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To those who so heavily complain of the severity of our Assesments, and deplore the exhausted state of this Country, as compared with the affluence of the French
Treasury, and the extent of their resources, it is recommended to consider with attention the two following Articles of the Bill of Supply, decreed by the Councils on the 30th of last September.
Art. IV. “ There shall be raised by Anticipation, on « the direct Taxes of the Sixth Year, the sum of One « Hundred Millions of Livres. The half of the Con« tributors who are most highly rated in each Commune, « shall be bound to pay one-half of the amount of their « Contribution before the ist of Nivose (21st December « 1797). The other Contributors shall pay one quarter “of their Tax before the same period.”
Art. XI. “ All arrears of the direct Taxes of the « Fifth Year (amounting to Eighty-seven Millions of “ Livres) shall be paid into the Treasury in the months “ of Vendemiaire and Brumaire next (before the 21st of « November 1797).”
In explanation of these Articles, it may be proper to observe, that the persons here mentioned (those who are most highly rated in each Commune) are described in the Reports of the Two Councils, as contributing to the Land Tax from one-third to one-half of their wbole revenue ; that they have hitherto been able to discharge only a very small part of this enormous impost; and that they are now condemned, not only to pay their arrears before they can have sold the produce out of which the money must arise, but farther, to discharge, before the 21st December, 1797, one-half of their Contribution for 1798. In other words, they are now called upon to pay the superAuity of a harvest which is not yet sown.
In other er, 1702. Dhe farth.
It appears by the late Message of the Directory, that the modern Republicans have not entirely forgotten the ancient French Character
Proud of their numbers, and secure in soul,
Do the low-rated English play at dice. But the Gamesters described by SHAKSPÉARÉ, were Courtiers and Soldiers, whereas it is a set of sober plodding Money-lenders, of men not much addicted to be so over-lusty, and little in the habit of lending their Funds on prophetic Mortgages, who are now bargaining with the Directory for a post-obit on GREAT BRITAIN.
The French Financiers seem to reason thus: - The English Minister can only raise a Loan by mortgaging the Landed and other Property of England - But the value of the things pledged depends on the quantity of thern which is brought to market. - Ergo, if we offer the same pledge (viz. the Lands of England) as a security to our Creditors, we shall annihilate English Credit.-Q. E. D. From this obvious conclusion, which certainly cannot escape the sagacity of Mr. Fox, we expect various new arguments, evincing the folly and wickedness of prosecuting any farther the present ruinous, unjust, and un. necessary War.
Count Tavenzien is arrived in London, to announce the Accession of the King of Prussia. He will have his Audience of His MAJESTY on Wednesday.
Last night Mr. WICKHAM, His Majesty's Minister to the Swiss Cantons, arrived in Town from Switzerland.
VOL. I. .
( Extract of a Letter.) « The Civil Power ought certainly in no case to be « superseded by the Military, as long as the former is es capable of acting ; but when, through a nefarious sys“ tem of Assassination, much worse than a state of open « Rebellion, men are universally deterred from acting in “ their Civil Capacities, it then becomes necessary to the • salvation of the State, that. a Military Power should “ be substituted, else all Power, all Government, is at an « end, and Men are let loose one upon another, without “ the possibility of controul; Property, Life, Liberty, and « Honour, are at end, and Men are returned to a state of « Nature.
« It is to be lamented, that the wickedness of Men “ sometimes necessitates the introduction of a Military « Force. When that becomes the case, disorders are inevi“ table, from the various dispositions of those to whom
Military Commands are entrusted; that such disorders “ have been committed, is not to be denied, but the Noble “ Lord in question * was rather unhappy in his examples 16 of them. To give you an instance, he lays it down “ as a general principle, that the Liberty of the Press is “ destroyed in this Country. Any man who reads a « Paper called “ The Press," and another called “ The « Dublin Evening Post,” could have set hiin right upon " this subject; he however, gives an instance of it (and 6 a curious one it is) of a Paper called “ The Northern “ Star,” the Presses of which, with the Types, &c. &c. « were broken and destroyed by the Military, and the “ House, in which it was printed, pulled down. As I un« derstood him, he insinuated that this was done with the « sanction of Government. That the Presses, Types, " &c. and House were destroyed, is true ; but that it was « done with the sanction of Government, is most false. « The case was this — “ The Northern Star” (which, " though a very Seditious Paper, is not to be compared “ to “ The Press'') had, among many other inflam“ matory Libels, published one highly reflecting upon the « Monaghan Militia; who were so enraged thereat, that so they immediately took up arms, and before the General “ of the District could come up with sufficient force to “ prevent the cutrage, the House was pulled down, and " the Materials with which they had been libelled utterly « destroyed. So far therefore from this being under the « sanction of Government, the General of the District “ did his utmost to prevent it; and the whole was no “ more than the effect of a sudden resentment in men “ highly jealous of their Military Honour, and who had « been cruelly libelled by the Editor of the Paper.
• Lord Moira, of whom the Author had been speaking in another part of his Letter. .7 .
We are again under the necessity of postponing the STATEMENT respecting PRISONERS OP War, owing to the pressure of inatter of a more temporary nature. In our next Number, however, it shall cer. tainly appear; and we challenge the attention of the Public to it, in the confidence that it will set this question completely at rest, in the mind of every man of common sense, feeling, and bumanity,
An ANTI-JACOBIN * has our best Thanks for the detection of a gross Misrepresentation in The New Annual Register. We should have given him a place in this day's Paper, but for the multitude of Articles of the same kind with which we are already almost over-loaded.
The Ode to Anarcby shall appear in our next: it has not been delayed from any want of a proper sense of its excellence.
We feel ourselves much indebted to any Correspondent who will give us an opportunity of correcting any Mistake into which we may inadvertently have fallen.-The two false dates in the Naval HISTORY, were errors of the Press, and as such have been corrected. We forbear entering into a discussion with the Correspondent who has pointed them out to us, upon the more serious subjects of his Letter, though certainly differing from him in opinion upon many of them. He will observe, however, that the Naval History is intended, not as a Narrative of Political Events, but merely as a Register of the Naval Actions of former periods, with a view to a just estimation of our present Maritime Superiority.
We should very much wish our Correspondents to use more discriminating Signatures than those of "Anti-Jacobin," or "A Constant Reader," in order that we may be enabled to acknow. ledge our obligations to them more intelligibly. We have no less than three “ Constant Readers," and eicht “ Anti-Jacobins," now before us. We need not add, that it is in their sigeatures only that we wish for any alteration.