Virgil: in two volumes, Volume 1
VIRGIL (Publius Vergilius Maro), was born in 70 B.C. near Mantua and was educated at Cremona, Milan and Rome. Slow in speech, shy in manner, thoughtful in mind, weak in health, he went back north for a quiet life. Influenced by the group of poets there, he may have written some of the doubtful poems included in our Virgilian manuscripts. All his undoubted extant work is written in his perfect hexameters. Earliest comes the collection of ten pleasingly artificial bucolic poems, the Eclogues, which imitated freely Theocritus' idylls. They deal with the pastoral life and love. Before 29 B.C. came one of the best of all didactic works, the four books of Georgics on tillage, trees, cattle, bees. Virgil's remaining years were spent in composing his great, not wholly finished, epic the Aeneid, on the traditional theme of Rome's origins through Aeneas of Troy. Inspired by the Emperor Augustus' rule, the poem is Homeric in metre and method but influenced by later Greek and Roman literature, philosophy and learning, and deeply Roman in spirit. Virgil died in 19 B.C. in Greece, where he intended to round off the Aeneid. He had left in Rome a request that all its twelve books should be destroyed if he were to die then, but they were published by the executors of his will.