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ture, are now about to be established in the Hebrides, merely for the profit of the manufacturer, the only sure foundation on which they can ever stand. These, it is to be supposed, will gradually extend themselves. The people will then find employment at home. Instead of being a useless burden upon the land, they will become respectable purchasers of its produce. Those fetters that have chained them down to idleness and poverty will be broken, and they will become active citizens of the state.
Mr David Dale, and Walter Campbell of Shawfield, esq. proprietor of the island of Isla, two men whose names will long be revered in the west of Scotland, have effected this desirable change. Mr Dale, finding that his demand for manufactures far exceeds what he could supply by means of the hands he can obtain in Lanarkihire, applied to Mr Campbell, who resides nearly one half of the year in Islay, to see if he could find any weavers in that island who would engage to work to him; offering, if Mr Campbell would become surety to the amount of L. 2000, that the goo.'s he should entrust among his people to that amount should be faithfully accounted for to him, he would in that case engage to find constant work for fifty looms in the island. Mr Campbell, who is ever attentive to the welfare of his people, and the improvement of his estate, and who knows their dispositions, as they do his, hesitated not one moment to close with the proposal; and every thing is now going forward to carry the agreement inte immediate execution,
No sooner did other manuafcturers hear of this, than they naturally wished to participate in the advantages they foresaw Mr Dale would derive from this enterprise. No less than four of these have already made offer, each to send over to the island of Islay an overseer, well acquainted with the business, who would each of them undertake to teach thirty apprentices in the art of weaving, if Mr Campbell approved of the undertaking, and would erect convenient houses for their accommodation. Mr Campbell, on his part, was satisfied, if the terms they offeredshould be such as to satisfy the other persons concerned. The manufacturers offered to take apprentices, if of fourteen years of age or upwards, to be bound for four years; or for five years, if they were from twelve to fourteen
letters. When the Editor said that the duke" used the figure of pars pro toto, well known in vulgat rhetoric,” he had the misfortune not to be understood by some of bis readers.
Note of lord Hailes.
of age ;-to find them in tools, and instruct them in the business, and to allow them at the rate of L.8 2-year, wages, during the whole time they were bound; and to give them, at the ead of their time, the loom and apparatus they had used free to themselves. These terms pleased the people. · Mr Campbell on his part undertook to build the houses. Apprentices are engaging ; and the whole business is to commence as soon as the necessary accommodation can be provided for them. Thus will there be established at once, in the island of Islay alone, no less than an hundred and seventy weavers, who are certain of finding constant employment. How
many more may be formed under their auspices, time only can disa
It is in this way I have always contended that industry fhould be established in these countries; and not by means of premiums, bounties, bribes, or charitable contributions; all of which are limited in their operation, and liable to such abuses as to give more room to frauds and deceit, than to steady and unabating industry. At the present moment, the demand for the manufactures of Britain is such, as to render it impossible for master manufac
turers to execute their orders. In the road now chalked out to them, many thousands of useful hands
be obtained at a much more moderate rate, than in any other situation. Those distresses which have driven so many of these valuable inhabitants to seek lelter in a foreign land, will be alleviated; and instead of being a burden on the community, these men will add to the strength, the wealth, and the revenue of this country. Two things lonly are wanted to effect all this; viz. that gentlemen of property in those parts, shall see their interest so well, as to close with any proposals to that effect that may be made to them by manufacturers, in the liberal
that Mr Campbell has done, so as to erect houses for their people in such places as admit of a ready communication with other places; and that they exert themselves to get the coast duty on coals taken off, and get all the narrow seas between the isles and the mainland, declared friths, so as to admit of being navigated with the same freedom as En. glish friths, without which the industry of these parts must be loog dreadfully repressed.
In what I here say, manufactures and agriculture alone are the objects in view; but if the full prosperity of the country be aimed at, the fisheries should be taken into the account; which, without material alterations in the salt laws, can never become an object of consequence to these coasts.
ANECDOTE. HERNINIO GRIMALDI, a Genoese, was the richest, and at the same time the most avaricious man of his time in Italy, He did not know what it was to do a kindness to his fel. low citizens, nor to be polite to strangers. William Borsieri, a man of condition, who had heard of the humour of
Grimaldi, went to see him one day, at a pretty enough house which he had caused lately to be built. After having seen the apartments, which were ornamented with curiosities, “Well !" says the proprietor to him, “ you who have so extended a knowledge, can you tell me any thing new, which you have not seen here, and which I can cause to be made into a picture for this house ?" Borsierri, surprised at this question, answered him, that he could give him the subject of an excellent picture, which should represent a thing which was wanting at his house, and which was never seen there. Being pressed to tell the name of it, “ I would advise you," said he, to make a painting of Generosity." Grimaldi, struck with that word, took his part immediately. “ Yes, Sir," answered he with a vivacity which was not usual to him, “ I will cause it to be represented in such a manner, that nobody shall be able to reproach me with not having known it." From that moment he changed his conduct entirely; and made so splendid a use of his great riches, that they speak of no• thing but the magnificence and liberality of GRIMALDI.
The communication by Timothy Sober is come to hand and under consideration.
A Constant Reader is respectfully informed, that it was altogether impossible to comply with his request; besides the Editor has no access to obtain any original information respecting the two conspicuous characters he mentions.
In answer to Owen,-the Ediror must wait the determination of others on the subject about which he enquires ; but he hopes to have it soon.
Neither the s'bject nor the execution of the coinmunication by Abis Amicus, deserve the notice of che readers of the Bee. His corrections are received.
The communication by P. P. the Editor suspects is not an original.
The letter of another respectable correspondent, whose signature he does not wilh to be mentioned, is duly received.
THE ARNEE, OR GREAT INDIAN BUFFALO, A NON.DESCRIPT ANIMAL OF THE OX KIND.
9. CU This animal is hitherto unknown among the naturalists in Europe. It is a native of the higher parts of Hindostan, being scarcely ever found lower down than the plains of Plassy, above which they are found in considerable numbers, and are well known