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above-mentioned, d. in June 1591, and was buried in his chapel at Ashford, having had issue seven sons and six daughters. Of the sons, Andrew, the eldest, d. an infant. Sir Joh N, the 2d, was ancestor of the viscounts Strangford. Sir Thomas, the 3d, was ambassador to Russia in 1604, and d. 1625; he m. Sarah, da, and h. of William Blount, esq., (who m., 2dly, Robert §: 1st earl of Leicester,) by whom he had 2 sons, sir John, the eldest, m. Isabella Rich, youngest da. of Robert, earl of Warwick, and left issue, Robert Smythe, of Bounds, co. Kent, who m. Dorothy Sydney, eldest da. of Robert, 2d earl of Leicester. This branch terminated in sir Sydney-Stafford o: lord chief baron of the exchequer, who d. 1777. Sir Richard Smythe, of Leeds Castle, co. Kent, (the 5th son of the Customer,) d. in 1628, and on the death of his only son, sir John Smythe, in 1632, s.p., his daughters became his co-heirs. Sir John SMYTHE (eldest son of Thomas Smythe, the Customer, and Alice Judde, aforesaid) was b. 1556, and was sheriff of Kent, 42 Eliz. He m., in 1578, Elizabeth, sole da. and h. of John Fineux, esq., of Hawhouse in Herne, in that county, (son of sir John Fineux, chief justice of England,) and thereby considerably augmented his estate, obtaining the manors of Whitstable, Bonnington, North Court, and Sturry, toether with the representation offhe ancient amily of Apulderfield, of which Kilburn, in his survey of Kent, says, that in his time, (1650,) “they could be traced for upwards of five hundred years.” Sir John Smythe d. 29 Nov. 1608, and was buried with his father in Ashford church, leaving issue, 2 das, Katherine, m. sir Henry Baker, bart., and Elizabeth, m. sir Henry Neville, of Billingbear, co. Berks, and an only son, Sir THOMAS SMYTHE, of Ostenhanger, and Ashford, 1st viscount, who was made knight of the Bath in 1625, and was created viscount Strangford, 17 July 1628. He m. lady Barbara Sydney, 7th da. of Robert, 1st earl of Leicester, K.G., and niece of the memorable sir Philip Sydney, and d. at Hungerford House in the Strand, on 30 June 1635, was buried in his chapel at Ashford, where his magnificent monument, and those of his father and grandfather, still remain. He had issue by the lady Barbara, (who m., 2dly, sir Thomas Colepepper,) 4 das., Barbara, m. Peter Rycaut, of Eastwell, co. Kent, esq., Elizabeth, Philippa, and Dorothy, and 1 son, PHILIP, 2d viscount, b. in 1634, m., 1st, 22 Aug. 1650, his cousin-german, the lady Isabella Sydney, }%. da. of Robert Sydney, 2d earl of Leicester, (by the lady Dorothy, da. of Henry Percy, 9th earl of Northumberland,) by whom he had an only child, DIANA, b. 1660, who m. John Aelst, of Eleham, co. Kent, and d. his widow 1691, s.p. Isabella, viscountess Strangford, d; June 1663, and the viscount m., 2dly, about November following, Mary, da. of George Porter, esq., eldest son of Endymion Porter, groom of the bedchamber to Charles I., by his wife, Olivia, (4th da. of John, lord Bôteler, of Bramfield, by Elizabeth, sister to George Williers, the favourite duke of Buckingham,) and by her (who d. 13 Nov. 1730) had issue, 1. CHARLEs, b. 1664, d. young. 2. PHILIP, d. Aug. 1674. 3. GEORGE, b. 1672, d. Nov. 1703, unm.

4. John, d. Nov. 1681, unm. 5. ENDY MION, 3d viscount. 6. Thomas, d. Jam. 1696–7. 7. ElizaBETH, b. 1666, m., before March 1707–8, Henry Audley, of Bear Church, co. Essex, esq., and d. 25 Jan. 1732. 8. OLIVIA, b. 1671, m., Feb. 1698–9, John Darell, of Cale Hill, co. Kent, esq., and d. 15 Jan. 1753. 9. MARY, d. Oct. 1680, unm. 10. KATHERINE-CLARE, b. Aug. 1683, m. Henry, 8th lord Teynham. The viscount d. Aug. 1708, and was succeeded by his only son, ENDY Mio N, 3d viscount, b. March 1681–2, took his seat in parliament 12 Nov. 1715, m., at St. Martin's, in London, Anne-Elizabeth, da. of mons. le Larget, of Chalons, in France, and dying 9 Sept. 1724, had issue by her (who d. in Holland, June 1764, having m., 2dly, general Vander Horst, of that country) an only child. PHILIP, 4th viscount, LL.D., dean of Derry, b. 14 March 1715, m., in 1741, Mary, da, of Ano Jephson, esq., of Moyallow, co. Cork, and had issue, 1. MARY-ANNE, b. 1745, d. 13 July 1823, tayana. 2. ANNE-PHILIPPA, b. 1749, d. 1 Oct. 1830, too???. 3. Robert; 4. PHILIP ; 5. FRANCEs, all d. young. 5. LIONEL, 5th viscount. The viscount d. 29 April 1787, and was succeeded by his only son, Lion EL, 5th viscount, b. 19 May 1753, who embraced the military profession at a very early age, served many campaigns in North America with distinction, and was severely wounded at the battle of Brandywine. In 1785, he entered into holy orders, m., 4 Sept. 1779, at New York, in North America, Maria-Eliza, eldest da. of Frederick Philipse, esq., of Philipsburgh in that rovince, by whom (who d. 5 April 1838,) e had issue, 1. PERCY-CLINTON - SYDNEY, 6th viscount. 2. Eliza-MARIA, b. 5 Sept. 1781, m., 14 June 1824, James Sullivan, of Dublin, M.D. 3. Lion EL - CHARLEs - HEwiTT, b. 28 March 1783, d. 27 Nov. 1787. 4. Louis A-SARAH - SYDNEY., b. 2 March 1785, m., 17 Nov. 1807, John Eld, of Seighford, co. Stafford, esq. His lordship d. 1 Oct. 1801, and was succeeded by his only son, PER cy-CLiNTon-Sydney, 6th and present viscount STRANGFORD.

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FRANCIS TAAFFE, Wiscount TAAFFE, of Corren, and Baron of Ballymote, co. Sligo, a Count of the Holy Roman Empire, a Major in the Austrian army, and Chamberlain and Chief Master of the Horse to the Emperor of Austria ; born 23 May 1788; succeeded his father, Rodolphus, the 7th viscount, 7 June 1830; married, 11 April 1811, Antonia Amadée de Varkony, of Hungary, Lady of the Order of the Starry

Cross of Vienna.

sta John T.A.A.Fre, knt., descended from a family of great antiquity in the counties of Louth and oligo, was created. 4 Aug. 1628, baron of hal'vote, and viscount Taaffe of corren, co. Sligo, and died in 1642, having had issue 14 sons and 3 daTHEob ALD, the eldest -on, and 2-1 v count, was created earl of Carlingford in 1661. The earldom became extinct on the death of his grandson, THEob ALI), the 4th earl and oth viscount, in 1733; when the viscounty and baruny devolved on his second cousin, Nicho LAs, only won of Francia Taaffe, and grandson of william Taaffe, oth -on of the 1st viscount, who succeeded as the 6th viscount and baron. He was a count of the holy Roman empire, chamberlan to the emperor Charles V. I., and a lieut.-gen. and col. of a regiment in the Austrian service; and was sed of a considerable estate in Silesia. His lordship distinguished himself highly, by the name of count Taaffe, during the war with the Turks, in 1738. Viscount Nicholas had m-, 30 Oct. 1729, Maria-Anna, countess Spendler, of Lintz, in Upper Austria, of an ancient and illustrious family of the empire, and a lady of the bedchamber to the empress Maria-Theresa; and his issue by her. (who d. at the castle of Ellischaw, in Bohemia, 21 Nov. 1769, ) 1. Count Joux-Philip Ta arre, an inperial aulic councillor, and chamberlain to their imperial malesties, b. 1 Feb. 1733. m., 1 Feb. 1759, Maria, countess Choteck, of Bohemia, and d. in the lifetime of his father, at Gorlitz, 11 Dec. 1765, leaving issue, i."foolito. 2. Count John Taarre, b. in London, 28 June 1764, m. Anne, countess Harsch, b. 2 Jan. 1766, a lady of the order of the starry cross, and left issue an only son, Count Joseph Taaffe, b. 8 Dec. 1791. 2. Count FRANcis-Nicholas Taafre, b. 1 Jan. 1738, chamberlain to their imperial majesties, and a general in the Austrian service. He m., in London, 22 Dec. 1770, Frances-Maria, da. of John Bellew, lord Bellew, and had no issue by her (who d. 7

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THOMAS-HERON JONES, V1scount RANELAGH, co. Wicklow, Baron of Navan; succeeded his father, Thomas, the late viscount, 4 July

1820.

Roge:R Jon Es (son of Thomas Jones, archbishop of Dublin, who d. 1619, and grandson of sir Roger Jones, knt., alderman of Dublin,) was created, 25 Aug. 1628, baron Jones and viscount Ranelagh, m. Frances, 2d da. of Gerald Moore, ist viscount Drogheda, and had issue by her (who d. 1620) 2 sons, 1. ARTHUR, 2d viscount. 2. THOMAS, m. Elizabeth, da. of John Harris, of Winchester, and had issue, Roger, M.P. for Winchester, who, by Margaret, da. of Joseph Gulston, D.D., was father of Charles, cornet of dragoons, who m. Elizabeth, da. of James Douglas, of Haddington, in Scotland, esq., and had issue by her, 1. CHARLES, 4th viscount. 2. MARTHA; 3. MARGARET, m. Thomas Garden, esq.; 4. WILHELMINA, m. John Hill, esq., M.D. The viscount d. 1628, and was succeeded by his eldest son, ARTHUR, 2d viscount, m. Catharine, da. of Richard, 1st earl of Cork, and dying 1669, was succeeded by his only son, RICHARD, 3d viscount, created, 17 June 1674, earl of Ranelagh, and d. without male issue, 1711, when §. earldom became extinct, and the other titles remained dormant till 1759, when they were claimed by and allowed to his cousin, CHARLEs, 4th viscount, great grandson, as above recited, to Thomas, 2d son of the 1st viscount. He was appointed chairman of committees to the house of lords in Ireland, m. Sarah, only da. of Thomas Montgomery, esq., M.P. for Lifford, and had 1SSue, 1. CHARLES, 5th viscount. 2. THOMAS, 6th viscount. 3. Richard, b. 23 March 1764, m., 13 Sept. 1785, Sophia, o da. and sole h. of John Gildart, of Blackley Hurst, co. Lancaster, esq., and by her (who d. 27 Nov. 1803) had no issue, and is deceased. 4. Joh N, b. 15 Jan. 1768, d. young. 5. BENJAMIN, b. 8 Sept. 1770, a lieut-col., d. unm. 6. Joh N, b. 1 June 1772, late major 10th hussars, m. Eliza, 2d daughter of major Edward Came, of Donnybrook Park, co. Dublin, by which lady, who is dead, he had Ilo issue. 7. Roger, d. young.

8. WILLIAM-Rich ARD-Montgomery, b. 13 Sept. 1776, d. unm. 9. ALExANDER, b. 9, March 1778, capt. R.N., m. ——, and has issue, 1. Alexander-Montgomery. 2. Robert-Molesworth. 3. Caroline-Sarah-Sophia, b. sp; 1815, m., 15 May 1834, Henry, 2d son of col. de Wisme, late of the coldstream guards. 4. Mary, b. 3 Aug. 1817. 5. Louisa-Hood. 6. Katherine-Louisa. 7. Henry-Herbert. 10. Rog ER, b. 30 March 1780, d. young. 11. MARy-Jon Es, b. 15 June 1766, m., 27 Sept. 1793, the hom. Robert Molesworth, son of Robert, 5th viscount Molesworth. 12. SARAH, b. 7 Sept. 1767, d. unm. Sept. 1824. 13. MARGARET, b. 9 May 1769, d. young. The viscount d. 20 April 1797, and was succeeded by his eldest son, CHARLEs, 5th viscount, b. 23 Oct. 1761, captain R.N., d. unm. 24 Dec. 1800, and was succeeded by his next brother, Thom As, 6th viscount, b. 2 Feb. 1763, m., 1st, 21 Aug. 1804, Elizabeth-Caroline, only da. and sole h. of sir Philip Stevens, bart., and by her (who d. 17 June 1805) had no issue. The viscount m., 2dly, 15 Sept. 1811, Caroline-Louisa, sole da. of the late col. Lee, co. York, and had issue, 1. THOMAS-HERON, present viscount. 2. ARTHUR, b. 1 Feb. 1818, d. 28 June 1820. 3. BARBARA ; 4. MARY. 5. HENRIETTA, b. 16 Nov. 1819. The viscount d. 4 July 1820, and was succeeded by his son, Thom As-HERoN, present and 7th visCount. Heir Presumptive—The viscount's uncle, the hom. ALExANDER Jon Es. Creations—Viscount and Baron, 25 Aug. 1628. Arms—Azure, on a cross between four pheons, or ; five mullets gules. . . Crest—A dexter arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a dart point downwards, proper. Supporters—Two griffins, wings elevated, per fess argent and sable. Motto—Coelitus mihi vires. My strength is from Heaven.

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JOHN SKEFFINGTON, Viscount MAsserEENE, co. Antrim, and Baron Loughneagh, in Ulster, born 30 Nov. 1812 : succeeded his mother, Harriett, late Wiscountess, 2 Jan. 1831; married, 1 Aug. 1835, Olivia, 4th da of Henry-Deane Grady, of Stillorgan, co. Dublin, esq.

Sin John CLorwonroy was a very eminent person in the reign of king Charles i. and so instrumental in forwarding the re-toration of king Charles II.. that he was inmediately on that event, 21 Nov. It wan, created baron of Louxhn-rh, and viscount Ma-ereene, with remainder, on failure of issue male of his body, to hi--on in-law, -ir John Skeffington, husband of his only da-, Mary, and his issue male by the said Mary, and failing such, to the heir-general of air John Clotworthy. He d. 1665, and was succeeded o; his son-in-law, Sir Joh N skerri Ng, to N, 2d viscount, descended from a family which had been seated at the village of -kethngton, co. Lancaster, (from which they derived their name,) since the reign of Edward I. He d. 21 June 1693, and was succeeded by his son, CLOTWoRTHY, 3d viscount, m., March 1684, Rachael, dal of sir Edward Hungerford, of Farley Castle, co. Somerset, k.d., and had issue, 1. Clotwortray, 4th viscount. 2. Jaxx, m. sir Hans Hamilton, bart. 3. Rachart, m., 1st, Randall, 4th earl of Antrim; and, 2dly, Macgill, and d. 1739. 4. Many, m. dr. Edward Smyth, bishop of Down and Connor. The viscount d. March 1713, and was succeeded by his son, CLOTWORTHY, 4th viscount, m., 9 t. 1713, Catharine Chichester, eldest da. of Arthur, 4th earl of Donegal, ancestor to the marquess of Donegal, and by her (who d. 1 July 1749) had issue, 1. Clotworth Y, 5th viscount. 2. Anthun, M.P.co. Antrim, d. 8 April 1747. 3. John, in holy orders, d. 25 Dec. 1753, having married the 2d da. of Henry Thornton, of Muffe, esq. 4. Huxgen road, d. 1768. 5. Hugh, in the army. 6. Cathan in E, m., 3 Jan. 1739, ArthurMohun St. Leger, viscount Doneraile, d. 3 April 1751. 7. RAchArl, d. unm. The viscount d. 11 Feb. 1738, and was succeeded by his son, CLorworthy, 5th viscount, who was, 3 July 1756, created earl of Massereene, m., 10 March 1738, Anne, eldest da. of Richard Daniel, dean of Down, and by her (who d 27 March 1740) had no issue; and 2dly, 25 Nov. 1741, Elizabeth, only da. and h. of Henry Eyre, of Rowter, co. Derby, esq.,

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GEORGE - HORATIO CHOLMONDELEY, Wiscount CHOLMONDELEY, of Kells, Baron Cholmondeley, of Newburgh; Marquess of Cholmondeley, &c., in the Peerage of England.

See MARQUEss of Cholmon DELEY, in the Peerage of England. Heir Presumptive — Lord - WILLIAM

HENRY Cholmond ELEY, the marquess's brother. Creation–29 March 1661.

WILLIAM-HENRY DAWNAY, Viscount DOWNE, co. Downe,

in holy orders ; born 20 Aug.

1772; succeeded his brother, John

Christopher, late viscount, 18 Feb. 1832; married, 7 June 1811, Lydia, only da. of John Heathcote, of Connington Castle, co. Hants, esq., and has issue, 1. WILLIAM-HENRY, b. 15 May 1812;-2. LYDIAFRANCEs - CATHERINE, b. 2 Oct. 1813;-3. PAYAN, b. 18 Nov.

1815.

SIR PAINE DAWNAY, of Dawnay Castle, in Normandy, from whom this, family is descended, came to England with William the Conqueror, and from him descended sir William o, who was made a general in the 4th Yo: of Richard I, 1192, at Acon, (now called St. Jean d'Acre,) in Syria, where, having killed a chief prince of the Saracens, and afterwards slaying a lion, he cut off a paw, and #. it to the .# who, as a mark of his approbation, immediately took the ring off his finger, and giving it to sir William, ordered, in perpetuam rei memoriam, that his crest should be a demiSaracen, with a lion's paw in one hand, and a ring in the other, which is the famil cognizance to this day; and the ring is still in the possession of viscount Downe. In a direct line from the above, descended sir Nicholas DAwnAY, who, in the reign of Edward II., obtained the king's charter for a market every week at his manor, and a fair every year at Sheviock, co. Cornwall. In the 1st of Edward III., he had a summons to parliament, amongst the barons; and afterwards serving in the wars in the Holy Land, against the Infidels, he brought from thence some rich and curious medals.

Sir JOHN DAWNAY, of Cowick, was created viscount Downe, 19 Feb. 1680, and d. 1695, leaving an only son,

HENRY, 2d viscount, m. Mildred, da. of William Godfrey, of Thunick, co. Lincoln, esq., and had issue by her, (whod. Sept. 1725,)

1. John, m., 10 Aug. 1724, CharlotteLouisa, da. of Robert Pleydell, of Ampney Crucis, co. Gloucester, esq., and d. in his father's lifetime, leaving issue 2 sons,

1. HENRY-PLEY DELL, 3d viscount. 2. JOHN, 4th viscount.

2. WILLIAM.

3. HENRY, D.D., a prebendary of Canterbury, m., 13 o 1740, Elizabeth, eldest da. of sir Thomas D'Aeth, of Knowlton, co. Kent, bart., (by Elizabeth, da, of admiral

sir John Narborough, knt.; and heiress of her brother, sir John Narborough, of Knowlton, bart.,) and d. o 1754.

4. Christoph ER, m., 26 § 1749, miss Rundall, of Maeston, co. York, who d. 3 Jan. 1769.

5. GEoRGE, capt. R.N.

6. GODFREY.

7. MILDRED, m., 1721, sir William Fowlis, of Ingleby Manor, co. York, bart.

8. #. m., 1st, Robert Shaftoe, of Whitworth, co. Durham, esq.; and, 2dly, Thomas Eden, D.D., prebendary of Durham, 4th son of sir Robert Eden, of West Auckland, bart., and d. without issue, 26 Nov. 1734.

The viscount d. May 1741, and was succeeded by his grandson,

HENRY - PLEYDELL, 3d viscount, b. 8 April 1727, 1st lord of the bedchamber to George, prince of Wales, knt. of the shire for York, a col. in the army, and lieut.-col. 25th regt. of foot, which he commanded at the battle of Minden, 1759. The viscount d. 9 Dec. 1760, of a wound he received at the battle of Campen, near Wesel, and was succeeded by his only brother, .

John, 4th viscount, b. 9 April 1728, m., 20 May 1763, Laura, only da. and h. of William Burton, esq., of Luffenham, co. Rutland, (by Elizabeth, da. of George Pitt, of .."; co. Hants, esq., ancestor of the barons Rivers,) by whom (who d. 24 April 1812) he had issue,

1. JOHN - CHRISTOPHER, 5th vis

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