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tion of the ground lines, and the points to which they smaliy tend.
0 far has Devastation extended
her widely-wasting influence over the noble works of our‘Ancestors, that, of the numerous religious and other foundations with which London and its environs have from the earliest periods abounded, but the scattered fragments of a few new exist, and of many the name alone remains. 0f the desolated walls that existed after the general destruction of former buildings, they were either constructed into manufactories or warehouses, or totally demolished by succeeding innovators for the value of the materials; thus either hiding the little interesting fragments they might contain, from the observation of the curious, or at once razing the last memorial to the ground to oc
'cupy. its site by the busy works of
mercantile speculations. Among the most curious and interesting that have been discovered of late, are‘ the long-hidden vestiges of Winchester Palace, near the Monaster of St. Mary Overy in Southwa
c'umstance under the present could have thrown so much lightvupon, or afforded so many opporlunities for
discovering the original extent, and magnificence, of this grand residencei of the Bishops ofthat See; being for 'y ,
find the circular window in the gable, tbrminatiug the 'wall at that point, Curious and uncommon from its very
shientific commixture of triangular G'o'rnpartmenls, centered by hexangular ditto. As the triangles themselves are formed of three sides, so doth each contain three turns: the mystic three is further seen in the tracery on the sides of the hexangulnr compartment. On the left, North, and bearing towards the Thames, are remnants of the front on that aspect in a window, dado, &c. On the right is nearly the whole elevation on that side, containing capacious windows; the avenue cut through the wall is likewise noticeable. In the distance, part of the tower of St. Mary Overy’s church.
The geometrical delineation of the circular window, its centre, and mouldings in profile, ascertain the
principle on which it is constructed.
Thc general plan shows the distribution. MAG. December, 1514;"
many years closely surrounded by high warehouses, and narrow streets
and lanes, defying the utmost dili- if,
gence of antiquarian investigation; But the dreadful calamity which has haplienedlto the buildings occupying this spot, ofi'ers to the curious ample room both for the pencil and the pen; and we cannot but remark how the elegant fragment now proudly towers over every other object near, while the rotten walls of modern work lie prostrate beneath it. Having before and since the fire devoted considerable attention to this place, and collected various information relative thereto, I am induced to senda few particulars in addition to those already inserted by your able Correspondent Mr. Curter-;+and here permit me to say, for it is a. tribute that is due, and will be paid )s l' u Ml")
g! '. ' 'f '
by every man of impartial judgment —-that the indefatigable exertions of that excellent Antiquar are such, as must ever excite in al those who are capable of estimating the true value of our Ancient Architecture, the utmost admiration and applause. Though it will be impossible to compress within the narrow limits now allotted every articular date connected with the istory of this building from the first foundation to its dis~ solntion (nor perhaps will it he deemed necessary); yett shall endeavour to glance at the most prominent occurrences, to convey a general idea of its antiquity, magnificence, and present state.
The original founder and builder was Wm. Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, by whose munificence the stupendous pile was erected about 1107 on a piece of ground belonging to t e Prior of Bermondsey, to whom was paid a yearly acknowledgement) as a residence for himself and successors, who chiefly occupied it during the sitting, of Parliament; and it seems to have been habitable so late as the Civil-wars, when it lost its consequence, and was never after used by a Dignitary of the Church, but honverted into a Prison for the Royalists, several of distinction being lodged in it during the dreadful commotions of those times.
In its pristine state it chiefly consisted of ten courts, bounded on the South by a fine park, and beautiful gardens, which were decorated with statues, fountains, and a variety of superb decorations; on the North by, the noble River Thames, to which was a spacious terrace, part of the bank wall still remaining; on the East by the Priory; and on the West by a large plot of ground called Paris Gardens. Such was the state when sold to Sir Thomas Walker, anno l649, who did not long possess it before the buildings were demolished, with the park, &c. and the ground let on lease. A great entertainment was given here in the time of Bishop Beaufort, who, being made Cardinal of St. Eusebius in'France, was, on his approach to London, met by the Mayor, Aldermen, and some of the principal citizens, on horseback, who conducted him with great pomp to his magnificent palace. Many sets ofsnceeeding Prelates were dated
at this place, it being their chief residence; but it was finally deserted for the Episcopal Palace at Chelsea. From a splendid perfect mansion, surrounded by every useful and ornamental work of art, and by its situation eminently conspicuous and bean-4 tiful, we now turn our eyes to a few solitary fragments, which alone denote the existence of former grandeur; and cannot but regret to observe the ravages of less than two centuries have been so far extended as almost entirely to obliterate the appearance of having been one of the most extensive on the banks of
115 feet, and Eastward of it about
80 feet. There is little doubt but that the former space was the Hall ; and it may _be remarked as uncomwon, that the chiefentrance was at the East end ; but the distribution of the different parts of the whole edifice, and its relative situation with the adjoining abbey, were probably the reasons For this deviation from a. rule which with former builders seems to be established. The circular window in the gable ma be noticed as highly curious; and t ough there are examples of this kind in the roofs of balls, they are by no means
common; and, not excepting that in a
the ruins of the fine episcopal Palace at St. David’s, South Wales, I am inclined to think this the bandsomest: in the United Kingdom. The design of tracery is altogether novel and intricate, and the centre of the circle peculiarly beautiful; its diameter 12 feet. It is probably as old as the reign of Edward the First. At the N. E. angle of the wall in which it is contained is a. pier and part of a connecting arch, which led to the court before the triple doors of the hall. The range of windows in the South wall are nearly entire through the extreme length; but: of the _North a small fragment, and the intervening foundations, only remain. The arches are mostly of a"fiat character, and but few mouldings, though two doors in the lower story are very elegant and ofhigh antiquity; but the accumulation of rubbish is so great, that they are with difficulty to be seen;
' ‘ I was
HEN last we met in the House
of Mourning upon a sad and melancholy occasion, mutually so to each of us; you will recollect, that part of our conversation turned upon a ceremony in the oflice of private baptism administered to infants. We then had a friendly difi'erence of opinion, not respecting the sacrament itself, but merely relative to the ceremony of taking the infant in our arms.
Having since thought that some loose and scattered observations, not magisterially delivered, upon the subject which we discussed, as well as upon some other topicks of Church Duty, might prove acceptable to you, as well as to some other of my younger friends, 1 here submit them to the public eye.
On the practice, which, as you seem to think, is very general, in the private baptism of infants, or in what is'commonly and vulgarly called, by abusio cucis, half-baptising the child, give me leave to draw the attention of your mind to the following interesting considerations.
In the introduction of any one new ,ccrem‘on'yhhe' it ever so insignificant, or “scythe omission of those m-
rites and ceremonies which have been long in usage, and established in our Church by authdritymo clergyman, consistently with histprofession, can think himself justifie by exercising his privatejudgment. Previous to his having received episcopal ordinalion, he was bounden by no ecclesiastical restriction: but was- at full liberty to act as a Conformist, or as a Non-conformist, to the discipline of our Church. But, when he became a candidate for Holy Orders, and by the laying on of the hands of the Bishop and of the priests, he was admitted to be a priest of the-temple; from that time, having enlisted him; self under the banner of the Cross, he voluntarily and solemnly en aged to act, and live, as a dutiful and obedient son and servant of the Church. As a guide, and pastor, of the flock, he had now one plain rule of conduct to follow; and that is chalked out in an easy character in every rubrick which is annexed to the difl‘erent oliices of our Church. To that rubrick I shall now refel' you, to decide how far my opinion stands on solid ground, when l assert, that the ofliciatin clergyman in the oflice of private aptisrn, not “16% the infant in his arms, but sprinkli g the child with the consecrated water whilst it reclines on the arms of unother, misunderstands his duty from an error injudgment. ‘ ‘ ' In the oflice for the publicbaptism of infants, the precise time'is marked out, when the priest, as thz rubrick directs, is to take the chil in his arms. He then requires the name; .and proceeds to the'lct 6f the sacrament itself. " ' ‘ In the office for the private-ha 'tism of infants, the minister is" irected to call upon God—to sol the Lord’s Prayer, and so many 0 the Collects appointed to be said before in the form of public baptism, as the time and present exigeuce _ will suffer. And then the child being named by some one that is present, the minister shall pour water upon it, and baptise it. '- ‘ ‘ ' Nothing having been said in'who‘se arms the child should be holdet'l'," the previous direction in the'rtlhriclt f0? 'public baptism has a claim'ot' preference, and therefore justly requim us to observe the same form and
ceremony. But a cause of ditference is migled in the assertion that the child is only half-baptised.
There seems to be a visible impropriety in this mode of phraseology; which, without giving a single thought to its inconsistency, with the multitude too many of us have adopted.
Agreeable to this common acceptation, to be half-baptised, is to divide an indivisible sacrament into two equal parts: and having performed one rt, there is aremaindcr to be
up upon some future occasion.
But, whether we regard the public or the private baptism of infants, undoubtedly the sacrament is one and the same. We cannot administer it by halves. And the child in the latter case is fully and wholly bap-_ tiled. as far as the virtue and eflicaey ofthat holy sacrament extends, whichv our Heavenly Lord and Master instituted‘and ordained in the Catholic Chwch.
Theisubse uentpart of the office looks to a di 'erent concern, whether we have respect to the infant, or to the God-fathers and God-mothers who have brought it to the font. '
From hence roceed we to another Ofiee in our C urch. I '
A very common neglect, which has, arisen from not sufliciently attending to the rubrick, has already introduced some innovation into our church service, and, by gradually creeping on, may be productive of much more.
At the burial of the dead, the rubrick directs that the priest and clerks, meeting the corpse at the entrance of the church-yard, shall any, or sing, I am the resurrection and Use life, &c. 4
It also directs, that after the sublime Lesson from St. Paul’s Epistle to the Corinthians, when they come to the grave, the priest shall say, or the priest and the clerks shall sing, Man "In! is born of a woman hath but a short time to live, &c. ' > Should a funeral oration be here introduced, however impressively so ever it might be delivered, or how ckgnntly‘soever it might be conltnlcted, who would not catch some alarm at the novelty? And yet, not less heterogeneom is the motley introduction of Watts’s Hymns. But, whatsoever 'piety maybe ascribed to -- or whatsoever seraphic
strains of devotion to his poet? ; 'we surely do not stand in need 0 ._call-' ing in Sectarian assistance to mode-v rate and assuage the iet' of the mourner, or to raise t e voices of the sweet sin ers at the grave.
Sweetly p casing to my 'ear as al;' most all sacred musick proves, I do not reconcile to the consistency ant! propriety of our Church duty the: unauthorised introduction of tho. Morning and Evening Hymn. ‘ l ’
It is not sufficient to say, that the Hymns are excellent in their nature; or that the congregation are pleased with the harmony; or improved by such melodious devotion. For, against all the prescribed order and regularity of our Church service; such a novel introduction strongly' militatcs. - '
I shall expose myself to be ridi-v culed as an old-fashioned fellow, or strongly tinctured ,with prejudice for the quaint poetry~ of Sternhold and Hopkins, did 1 say any thing in (Lispraise of the psalms and hymns and tones composed for the different chapels in the Metropolis. B'ut thus much, regard for truth, and aversion from the increase of innovation, will compel me to assert, that, when the clergyman in the pulpit has mended in his own conceit the Lord’s Prayer, and the clerk from his desk has delivered out his psalm, and directed you to turn to page Q—they deal ii smuggled goods. Neither the'one’ nor the other have any sanction for so doing. ‘ J ' The only version of the Psalms, aL lowed by authority to be sung in all churches, is that of Slernhold and Hopkins; or the new version by Tate and Brady. Consequently, every other hymn and psalni is spurious and illegitimate, and ought not to be used in our churches as a surreptitious introduction.
Having brought forward into public view the metrical composition of poor Sternhold and Hopkins, Which has long lain unnoticed, or in con; tempt, I shall only cursu’rily observe“, that some few of their psalms are beautifully and poetically composedi and that some,few also are set to tunes most musical, which have a tendency to fill the soul with an exalted s irit of devotion. Cold must be the cart u 'on- which the Shh, the 84th,anii t e [04th Psalms have made.