« PreviousContinue »
6 a curious one it is) of a Paper called “ The Northern “ Star,” the Presses of which, with the Types, &c. &c. « were broken and destroyed by the Military, and the “ House, in which it was printed, pulled down. As I un« derstood him, he insinuated that this was done with the « sanction of Government. That the Presses, Types, " &c. and House were destroyed, is true ; but that it was « done with the sanction of Government, is most false. « The case was this — “ The Northern Star” (which, " though a very Seditious Paper, is not to be compared “ to “ The Press'') had, among many other inflam“ matory Libels, published one highly reflecting upon the « Monaghan Militia; who were so enraged thereat, that so they immediately took up arms, and before the General “ of the District could come up with sufficient force to “ prevent the cutrage, the House was pulled down, and " the Materials with which they had been libelled utterly « destroyed. So far therefore from this being under the « sanction of Government, the General of the District “ did his utmost to prevent it; and the whole was no “ more than the effect of a sudden resentment in men “ highly jealous of their Military Honour, and who had « been cruelly libelled by the Editor of the Paper.
We are again under the necessity of postponing the STATEMENT respecting PRISONERS OP War, owing to the pressure of inatter of a more temporary nature. In our next Number, however, it shall cer. tainly appear; and we challenge the attention of the Public to it, in the confidence that it will set this question completely at rest, in the mind of every man of common sense, feeling, and bumanity,
An ANTI-JACOBIN * has our best Thanks for the detection of a gross Misrepresentation in The New Annual Register. We should have given him a place in this day's Paper, but for the multitude of Articles of the same kind with which we are already almost over-loaded.
The Ode to Anarcby shall appear in our next: it has not been delayed from any want of a proper sense of its excellence.
We feel ourselves much indebted to any Correspondent who will give us an opportunity of correcting any Mistake into which we may inadvertently have fallen.-The two false dates in the Naval HISTORY, were errors of the Press, and as such have been corrected. We forbear entering into a discussion with the Correspondent who has pointed them out to us, upon the more serious subjects of his Letter, though certainly differing from him in opinion upon many of them. He will observe, however, that the Naval History is intended, not as a Narrative of Political Events, but merely as a Register of the Naval Actions of former periods, with a view to a just estimation of our present Maritime Superiority.
We should very much wish our Correspondents to use more discriminating Signatures than those of "Anti-Jacobin," or "A Constant Reader," in order that we may be enabled to acknow. ledge our obligations to them more intelligibly. We have no less than three “ Constant Readers," and eicht “ Anti-Jacobins," now before us. We need not add, that it is in their sigeatures only that we wish for any alteration.
N° IX.-MONDAY, JANUARY 8, 1798.
Lie on: wbile our revenge shall be
PRISONERS OF WAR.
TN refutation of the atrocious calumnies published in
the Official Papers of the French Directory, respecto ing the situation of their Prisoners of War in England, we promised an Authentic Statement of the Conduct of the respective Governments on this point. We now present our Readers with this Statement, which we think it right to introduce by a reference to a Communication officially given to the Public by the Directory, in the Rédacteur of the 17th ult. It is as follows: “ The Directory nor THINKING IT SAFE TO TRUST TO THE HUMANITY
" OF THE ENGLISH GOVERNMENT, bas DIRECTED its Agent of Prisoners « in England to provide tbem with Clotbing, Subsistence, Medicines, and “ Medical Attendance."
The following is the Arrêté of the Directory, to which this Paragraph ailudes: Liberty.
Equality. Extract form the Register of the Deliberations of the
“ Paris, 192b Frimaire, (11th Dec.)
. 6th Year of the Republic. “ The Executive Directory having taken into consi“ deration the Report of the Minister of Marine, rela“ tive to the dispositions of the British Government upon
so the " the subject of a General Cartel for the Exchange of « Prisoners of War," resolves,
Art. I. - Captain JAMES Cotes, to whom a Passport has been sent, authorizing him to come to Paris, as Agent for the British Prisoners, shall be entitled, upon his arrival, to the same privileges and indulgences as are enjoyed by the French Agent in London.
II. -- As soon as possible after the arrival of Capt. Cotes, the Commissioners for the Exchange of Prisoners of War, shall enter into a Negotiation with him for a General Exchange of Prisoners, upon the basis of the Preliminary Convention agreed upon on the 29th of Pluviose, 5th year' (177h Feb. 1797), between the respective Commissioners of the two Nations.
III. — IN CONFORMITY TO THE PROPOSAL MADE BY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT, that each Nation should defray, through its respective Agents, every charge relative to its own Prisoners, the Minister of the Marine is authorized to direct the Agent of the French Republic in London, to provide the necessary Clothing, Subsistence, and Medicines, for the French Prisoners of War in England.
IV. - Upon the arrival of the British Agent at Paris, he shall be informed that the British Prisoners in France are to be provided for by him in the same manner, to commence from the day the Agent of the Republic shall enter upon this duty in England,
The Minister of the Marine is directed to attend to the execution of this Arrété, which shall not be printed. (Signed) The President of the Executive Directory,
P. BARRAS. LA GARDE, Secretary General.
(An exact Copy.) PLEVILLE LE PELLEY.
G. J. COTTREAU.
Our Readers will obserye, that there exists a material difference between the grounds on which the Directory has formed its Resolutions, and those to which they are ascribed in the Official Statement of the Rédacteur. The third Article of the Arrêté is distinctly founded upon a Proposal ORIGINATING WITH OUR GOVERNMENT, and assented to by the Directory, and has no reference to the consideration stated in the Rédacteur.
We think it necessary to give some account of the general conduct of the two countries with respect to Prisoners during the present War, and of the steps which led to this proposal on the part of our Government.
From the breaking out of the War until a considerable time after the fall of ROBESPIERRE, the English Prisoners, without distinction of rank or other circumstances, were considered and treated in France as victims devoted to destruction. By a decree of the Convention, indeed, they were ordered to be put to death as soon as taken; but this atrocious Law not meeting with its literal execution, they were reserved for a fate scarcely less severe. In the damp and putrid air of loathsome dungeons, and with an allowance of food either detrimental in quality, or inadequate in quantity, to the support of life, want and disease soon became substitutes for the Fusillade and the Guillotine. IN THIS MANNer nearly Thirteen Hundred OUT OF Two Thousand BRITISH PRISONERS WERE BESTROYED AT Quimper ALONE.
Among these unfortunate Victims of French atrocity, were the Masters and Crews of several British CarteLS,sent from the West Indies during the Summer of 1794) with French Prisoners, who, on their surrender at Martinique and the other French Islands, had obtained, from the unsuspecting generosity of the British Commanders, T4