Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the 'Well-Ordered Society'
This book studies a central but hitherto neglected aspect of Rousseau's political thought: the concept of social order and its implications for the ideal society which he envisages. The antithesis between order and disorder is a fundamental theme in Rousseau's work, and the author takes it as the basis for this study. In contrast with a widely held interpretation of Rousseau's philosophy, Professor Viroli argues that natural and political order are by no means the same for Rousseau. He explores the differences and interrelations between the different types of order which Rousseau describes, and shows how the philosopher constructed his final doctrine of the just society, which can be based only on every citizen's voluntary and knowing acceptance of the social contract and on the promotion of virtue above ambition. The author also shows the extent of Rousseau's debt to the republican tradition, and above all to Machiavelli, and revises the image of Rousseau as a disciple of the natural-law school.
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Images of order between nature and the artificial
The knowledge and love of order
Natural order and artificial disorder
The wellordered society
The necessity of artifice
Disorder and inequality
Natural inequalities and artificial inequalities
Difference and inequality
The price of things and the value of men
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A.O. Lovejoy according to Rousseau ambition amongst Aristotle body politic citizens civil law civil religion Cole common concept conflict conscience Contrat social corrupt Derathe desire despotism Discorsi Discours sur I'inegalite Discourse on inequality doctrine egotism equality esteem existence fact feeling fellows fundamental G.D.H. Cole G.W.F. Hegel Geneva manuscript happiness harmony Hobbes Hobbes's honour human Ibid idea individual institutions Jean-Jacques Rousseau justice Kant legislator legitimate Lettres Leviathan liberty live Machiavelli magistrates means men's moderate Montesquieu moral inequality natural law natural order necessary obey opinion Paris passions personal identity philosophers political constitution political order politique possible principle private interests problem Pufendorf rational reason regard relations republic republican respect Rousseau's theory rule social compact social contract social disorder social order sovereign authority sovereign body sovereignty of law superiority things Thomas Hobbes transl true tyranny universe virtue virtuous vivere libero wealth well-ordered society
Utopia's Garden: French Natural History from Old Regime to Revolution
E. C. Spary
Limited preview - 2000
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Representative Democracy: Principles and Genealogy
Limited preview - 2006