliary, and painting both as internal confederated enemies against the constitution. * You, doubtless, glory in a revolution which has spread the broad basis of your civil and religious liberty ; you should not have forgotten the heroes of Enniskillen, nor the defenders of Derry, against the forces of James the Second, to whom the latter had sworn allegiance, and whose son-in-law the former had placed on the throne. For a gentleman who is so well versed in history as you are, should know that the combined efforts of the Dissenters and Catholics could have turned the scale at that critical period, and put a speedy end to the contests. Both parties were well rewarded for their exertions in support of the cause which to each seemed best : the daughter riveted the chains of the Dis. senters, who had procured her the throne, by the exaltation of her brother-in-law, and gave the coup de grace to the Catholics, for having fought in her father's cause, before they could have any notion that she would sway the sceptre which dropped from his feeble and unnerved hands. Since that memorable æra, so undeservedly degrading to both, the Dissenters and Catholics of Ireland have behaved with equal loyalty to each succeeding monarch. .

The Lord Bishop of Cloyne and you have paid them a very handsome compliment-the Bishop excludes them from national confidence, on account of their readiness to pull · down and set up: and you proclaim then internal contede. rated enemies against the constitution.

The Reverend Mr. Barber has shaved the Lord Bishop of Cloyne with a keen and polished razor; and he is very capable of trimming your pamphlet. May I ask you a few questions? Can you assign a reason for calling Theophilus a well-meaning writer? Is it for calling your Aesh and blood a pack of hounds? You are the son of respectable Roman Ca. tholic parents :. you need not blush at it, for the reasons al. ready alleged. Is it in your father's loyal and hospitable

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fainily, you have discovered any plot against the state? Is

amongst the respectable Dissenters and Catholics of the county of Cork? You have travelled over the most refined nations in Europe, and conversed with the Roman nobility, not far from the tombs of Scipio and Emilius. In Catholic countries have you discovered any treacherous correspondence between the Catholics of Ireland and the Princes of the houses of Bourbon and Sardinia, whom your well-meaning Theophilus points out as their deliverers? You go over the same ground with the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, and talk of Papists disarming Protestants. Did not this happen in the night time? Are you so clear-sighted as to discover a man's religion in the dark, when you are slumbering on your pillow? I doubt not but that some Protestants gave up their arms with as much reluctance as Counsellor Trant would reach forth his hand to receive the Commission of a Judge, when the Quarter Sessions are to be established in Munster, or the patent of a Vicar General. For numbers of them would not be much concerned if proctors, tithe-canters, and tithes, were at a great distance beyond Purgatory; which contributed so much to the establishment of those church revenues, which give the Lord Bishop of Cloyne and the Counsellor an occasion of rough-handling the Catholics and Dissenters of Ireland. The Lord Bishop of Cloyne preaches against what he deems the superstition; but likes to live well by the institution to which it gave rise.

In the same strain with the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, you speak of notices threatening to burn a new church, and to change an old church into a mass-house.

Is Counsellor Trant in earnest ? Does he really believe that a Catholic ever posted up that notice? Is the new church burnt? Is the old church sprinkled with holy water? If he gave himself the trouble to read my addresses to the Whiteboys, with the same attention with which Doctor Woodward read them, in order to brand me with sedition ; he must know the manner in which I ridiculed the idea. Where would they have found a chaplain to give them mass in that church? Or does Counsellor Trant believe that night strollers who would not hear mass from their own pastors, would die martyrs for prayers near the Bishop of

Cloyne's communion table? Apage Nuge! This I remarked before, and I here repeat it. But will Mr. O'Leary deny that such a notice was posted up? By no means. He has read the memoirs of artful knaves, and knows that there are still living, and will be found to the end of time ingenious Hoyles, who can lay down rules for playing a game of political whist. A Cardinal, whose life was a disgrace to the purple, got information that Pope Innocent the Eleventh, intended to expel him the Sacred College in consequence of complaints daily preferred against him to his eminence; the crafty courtier wrote to the Pope an anonymous letter against himself, informing his Holiness that the Cardinal was so profligate, that a Roman lady was to be found with him the following night, in such an apartment of his palace, and requesting his Holiness to procure personal information; the Pope, who was a man of the most rigid morals, came with his guards in the dead of night to the Cardinal's pa. lace, and forced his way into the apartment, where to his surprise, he found the holy man with his arms expanded before a crucifix, and on his bare knees upon a flag instead of carpet. The stratagem succeeded, and from that night forward he never would listen to any complaints against the Cardinal. Rather the Lord Bishop of Cloyne and Counsellor Trant, must produce the person who post. ed up the notice threatening to burn a new church, or leave me at liberty to attribute the notice to a much similar stratagem. They should have inquired whether tithe-jobbers did not contrive to set fire to their own corn, in order to preyent any alteration in the system of tithes, and to draw the vengeance of the laws upon deluded peasants, who were already but too obnoxious. Many evidences should be produced to support Counsellor Trant's charge; and if he produced ten thousand, not one of them, but upon examination, would be discovered a false witness.

That Doctor Woodward, the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, come from Westminster School to enjoy an Irish Bishopric, should insult the natives of Ireland, both Dissenters and Ca. tholics, by excluding them from confidence, I am not surprised. Every allowance must be made for the prejudices of early education. Perhaps at the age of twenty, he imagined that the Irish walked upon all fours, as an English Judge at the age of forty, a few years ago, wrote to his agent, to know whether there was a slated house in Dublin, to hire for his accommodation on his arrival. His Lordship is further by his profession and consecration hostile to all doctrines except his own, and interested in tithes, which in Ireland bring him in a greater income than he could expect in England. But that Counsellor Trant, à native of the land, a man of the world, whose mind should be enlarged by a more extensive intercourse with people of every descrip. tion, and a gentleman of independent fortune, should stand forth as a pamphlet writer, in support of the charges of the well-meaning, scurrilous and slanderous Theophilus, must be to his acquaintances a matter of surprise. There is not, however, a fortune-teller in the county of Cork, but could guess at the reason; and the reason must be very pressing, when Counsellor Trant commits himself with almost the bulk of the natives of Ireland, by calling them internal confederated enemies against the constitution of this kingdom.

It is to be expected that in the second edition, and all future editions of his pamphlet, he will mark down in large legible characters the above assertion amongst the errata; otherwise he must sanctify himself among the beneficed clergy, for no Dissenting or Catholic gentleman can with any warmth of affection keep company with their accuser.

The senate of the nation is now assembled. The Lord Bishop of Cloyne and Counsellor Trant are in Dublin ; and I am here to meet them. I call on them both in the face of the kingdom, to bring forth their charges against the Catholic body. I call on them to contradict what I have re. lated. I call on them to prove Popish confederacy against church or state. I cite them before the senate of the nation.

- They are silent, they decline the summons, Let the reader infer the consequence.

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Containing a Refutation of the Lord Bishop of Cloyne's Argu

ments, °drawn from the Legate's Letter and the Catholic ..Bishop's Consecration Oath.

In the persecutions against the primitive Christians, their enemies used to dress them in the skins of sheep and other animals, and after having forced on their bodies their livery of contempt, used to cry out Christiani ad bestias ; to the wild beasts with the Christians. The enemies of the Catholics of this kingdom have been so industrious of late, in dressing them in a strange drapery, and attributing to them sedition, hostility to the state, and doctrines inconsistent with the security of the throne, as to excite a general clamour Catholici ad funem ; to the halter with the Catholics. To refute every charge would make up a volume. My defence is already swelled to a tolerable size; and after a full vindication of the Catholic body, and of my own conduct, I think it-needless to take up my reader's time with any farther. tedious discussions.

However, as the Lord Bishop of Cloyne has favoured the public with a translation of Ghilini's letter, and the Catholic Bishop's consecration oath, I must trespass further on the patience of my readers. The Catholic body must be grossly misrepresented if the public are to believe that the opinions of Casuists make a part of their creed. Were I to sum up all the erroneous opinions of the Divines who professed themselves members of the church of England, and the opinions of several other Protestant Divines, did I collect them all into a volume with this title, the Creed of the Right Reverend Doctor Woodward, the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, how would he gaze with astonishment, and exclaim against my want of sincerity and candour! In the very supposition then, that Burke and Ghilini were really of the opinion which the Lord Bishop of Cloyne attributes to

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