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tion, reading aloud, and conversation. Candidates who satisfy the Examiners in this portion of the Examination as well as in that conducted on paper, will have a special note to that effect added to their Certificates.
In Section B Candidates must satisfy the Delegates in the general outlines of Greek History from B.C. 510 to the death of Alexander the Great, and of Roman History from the beginning of the First Punic war to the accession of Nerva, and must shew an accurate knowledge of one of the following periods: 1. From the outbreak of the Peloponnesian war to the peace of Antalcidas. 2. From the accession of Philip of Macedon to the death of Alexander. 3. From the beginning of the Second Punic war to the destruction of Carthage. 4. From the death of Sulla to the death of Augustus.
In Section C Candidates must satisfy the Delegates in the general outlines of English History from the accession of Henry II to the Revolution of 1688, and shew an accurate knowledge of one of the following periods:
1. The thirty years' war. 2. The reign of Louis XIV. 3. The accession of Charles I to the Revolution of 1688.
In Section D Candidates must satisfy the Delegates in
1. Algebra, including quadratic equations and the simplest properties of Ratio and Proportion. 2. Euclid, Books I-IV. 3. The elements of Mechanics, including the properties of matter, the composition and resolution of forces, centre of gravity, the simple machines and the application of virtual velocities to them, the laws of motion, the laws of falling bodies, and the motion of projectiles.
In Section E Candidates must satisfy the Delegates in the elements of 1. PHYSICS; 2. CHEMISTRY. They will also be permitted to offer for Examination the elements of 3. BIOLOGY; 4. GEOLOGY.
1. PHYSICS. Candidates will be examined in (1) Mechanics, and in one at least of the following subjects, viz.: (2) Heat; (3) Light and Sound; (4) Magnetism and Electricity. The extent to which these subjects will be required is represented by their treatment in Ganot's "Elementary Treatise on Physics" or Deschanel's Elementary Treatise on Natural Philosophy," translated by Professor Everett.
Candidates will be examined in this subject to the extent represented by Roscoe's "Lessons in Elementary Chemistry," to page 289.
They must also pass a practical Examination, which will comprise the analysis of single substances, and such elementary exercises as are included in Harcourt and Madan's "Exercises in Practical Chemistry."
3. BIOLOGY. Candidates will be examined in
(1) The Elements of General Biology to the extent represented by Huxley and Martin's "Elementary Biology."
Examination for Honours.
(2) Botany to the extent represented by Bentley's "Manual of
(3) Animal Physiology to the extent represented by Huxley's "Elemen-
Candidates must also pass a practical Examination in which they will be required to dissect and describe plants and parts of plants, and such common animals as are given in Huxley and Martin's "Elementary Biology."
4. GEOLOGY. Candidates will be examined in this subject to the extent represented by Sir C. Lyell's "Student's Elements of Geology." They must also pass a practical Examination in which they must shew an acquaintance with the general characters of the more common rocks and fossils.
Candidates who pass in Section E may offer any two of the four subjects on a future occasion.
In Section F Candidates must satisfy the Delegates in
1. The Elements of Logic to the extent represented by Whately's
2. THE EXAMINATION FOR HONOURS will include eight sections. No Candidate will be examined in more than one of these sections at the same Examination. Candidates will be divided into three classes in each section, according to their merits, and the names in each class will be placed in alphabetical order. The Delegates will place in the highest class such only as shew great proficiency. The eight sections will be
1. English. 2. Latin and Greek. 3. German, French, Italian, and Spanish. 4. Mathematics, Pure and Mixed. 5. Ancient History, with Latin and Greek Texts. 6. Modern History, with Original Texts. 7. Philosophy. 8. Physical Science.
1. English. Papers will be given on English Literature from Chaucer to Wordsworth, and on the philology and growth of the English Language. The following authors must be specially studied.
Chaucer. The Prologue; The Knightes
Piers the Plowman (Skeat).
Spenser's Faery Queen, Books I and II.
Tempest. Bacon. Essays.
Dryden. Absalom and Achitophel, Part I.
Pope. Essay on Man.
Johnson. Lives of Milton, Dryden, Pope. Burke. On Present Discontents. Wordsworth. Poems of Fancy and Imagination. [See Moxon's Edition in six volumes. Vol. 2.]
Milton. Minor Poems (omitting Comus); Paradise Lost, I-IV; Areopagitica. 2. Latin and Greek. composition in these languages, of papers on the philology and grammar of the languages, and of unprepared passages for translation into English. Papers will also be set on the following books which must be specially studied.
Byron. Childe Harold, Cantos 3, 4. This Examination will consist of
Virgil. Georgics; Æneid I-VI.
Homer. Odyssey I-XII.
Sophocles. Antigone; Electra; Ed.
Euripides. Medea; Alcestis; Bacchæ;
Demosthenes. De Coronâ.
3. German, French, Italian, and Spanish. didates must offer German and one at least of the other three languages. The Examination will consist of composition in the languages offered; of papers on the philology and grammar of these languages; and of unprepared passages for translation into English. Papers will also be set on the following books which must be specially studied.
El principe constante; El magico prodigioso; Darlo todo y no dar nada; Fineza contra fineza. Cervantes. Don Quijote, Part II. Solis. Historia de la conquista de Méjico. The Certificates issued to the Candidates will specify the languages in which they have gained distinction.
A vivá voce Examination in the Modern Languages for such as desire it will be held in Oxford and at such other large Centres as the Delegates may appoint. This will comprise writing from dictation, reading aloud, and conversation. Candidates who satisfy the
Examiners in this portion of the Examination as well as in that conducted on paper, will have a special note to that effect added to their Certificates.
Candidates who pass in this Section may offer any two of the selected languages on a future occasion.
4. Mathematics. Pure and Mixed. Papers will be set in
Trigonometry, Plane and Spherical.
Pure Geometry, and the Elements of
The Elements of Differential and In-
The Elements of Optics.
The Elements of Astronomy.
5. Ancient History, &c. Papers will be set on Greek History from the earliest times to the death of Demosthenes, B.C. 322, and on Roman History from the earliest times to the death of Domitian. The following modern authors are recommended for study:-in Greek History, Grote, Curtius, Boeckh (Public Economy of Athens); in Roman History, Mommsen, Ihne, Merivale (Romans under the Empire). Candidates must offer in addition the following books, from the text of which passages will be set. Livy I-X, or XXI-XXX.
Caesar, De Bello Gallico.
Caesar, De Bello Civili.
6. Modern History, &c. Papers will be set on (1) the History of England, including Constitutional History, to the Accession of Queen Victoria; (2) one of the following special periods of History, both English and Foreign, to be known accurately, viz. From the Great Charter to the Accession of Edward IV, with Joinville, Matthew Paris (1235-1259), and Froissart (from the beginning of Edward III's war in France to the deposition of Richard II). Or, From the Accession of Edward IV to the death of Elizabeth, with Bacon's Henry VII, Cavendish's Wolsey, and Philip de Commines. Passages for explanation and translation will be set from the text of these authors.
The following books are recommended for study :
I. ON ENGLISH HISTORY. (1) Constitutional History:-Stubbs' Select Charters and Constitutional History; Hallam's Middle Ages and Constitutional History; May's Constitutional History. (2) General History:-Lappenberg's Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman Kings, (or Kemble's Saxons in England) with Freeman's OldEnglish History; Lingard's History of England, from Henry II; Ranke's English History. For the Hanoverian period no books are recommended, but Candidates are required to supplement their study of Hallam and May by an adequate knowledge of the continuous political history. This head of examination must be taken to include the social and literary history, and the history of the growth of the English Colonies and Dependencies.
II. ON THE SPECIAL PERIODS (in addition to the books named above). (1) Milman's Latin Christianity; Hallam's Middle Ages; Coxe's House of Austria; Michelet's Histoire de France. Or (2) Robertson's Charles V; Coxe's House of Austria; Ranke's History of the Popes and History of Germany during the period of the Reformation; Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo de' Medici and Life of Leo X; Sismondi's Histoire des Français.
7. Philosophy. In this Section general papers will be set. Candidates must also offer at least two of the following groups of books, which must be specially studied. Passages will be set from the text of the books selected. If only two groups be offered (4) may not be combined with either (2) or (5), and (6) and (7) may not be taken together. (1) Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics;
Elementa Logices Aristoteleae
Plato. Protagoras, Gorgias, Phi-
(2) Bacon. Novum Organon.
Descartes. Discours de la Méthode.
Locke. Essay on the Human Understanding.
Leibnitz. Nouveaux Essais Philosophiques.
(3) Berkeley. Treatise on the Prin-
Hume. Treatise of Human Nature.
künftigen Metaphysik; Grundle-
Mansel. Prolegomena Logica.
(5) Mackintosh. Introduction to Ethical
Butler. Preface and Three Sermons
on Human Nature, with the Dissertation on Virtue. Bentham. Treatise of Legislation, by Dumont, translated by Hildreth: Introduction (Principles of Legislation); Civil Code, Parts I, II; Penal Code, Parts I, II. Mill. Utilitarianism. Sidgwick. Methods of Ethics. (6) Aristotle. Politics.
Maine. Ancient Law; Early Institutions.
Cornewall Lewis. Use and Abuse of Political Terms. Bagehot. English Constitution. (7) Bluntschli. Staatsrecht.
De Tocqueville. De la Démocratie en Amérique.
Blanqui. Histoire d'Économie Politique.
Adam Smith. Wealth of Nations (except Book IV).
Mill. Political Economy (except Book IV); on representative Government; on Liberty. History of Philosophy will be
A general acquaintance with the required, and Candidates will also be expected to shew a more detailed knowledge of the periods and branches of philosophy specially represented by the groups of authors offered.
8. Physical Science. Candidates must shew an acquaintance with one or more of the following subjects, viz.: I. PHYSICS. 2. CHEMISTRY. 3. BIOLOGY. 4. GEOLOGY.
1. PHYSICS. Candidates must shew an accurate general knowledge of Physics; they will also be allowed to present themselves for a more detailed examination in one or more of the following branches of Physics, viz.: (1) Sound; (2) Heat; (3) Light; (4) Electricity and Magnetism. For the highest honours a Mathematical treatment of these subjects will be required.
2. CHEMISTRY. Candidates will be examined in the following subjects: (1) Chemical Physics; (2) Inorganic Chemistry; (3) Organic Chemistry; (4) General and Theoretical Chemistry.
There will also be a practical Examination which will comprise (5) The Qualitative Analysis of Inorganic Substances; (6) The Quantitative Analysis of Inorganic Substances. The use of books will be allowed to Candidates in the Practical Examination.
3. BIOLOGY. Candidates will be examined in the general principles of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.