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the Taxes (repealed in that year), being 111,000l. must be included in that sum, and ought to be deducted, before it can be compared with the produce of a subsequent year. With this deduction, the fame Taxes produced in 1792 only 14,173,000l.

The whole comparison is indeed curious. The most productive year of the most prosperous Peace, is singled out to be compared with the fifth year of the most expensive War which this Country has ever known. From the former, nothing is deducted for Taxes since repealed. To the latter, nothing is allowed either for the stoppage of the Distilleries, which prevented the receipt of a large sum, or even for sums actually received and applied to the Public Service. And then a conclusion is drawn, with all the parade of arithmetical accuracy, that there is a defi. ciency of the Permanent Taxes, in consequence of the War, of 943,6591. Even on the comparison of the two years, properly corrected, the Deficiency cannot be fairly stated at more than 415,oool. much less than what the accidental fluctuation of Commerce has frequently occasioned in the most flourishing period. It would surely have furnished a fairer medium of comparison, though less suited to the evident purpose of the Writer, if he had looked at the produce of the Revenue for the four years preceding the War; or for the four years during the War, the latter of which periods was found, equally to our surprize and satisfaction, more productive than the former : but such a comparison would have left a blank in his account of failure, or at best, would have filled it up with a paltry sum, which would hardly have figured amongst the subsequent enumerations of deficient mil. lions.

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If we look farther back, we shall find that the estimate of these Taxes formed by the Committee of 1791 (an æra of what was then unexampled prosperity) was only 13,249,00cl.; and it will be no small consolation to refect, that in spite of the accumulation of expence and increase of burdens, the produce of the Old Revenue for the last year, instead of sinking under them, has in ac, tual receipt exceeded that estimate by 250,000l. and allowing for the stoppage of the Distilleries, by above half a Million.

N. B. All these statements are taken from Papers on the Table of the House of Commons.

(To be continued.)

MISTAKES.

EXTRACT FROM A LETTER TO THE CITY OF LONDON,

Published in the Courier, Nov, 22. “ It is thus the friends of the present war have attempted to show

" that the French Republic is now become incompatible with the “ British Constitution ; because, say they, the Enemy declares “ that 'the two Governments cannot exist at the same time.'

“ Wretched attempts of a wretched State Logician! " By the word Government (so far as it relates to England) neither

“ more nor less can be meant than the Ministry. Do we not say *Mr. Fox is opposed to Government?'-Do we not say 'His “ Grace the Duke of BedFORD strongly opposes Government?' " without meaning to insinuate in the slightest degree that either " the one or the other can be inimical to our Constitution ? In fine, are not those who are most sincere in their opposition to Government, often considered the best friends of the Constitution"

We rank this Paragraph under the head of Mistake, rather than of Misrepresentation, not because we are at all insensible to the wickedness of its design, but because we think the folly of the execution its more prominent and remarkable quality.

In what sense the present French Rulers are hostile to the Gevernment of this Country, is not, we apprehend any longer matter of doubt with any man of common understanding

It remained for the uncommon stupidity of this writer to attempt the alleviation of our fears on this head, by assuring us that whatever were the views of the French Rulers with regard to our Government, they are precisely the same with those of the opposition at home.

In the name of Dullness, for whom is this wretched blundering Advocate retained? The French bely in every word, and by every action, his limitation of the objects which they have in view on the one hand; and, on the other hand, will Mr. Fox and His Grace the Duke of BEDFORD be satisfied at seeing their designs identified with those of the Foreign Enemies of their Country?

The Court of Spain, it appears, refuses to admit of the French Troops

" to march across that Country to attack Portugal.- Whether as friends or foes, there is something in the French Character very " terrifying to regular Governments."- Murn. Cbron. Nov. 22.

The mistake in this paragraph is not as to the matter of fact with which it sets out, which may be true for aught that we know, and we hope is so; but as to the inference which the Writer so judiciously draws from itThe character of the present French Government, it seems, is no less formidable to its Allies than to its Enemies. True. And what then? Why then, though we cannot but regret and deplore the evils of war, we have at least the consolation to see it acknowledged, that at this moment a Peace would be without security.

" The - The Ministerial Writers have reduced all they have to blame in

( the Secession of Opposition to the following simple and consistent
o proposition: The Opposition have done great mischief by resist.
« ing the plan, origin, and conduct, of the present War, and by
" thwarting the Ministry in their schemes of finance.-Ergo
“ They ought to return, and do more mischief.Morning Chronicle,
November 22.

The proposition is no such thing. It is asserted (if the Writer pleases) that the Opposition have laboured to do mischief. It is contended also, that they owe a duty to their Constituents and to their Country, which makes their systematic absence from Parliament highly culpable. Do these propositions in any way contradict each other? Yes, says this able Paragraphist, for Opposition could return only to do more mischief. Perhaps so; but are we bound to have known this before it was avowed? We had hopes that they might not only return, but return with an intention of doing good. This the Writer before us seems to think would be very simple. We do not think so, though we may perhaps agree with him that it would not be very consistent.

It is rather singular that Lord Moira, who is an Irish Peer, should think it fitting or useful to state in the English House of Lords, what he chuses to call. acts of oppression which the People of Ireland have suffered under the Irish Government. He supposes, probably, that however incorrect or exaggerated any of his representations may be, it is not likely in that place that any person can be sufficiently informed of the real circumstances, to expose such statements, or, if totally groundless, to contradict them. Had he thought proper to state the same in the Irish Parliament, he would have asserted them before men informed as to the particular facts

to which he might have alluded, and who had the means of redressing any real grievances, if he could prove any to exist.

5. With regard to what happened at the Meetings upon the Militia

“ Law (in Scotland) you must be aware of it. I allude to the « Proceedings at Tranent. I am well assured that the accounts “ which appeared in the Newspapers concerning that affair, were “ very mitigated and below the mark. But they contain enough " to excite your horror."- Mr. Fox's Speech at tbe Sbakspeare Tavern, Tuesday, October 10, 1797, as reported in the Morning Cbronicle of sbe fol. lowing day.

NARRATIVE OF THE RIOT AT TRANENT.

A Correspondent in Scotland has favoured us with the following Copy

of the Narrative of the Affair at Tranent, as transmitted by the MAGISTRATES there assembled, to the LORD LIEUTENANT of the County.

LETTER TO THE MARQUIS OF TWEEDALE FROM THE DEPUTY

LIEUTENANTS.

“ MY LORD, « The unfortunate circumstances which attended the District Meeting held on the 29th of August at Tranent, for carrying into execution the Act of Parliament regarding the Militia, having given rise to a variety of false statements and injurious reflections; we think it our duty to submit to your Lordship as concise an account as possible of what passed on that occasion.

« Previous to the day of meeting, we had learnt by general reports, and by particular information, that efforts were using to stir up the People of the District forcibly

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