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The French General has seized a large deposit of Sea. Biscuit and Salt, belonging to the Public, which he is selling, to pay his Troops, who are in arrears, and discontented.
It has been reported here, that the Cisalpine Republic has declared War against the Pope, for not having acknowledged its Independence. Brescia and Bergamo are said to have protested against uniting themselves with the Cisalpine Republic.
Dec. 1. — The Merchants of this City have been obliged to purchase the Biscuit and Salt seized by the French General, and to pay the Sum of One Hundred and Fifty Thousand Silver Ducats for the above Articles, which ridiculous Contract has been sanctioned by the Austrian Agents here.
An Edict has been affixed in every corner of the streets, inviting the Public to purchase at auction, all the remaining Ships, Naval Stores, old iron Guns, &c. which the Merchants will most probably be obliged to purchase, as they have done the Salt and Buiscuit.
One 74 gun Ship will come out of the Arsenal tomorrow, and a Frigate of 40 guns will follow on Wednesday next.
The dispositions of the French, indicate that they are on the departure. The French here publicly avow their intention of invading Great Britain with three Armies.
Paris. - We will not show ourselves the enemies of that formidable body of Sailors who some months ago had the courage to raise the Standard of Indepandence, and who for a moment entertained the hope of restoring Liberty to their Country-We will not give up to despair the unconquerable Defenders of Ireland and Scotland, who
suffer with resignation all the fury of Despotism, while they expect us as their Deliverers-We will not have the baseness to confound, with the slaves of corruption, all those generous Members of the Opposition in the English Parliament, who have not ceased to oppose the War, to defend the Rights of Humanity, and to smile upon the efforts which we have made for conquering our Liberties ; who, even at the entrance of the Bastile, and on the first steps of the Scaffold, have dared to speak of Peace with France, and Reform in the English Government,' — Ré. dacteur.
In one of the last Numbers of the Rédacteur (which, as our Readers all know, is a Paper published under the immediate orders of the Directory) an Article is inserted, to vindicate the Directory from the charge of having declared an eternal, irreconcileable War of Extermination against the whole English Nation.
We are there expressly assured, that from the vengeance and extirpation with which England is daily threatened in their Decrees and Proclamation, three classes of Men are to be excepted.
ist, The Sailors concerned in the Mutiny at the Nore.
2dly, The Defenders in Ireland, and (as they are pleased to add, a little prematurely) in Scotland.
3dly, All the generous members of Opposition in the British Parliament, who are unceasingly demanding a Reform in the Government of their Country.
In what manner these Exceptions will be considered by the persons themselves, who are thus separated by the Enemy from the great body of their Countrymen, or by the Country from whom they are thus separated, it is not for us to pronounce ; but the fact itself cannot be uninteresting to any description of our Readers.
"To To those who so heavily complain of the severity of our Assesments, and deplore the exhausted state of this Country, as compared with the affluence of the French Treasury, and the extent of their resources, it is recommended to consider with attention the two following Articles of the Bill of Supply, decreed by the Councils on the 30th of last September.
Art. IV. “ There shall be raised by Anticipation, on « the direct Taxes of the Sixth Year, the sum of One « Hundred Millions of Livres. The half of the Con“ tributors who are most highly rated in each Commune, « shall be bound to pay one-half of the amount of their “ Contribution before the ist of Nivose (21st December “ 1797). The other Contributors shall pay one quarter “ of their Tax before the same period.”
Art. XI. “ All arrears of the direct Taxes of the « Fifth Year (amounting to Eighty-seven Millions of « Livres) shall be paid into the Treasury in the months « of Vendemiaire and Brumaire next (before the 21st of “ November 1797).”
In explanation of these Articles, it may be proper to observe, that the persons here mentioned (those who are most highly rated in each Commune) are described in the Reports of the Two Councils, as contributing to the Land Tax from one-third to one-half of their whole revenue ; that they have hitherto been able to discharge only a very small part of this enormous impost; and that they are now condemned, not only to pay their arrears before they can have sold the produce out of which the money must arise, but farther, to discharge, before the 21st December, 1797, one-half of their Contribution for 1798. In other words, they are now called upon to pay the superfuity of a harvest which is not yet sown.
It appears by the late Message of the Directory, that the modern Republicans have not entirely forgotten the ancient French Character
Proud of their numbers, and secure in soul,
Do the low-rated English play at dice. But the Gamesters described by SHAKSPÉARÉ, were Courtiers and Soldiers, whereas it is a set of sober plodding Money-lenders, of men not much addicted to be so over-lusty, and little in the habit of lending their Funds on prophetic Mortgages, who are now bargaining with the Directory for a post-obit on GREAT BRITAIN.
The French Financiers seem to reason thus: - The English Minister can only raise a Loan by mortgaging the Landed and other Property of England - But the value of the things pledged depends on the quantity of thern which is brought to market. - Ergo, if we offer the same pledge (viz. the Lands of England) as a security to our Creditors, we shall annihilate English Credit.-Q. E. D. From this obvious conclusion, which certainly cannot escape the sagacity of Mr. Fox, we expect various new arguments, evincing the folly and wickedness of prosecuting any farther the present ruinous, unjust, and un. necessary War.
Count Tavenzien is arrived in London, to announce the Accession of the King of Prussia. He will have his Audience of His MAJESTY on Wednesday.
Last night Mr. WICKHAM, His Majesty's Minister to the Swiss Cantons, arrived in Town from Switzerland.
VOL. I. .
(Extract of a Letter.) « The Civil Power ought certainly in no case to be « superseded by the Military, as long as the former is « capable of acting ; but when, through a nefarious sys“ tem of Assassination, much worse than a state of open « Rebellion, men are universally deterred from acting in “ their Civil Capacities, it then becomes necessary to the • salvation of the State, that. a Military Power should « be substituted, else all Power, all Government, is at an « end, and Men are let loose one upon another, without “ the possibility of controul; Property, Life, Liberty, and “ Honour, are at end, and Men are returned to a state of « Nature.
" It is to be lamented, that the wickedness of Men u sometimes necessitates the introduction of a Military « Force. When that becomes the case, disorders are inevi“ table, from the various dispositions of those to whom « Military Commands are entrusted; that such disorders “ have been committed, is not to be denied, but the Noble « Lord in question * was rather unhappy in his examples w of them. To give you an instance, he lays it down “ as a general principle, that the Liberty of the Press is “ destroyed in this Country. Any man who reads a « Paper called “ The Press," and another called “ The * Dublin Evening Post," could have set hinn right upon " this subject; he however, gives an instance of it (and
• Lord Moira, of whom the Author had been speaking in another part of his Letter.