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calle cute COTIS sent ot b the
XXI. of the Authority of a
Church. CHURCH hath power to arA range its owl order of worship, and to declare its own Faith and Discipline; yet it is not law. ful for any Church to ordain or decide anything that is contrary to God's Word written, or so to ex. pound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. As a Church ought not to deeree any. thing against Holy Scripture, so besides the same ought it not to enforce anything to be believed for necessity of Salvation, or to be done as essential to the due worship of God.
The Creeds, commonly called the Apostles' Creed, and the Ni. cene Creed-though they be not inspired-ought to be received and believed, for they may be proved by Holy Scripture. The Creed, commonly called the Athanasian Creed, with the exception of the Condemning Clauses, is retained for reference by this Church, as an ancient and valuable exposi. tion of Doetrine respecting the Trinity in Unity, and as a safeguard against erroneous teaching with regard to the proper Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ; but is not intended to be publicly read in the services of the Church.
XXIII, of the Apostate Church
of Rome. THE Church of Rome, which
claims to be “The Holy Catholic and Apostolic Roman Church, the Mother and Mistress of all Churches," is a great apostasy from the Truth of God, and is drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the inartyrs of Jesus.
The Pope, or Bishop of Rome, her head, is a usurper and an antichrist, assuming to himself universal dominion, denouncing as rebels and "Heretics" all baptized persons who reject his authority, and asserting that Heretics are to be punished with confiscation of goods, imprisonment, exile, and death,
Claiming to be the Vice-gerent of God upon earth, and to be infallible in matters of Faith and Morals (as defined by the Vatican Council of A.D. 1870), he has arrogated to himself the prerogatives of Deity, and is guilty of blasphemy against God Most High.
To the Twelve Articles of the Ancient Nicene Creed (A.D. 325), Rome added, in A.D. 1564, Twelve New Articles in the Modern Creed known as The Creed of Pope Pius IV. In A.D. 1854 she added the dogma of “The Immaculate Con. ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary ;" and yet again, in A.D. 1870, the dogma of the personal “Infallibility of the Pope."
Against such false and fatal teaching, this Protestant Church of England emphatically maintains the witness of the faithful martyrs of the period of the Reformation.
See the Homily of the Established Church of England “ Against Peril of Idolatry," Part iii.
XXII. Of the Authority of
Ecclesiastical Councils. CCLESIASTICAL Councils
(forasmuch as they are assemblies of men, whereof all are not governed by the Spirit and Word of God) inay err, and some times have erred, even in things pertaining to God. Wherefore things ordained by them as necessary to Salvation have neither force nor authority, unless it may be proved that they are taken out of Holy Scripture. No huinan Law, Decree, or Authority can override individual responsibility in things dirine, or the right and the duty of private judgment : for the individual Christian, as
XXIV. Of Ministering in the
Congregation. THOSE who would undertake
the office and work of pub
lic preaching, and of ministering to have public prayer in the the Ordinances of Christ in the Church, or to Minister the ordiCongregation, should be lawfullynances of Christ, in a tongue not called thereunto, and sent to exe understood by the people. cute the same. And those are to be considered as lawfully called and
XXVI. Of the Two Figurative gent, who, having given evidence
Ordinances of Christ (commonly of being moved to this work by
called Sacraments). the Holy Spirit, are duly appointed by men who have public au UR Lord Jesus Christ hath thority given unto them in the knit together His people in Congregation to ordain and send a visible company by certain forth Ministers into the Lord's figurative ordinances,"most few Vineyard.
in number," most easy to be kept, It is provable from Holy Scrip “most excellent in significature that Ministers who are some- tion," . viz. : Baptism and the times called Bishops and some Supper of the Lord. times Presbyters were to be Those five so-called Sacraments, ordained in every city. Among that is to say, Confirmation, Pen. these there were some, as James, ance, Orders, Matrimony, and ExTimothy and Titus, who were treme Unction, are not to be accalled to special duties as over counted as Figurative Ordinances seers in certain Churches.
of the Gospel, for that they have This Church, following these not any visible form or ceremony indications of Apostolic order, re ordained of Christ. cognises the Pastors of Congregations as Bishops or Presbyters,
XXVII. Of Baptism. and approves the selection from
D APTISM represents the death among them of certain who, for
D of believers with Christ, temporary or permanent service,
and their rising with Him to newmay be appointed to Preside and
ness of life. to Moderate, and under the title
It is a sign of proof Bishops to exercise authority
fession, whereby they publicly
declare their faith in Him. It is as Primi inter Pares. This Church, following herein
intended also as a sign of regenealso the guidance of Holy Scrip
ration or the new birth.
They that are baptized are ture, recognises the office of the Diaconate for the management of
openly grafted into the Church of
Christ. the Temporalities and Charities of the Churches, and for assisting
Repentance and faith are rethe Presbyters, as occasion may
quired of those who come to this
Ordinance, as our Lord hath said, serve, in the edifying of the Con
"he that believeth and is bapgregations of the Faithful. The
tized shall be saved." No instance appointment of Deacons may be
is recorded in the New Testament temporary or permanent; and in
of the Baptism of any who had the case of fit persons it may become a step to the order of Pres
not made a profession of their
faith in Christ. byter or Bishop. Men of good report, and inoved
• A service of Dedication is prothereto by the Spirit of Christ,
vided by this Church, whereby are at liberty to preach the Gos
parents and guardians may compel as Evangelists and Teachers,
mend their children to God's although they be not formally
gracious mercy and protection, appointed to the office of Pastor.
and devote them to the holy and
blessed service of Him Who said, XXV. Of Speaking in the Con
"Suffer the little children to gregation in such a Tongue as
come unto Me, for of such is the the People Understand.
Kingdom of God." TT is a thing plainly repugnant 1 to the Word of God, and the • See Church of England Homily custom of the Primitive Church, "of Common Prayer," page 377.
XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.
istered to all Christian people
alike. THE Supper of the Lord is a menorial of our Redemp
XXX. Of the One Oblation of tion by Christ's death, for thereby
Christ Finished Upon the Cross. we do proclaim the Lord's death till He come.
M HE Offering of Christ is that It is a symbol of the soul's feed
I perfect redemption, propi. ing on Christ; and it is a sign of
tiation, and satisfaction for the the communion that we should
sin of mankind, both original and have with one another. "For we
actual, which was once-for-all who are many are one loaf, one
made upon the cross; and there is body; for we all partake of the
none other satisfaction for sin, one loaf” (1 Cor. x. 17).
but that alone. And as there is Transubstantiation (or the
only this one sacrifice once made, change of the substance of bread
never to be repeated, so there is and wine into the very Body and
but one Priest, even Jesus Christ, Blood of Christ, in the Supper of
the Apostle and High Priest of the Lord) cannot be proved by
our profession. Wherefore any Holy Writ, is repugnant to the
representation of the Lord's Supplain words of Scripture, over
per as a sacrifice is to be rejected throweth the nature of a Symbolic
as false, and condemned as deroOrdinance, and hath given occa
gating from the Finished Sacrifice sion to many and idolatrous
of Christ; and the Romish Mass, superstitions.
or any kindred Service, in the Consubstantiation (or the doc
which it is professed that the trine that Christ is veiled under
Priest offers to God a true, proper, the unchanged bread and wine,
and propitiatory sacrifice for the and that His very Body and Blood I living and the dead. is a blasare present, in and with. though phemous fable and a pernicious separate from, the bread and wine) imposture. is without warrant of Scripture and, like transubstantiation, is
XXXI. Of Certain Erroneous productive of idolatrous errors
Doctrines and Practices. and practices. We feed on Christ in the heart,
M HE Romish Doctrines and and only after a heavenly and
I all teachings of a similar spiritual manner, by faith,
character, concerning purgatory, through His Word and by the
penance, and satisfaction, are operation of His Spirit ; and so
without support from the Word of we feed on Him whether at our
God, and are, besides, contradicprivate devotions or in our medi.
tory of the completeness and tations, or on any occasion of
sufficiency of the Redemption in Public Worship, as well as in the
Christ Jesus, of Justification by menorial service of the Lord's
Faith only, and of the effectual Supper.
working of God the Holy Spirit. The elements of the Lord's Sup
The practice of praying for the per were not by Christ's ordi.
dead rests on human tradition, nance, neither are they in this
and is in violation of the express Church to be, reserved, taken out
warnings of Almighty God to the of the Church, borne in proces
careless and unconverted. sion, lifted up, or worshipped.
The adoration of relics and
images, and the invoention of XXIX. of both Kinds.
angels, of the Virgin Mary, and
of Saints, besides that they are M HE cup of the Lord is not to grounded upon no warranty of
- be denied to any of His Scripture, are idolatrous practices people, for both the bread and the dishonouring to God, and subverwine, by Christ's ordinance and sive of the Mediatorial office of commandinent, ought to be min. | Christ.
XXXII. Of Confession and upon public profession of repenAbsolution.
tance they nay be received back DRIVATE confession of sins to
into the fellowship of the Church Ľ a priest, commonly known
by those who have authority as Auricular Confession, has no
thereunto. foundation in the Word of God, and is a human invention.
XXXV. Of the Reunion of ChrisIt makes the professed penitent
tian Churches. a slave to mere human authority, entangles both confessor and peni
HILST the divisions of tent in scruples and perplexities,
Christians are to be deand opens the way to many im.
plored as evil in tendency and moralities.
fact, as a hindrance to the success If one sin against his fellow of the Gospel, and as dishonouring man, the Scripture requires him to the Great Head of the Church to make confession to the offended yet the reunion of the Churches person; and so also if one sin and must be sought, and can only be bring scandal upon the Christian
successfully accomplished, in the Society of which he is a mem
return of all branches of the
Christian Church to simplicity of But in any and every case, con- | taitn and practice as determined fession is still to be made to God: by Holy Scripture, and by each for all sins are committed against
nmitted against believer drawing closer to the Him, as well such as offend our Lord Jesus Christ in faith and fellow-man, as those that offend obedience, and so of necessity apHim alone.
proaching nearer to all his fellowPriestly absolution is a blasphe Christians. mous usurpation of the sole prerogative of God.
XXXVI. Of the Observance of
the Christian Sabbath, commonXXXIIL. Of the Marriage of
ly called the Lord's Day. Ministers. CHRISTIAN Ministers are not
VTTHILE we maintain that a
VV Church may appoint other commanded by God's Law either to vow the estate of single days of solemn observance, we life, or to abstain from marriage : 1 judge that the Sabbath alone is therefore it is lawful for them, as
of Divine authority and perfor all other Christian men, to
petual obligation. marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to XXXVII. Of Christian Men's serve better to godliness.
Goods, which are not common.
THE riches and goods of XXXIV. Of Church Discipline. [ Christians are not comDERSONS who occasion scan
mon, as touching the right, title, I dal to the Christian Society
and possession of the same. Notby im pugning Holy Scripture, or
withstanding, every man ought, by the rejection of any of the
of such things as he possesseth, fundamental Articles of the Chris
liberally to give alms to the poor tian Faith, or by immorality, or
according to his ability, and to other flagrant offence against the
aid in the extension of the KingLaw of God and the Precepts of
dom of Christ. the Gospel, may be justly ex. cluded from the Church and its
XXXVIII. of Civil Magisordinances, and marked dis
trates. approval of their conduct should be manifested; but at the same M HE Queen's Majesty hath tiine they should be exhorted and 1 the chief power in this encouraged to put away their sin Realm of England, and other her and return to God, in order that Dominions, unto whom the civil Government of all Estates of this Princes in Holy Scriptures by God Realın doth appertain, but hath Himself; that is that they should no authority in things purely rule all estates and degrees comSpiritual. We give not to our mitted to their charge by God, and princes the ministering either of minister true judgment unto the God's Word, or of the ordinances people. The Bishop of Rome of Christ; but that only pre neither hath nor ought to have any rogative, which we see to have jurisdiction within our Sovereign's been given always to all godly | Dominions.
A CONCLUDING EXHORTATION.
ALL Ministers of this Church are exhorted to remind and warn
their Flocks of the manifold development of those signs of the times, and special indications of the approach of the Second Advent, which our Blessed Lord Himself has given.
A Spirit of watchfulness and prayer, and a diligent discharge of the duties of their several stations in life, should characterize all the professed followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who has said, "Blessed is that servant whom his Lord, when He cometh, shall find so doing."