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The Paris Journals, received yesterday, contain a thundering Proclamation to the French Armies, inviting them to proceed immediately to London; where they are to be joined by the Friends of Parliamentary Reform, and (what seems rather more incredible, from local circumstances which the Directory overlook) by the whole Irish Nation,



Whilst the gratitude of the Country is so strongly marked towards Admiral Lord Duncan, the eminent services of Officers who served under him must not be forgotten.—At the head of these we find his gallant Second in command, Rear-Admiral Sir R. Onslow. His was the first Ship that was engaged, owing to the accidental circumstance of his Division being nearer to the Enemy's Rear, than Lord Duncan's was to their Van.-On his bearing down to pass through the Dutch Line immediately astern of their Vice-Admira!, their next Ship bore up so close as to leave no space for the Monarch to pass, and to endanger the two Dutch Ships running foul of each other. -To avoid this, Admiral Reyntjes hoisted more sail; by which an opening was made, which Admiral ONSLOW instantly took advantage of, passing between the two Ships, and raking both as he passed. He then engaged the Dutch Admiral to leeward, at about sixty yards distance, who struck, after a close Action of an hour and twenty minutes.

The Monarch was before the Action 70 men short of her complement.--Eighty Dutchmen made part of her

Crew, Crew, most of whom had inlisted on the capture of Admiral Lucas, in Saldanha Bay.—They behaved during the Action remarkably well. Two thirds of the loss sustained by the Monarch took place on the wheel of the rudder being shot away, which made the ship unmanageable, and exposed her to the additional fire of the ship a-head of the Dutch Admiral for about a quarter of an hour, till the wheel was replaced.

The Powerful, Capt. DRURY, was the ship that seconded Admiral Onslow, and engaged the Dutch ship immediately astern of Admiral REYNTJES, which struck to bim in less than half an hour. He then inquired where the Venerable was; and just discovering her flag through the smoke, and surrounded by Enemies, he instantly ordered his Pilot to carry him down to the Admiral's assistance, though the distance was near three miles, and he belonged to another Division. His arrival was very cri. tical, the Venerable at that time having received near fifty shot between wind and water.-Admiral de Win. ter declares, that the broadside of the Powerful was the most tremendous that he received. Such gallantry deserves to be for ever recorded.



- facite ut vestra auctoritas
Mea auctoritati fautrix adjutrixque sit.




MY LORD, T HAVE said, and I think established in my former 1 Letter, that many parts of Ireland were in a state of the greatest disorder, and a strong spirit of discontent reigning among the People, before the present System was resorted to, a few months since, of employing the Military to protect the Laws.

It may therefore be asked—What then occasioned that spirit among the People in 1796, independently of those religious animosities in particular parts, which are not chargeable to the Administration of the Country? Did it arise from any act, on the part of Government, tending to provoke them? Or, was it the consequence of any attempt to mislead them by incendiary publications ; or to stimulate them to Rebellion by secret Conspiracies against the State ;-It could not be the consequence of oppression on the part of the Government, because the conduct of Government, for a series of years, has been marked by a laudable endeavour, in various ways, to me


liorate the condition of the People. What are the proofs ?

They are these :-The People of Ireland desired to have 'the duration of their Parliament limited - It was done.

A Cry was raised for the repeal of PornInG's Law and the Independency of their Legislature — The Law was abrogated, and their Imperial Sovereignty recognized ! They called for a restriction of the Pension-List-It was granted. They claimed a Free Trade Bill — it was passed. They desired a Responsibility-Bill — it was admitted. They wished for the Independence of their Judges

-It followed. The Roman Catholics prayed for a restoration of their Elective Franchise — Their prayer was heard. What then do these desperate Societies 'now claim? What but the subversion of that. Constitution from whence so many blessings have been entailed upon themselves? Yes, my Lord, under the flimsy veil of a Reform in Parliament (an abstract question, little suited to the times, or to the understanding of the lower orders of Society), they are endeavouring to pull down the fabric of their government, for the purpose of substituting in its stead that hideous System of Anarchy and Plunder, which, in desolating France, has annihilated the Trade, the Industry and the Morals of her Inhabitants. This is the proved and acknowledged object of these Incendiaries. It cannot have escaped your Lordship’s notice, that for some years past they have been actively employed in the pursuit of this wicked scheme. Is it not notorious that they have leagued to deliver the Kingdom to a FOREIGN INVADER ? - Can this be to Reform the Parliament ? They have formed themselves into regular Battalions, nominated their Officers, supplied themselves with Arms, provided Gunpowder and Artillery, manufactured Pikes, sworn each other to secresy, in defiance of the Law,

ORGA. ORGANIZED their Convention on the French model, collected money, and maintained a traitorous intercourse with the Enemy. Can all this have only in view to Reform the Parliament ? Common sense rejects the supposition; and was not this traitorous plan conceived before any part of the Country was proclaimed to be in a state of disturbance?

This then, has been the state of Ireland for some years back. What was the language of Mr. Toone, the Parent Founder of these Societies? Does he not, in his Letter contained in the Report of the Secret Committee of the Irish House of Lords, unmask the object of their views at once, by roundly stating, that it is impossible to suppose the Parliament of Ireland can ever be brought to regenerate itself-that such a Reform as they might concede, would little answer public expectation that both parties in Parliament are playing their own game, and the Opposition too much connected with the Aristocracy, to be really the Friends of the People? And he farther proceeds to say, that to Reform Parliament by such means is, as if « a plaster were to be applied to the finger for a mortifi« cation in the bowels." Here then is the language of this High Priest of Sedition; and such are the tenets his Followers have adopted.

In this growing and dangerous Conspiracy against the State, the Legislature had recourse to such restrictive Laws as went in their principle to grapple with the mischief, and in their operation to protect the real Liberties of the People. For this purpose, the Laws known by the name of the Convention, Gunpowder, and Insurrection Bills, were passed, all fettering, in some degree, the views of these Revolutionary Bodies, but leaving the


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