A System of Natural Philosophy: In which the Principles of Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Acoustics, Optics, Astronomy, Electricity, and Magnetism, are Familiarly Explained, and Illustrated by More Than Two Hundred Engravings : to which are Added, Questions for the Examination of Pupils : Designed for the Use of Schools and Academies
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angle appear atmosphere attraction axis ball barrel becomes body called cause centre circle colors common consequence convex described diameter direction distance earth eclipse effect electric equal equator exactly experiment Explain fall feet figure fixed fluid focus force give glass gravity greater half hand heat hence illustrated inches inclined increased kind length lens less lever light machine magnetic manner matter means mercury metals miles minutes mirror moon motion move natural nearly object observed obvious opposite orbit parallel particles pass piece piston planets poles position pounds pressure principle produced proportion pump quantity raised rays rays of light reason reflected refracted represented respect revolve rise round screw seen side sound space stars substances Suppose surface thrown tion tube turned velocity vessel weight wheel whole
Page 2 - In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned.
Page 2 - ... encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.'/ CHARLES A.
Page 207 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts called degrees, and each degree into 60 equal parts called minutes, and each minute into 60 equal parts called seconds, and these into thirds, fourths, &c.
Page 238 - ... by which it is illustrated, that the sun constantly shines on a portion of the earth equal to 90 degrees north, and 90 degrees south from his place in the heavens, and consequently, that he always enlightens 180 degrees, or one half of the earth. If, therefore, the axis of the earth were perpendicular to the plane of its orbit, the days and nights would...
Page 12 - When a piece of wood is heated in a close vessel, such as a retort, we obtain water, an acid, several kinds of gas, and there remains a black, porous substance, called charcoal. The wood is thus decomposed or destroyed, and its particles take a new arrangement, and assume new forms ; but that nothing is lost, is proved by the fact, that if the water, acid...
Page 217 - Different opinions have been entertained by astronomers respecting the cause of these belts and spots. By some they have been regarded as clouds, or as openings in the atmosphere of the planet, while others imagine that they are of a more permanent...
Page 130 - As yet, the oldest sailors had not perceived even a threatening in the sky, and were surprised at the extent and hurry of the preparations: but the required measures were not completed, when a more awful hurricane burst upon them than the most experienced had ever braved. Nothing could withstand it; the sails already furled and closely bound to the yards, were riven away in tatters; even the bare yards and masts were in great part disabled; and at one time the whole rigging had nearly fallen by the...
Page 266 - The ebbing and flowing of the sea, which regularly takes place twice in 24 hours, are called the tides. The cause of the tides, is the attraction of the sun and moon, but chiefly of the moon on the waters of the ocean. In virtue of the universal principle of gravitation...