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sure flory counter flory gules–Lyon. 2d and 3d. Ermine, three bows in pale proper —Bow ES. Crest—Between two slips of laurel, a lady to the girdle, habited, and holding in her

Supporters—Derter, an unicorn argent, armed, unguled, maned, and tufted or. Sinister, a lion gules.

Motto—In te, Domine, speravi. In thee, O Lord, have I put my trust.

right hand a thistle all proper.

JAMES HAMILTON, EARL of ABERCORN, and Baron of Paisley, Abercorn, Hamilton, Mountcastle, and Kilpatrick, in Scotland, Wiscount and Baron Strabane, in Ireland, and a Baronet of the same kingdom ; and Marquess of ABER con N, and Viscount Hamilton, in England.

See MARQUEss of ABERcoRN, in the Peer- | Creation—10 July 1606. age of England.

THOMAS HAMILTON, EARL of HADDINGTON, and Baron of Binning and Byres, and Lord-Lieutenant co. Haddington, in the Peerage of Scotland, and Baron Melros, of Tynninghame, co. Haddington, in that of the United Kingdom, P.C., late Lord-Lieutenant and Governor-General of Ireland; born 21 July 1780; succeeded his father, Charles, late earl, 17 March 1828; created, 24 July 1827, Baron MELRos of Tynninghame, co. Haddington; married, 13 Nov. 1802, lady Maria Parker, only da. of

George, 4th earl of Macclesfield.

THoMAS HAMILTON, of Orchartfield, descended from the Hamiltons of Innerwick, a branch of the ancient family of Hamilton, duke of Hamilton, acquired, in 1522, from John, earl of Lennox, the barony of Bathgate, co. Linlithgow ; and, in 1524, purchased the lands of Ballincrieff, in the same co. He was father of THoMA's HAMILTON, who possessed the lands of Orchartfield, Bathgate, and Ballincrieff, in 1537; he made an exchange of the lands of Ballincrieff with James Hamilton, of Innerwick, for the lands of Balbyne and Drumcarne, co. Perth, of which he had a charter, 2 Aug. 1538. He was killed at the battle of Pinkie, 10 Sept. 1547, leaving, 1. THOMAS. 2. John, a secular priest; he left Scotland on account of his religion, fixed his residence in Paris 1573, where he became tutor to the cardinal de Bourbon, and rector of the university. Returning to Scotland in 1609, he was arrested, and committed to the Tower of London, where he died. Thom As HAMILTON, of Priestfield, eldest son of Thomas, of Orchartfield, was a knt., and a lord of session; m. Elizabeth, da. of James Heriot, of Trabroum, and had issue, 1. THOMAS, 1st earl. 2. Sir ANDREw, of Redhouse, a lord of Session. 3. Sir John, of Magdalens, a lord of session, a privy counsellor, and lord register of

Scotland, d. without male issue. 4. PATRick, under-secretary of state to his brother, the earl of Haddington. 5. ALEXANDER, general of artillery to the Scots troops serving under Gustavus Adolphus. THoMAs HAMILTON, 1st earl, being bred to the law, was by king James VI, made one of the senators in the college of justice, secretary of state, lord advocate and register, and was, in 1613, created baron Binning and Byres, and in 1619 earl of Melros, which latter he afterwards changed to the title of Haddington; in 1627, he was constituted lord privy seal, which office he held for ten years; m., 1st, ada. of James Borthwick, esq., by whom he had one da., CHRISTIAN, m., 1st, John, lord Lindsey; and, 2dly, Robert, lord Boyd. His lordship m., ń. a da. of sir James Foulis, bart. ; and 3dly, a da. of sir – Kerr ; by his 2d wife he had three sons and three das., of whom THOMAS, his eldest son, succeeded his father, as .2d earl, and joined with the covenanters in the beginning of the civil war: was governor of the castle of Dunglas, where he was, 30 Aug. 1640, unfortunately blown o: together with Robert Hamilton, his brother; Patrick, his natural brother; Sir John Hamilton, of Red-house, his cou. sin-german; sir Alexander Hamilton, of Innerwick, and Alexander, his son and h.; sir

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Catholic, 20 July 1653, '' in order." said
Christina, queen of Sweden, “that she

might never more see him, either in this
world or the next.” The countess of., at
Paris, 10 March 167: The earl dying 8
Feb. 1645, without issue, was succeeded by
his brother,
Joux, 4th earl, m. Christian Lindsey, 2d
da. of John, 15th earl of Crawfurd, and
Lindsey, (by Margaret Hamilton, 24 da: of
James, 2d marquess of Hamilton,) and had
issue,
1. CHARLEs, 5th earl.
2. M A key R or, m. John Hope, of Hope-
toun, who was lost in his passage to Scot-
land, with the duke of York, 5 May 1682,
leaving issue,
Charles, 1st earl of Hopetoun.
3. H E LEN, m. sir William Anstruther, of
Anstruther, co. Fife, and had issue.
4. Su's AN, m. Adam Cockburn, of Ormis-
toun, esq., and had issue.
The earl d. 1 Sept. 1669, and was succeed-
ed by his son,
CHA Rt. Es, 5th earl, b. 1650, m., 7 Oct.
1674, Margaret, countess of Rothes, eldest
da. of John, duke of Rothes, lord high
chancellor of Scotland: on her father's
death, in July 1631, the dukedom became
extinct; but she succeeded as countess of
Rothes. In the contract of this marriage,
it was stipulated, in order to prevent the
two earldoms of Rothes and Haddington
from being united, that the earl should
surrender his title of Haddington in favour
of his 2d son ; which settlement was subse-
uently confirmed by two patents, dated 18
ec. 1so), and 22 Oct. 1702. By the coun-
tess of Rothes (who d. 20 Aug. 1700) he had,
1. Joh N, 8th earl of Rothes, from whom
the present earl of Rothes descends through
an heir female; but, his male line being ex-
tinct, the earl of Haddington is now heir
male of the body of sir Thomas Hamilton,
1st earl of Haddington.
2. THOMAS, 6th earl.

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Nov. 1613, and Earl of Haddington, 27 Aug. 1627, with precedency of 20 March 1619 ; Scots honours. Baron Melros, 1827. Arms—Quarterly. 1st and 4th. Gules, on a cheveron, argent, between three cinquefoils ermine, a buckle azure between two ermine spots, the whole within a bordure argent, charged with eight thistles, vert— HAMILTON. 2d and 3d. Argent, a fess wav between three roses gules, arms of the earldom of MELROSE, granted in 1619 to the 1st earl of Haddington, but afterwards exchanged for the title of Haddington. Crests—Two dexter hands .# out of clouds; conjoined in fess, and holding between them a slip of laurel proper. Supporters—Two talbots argent, plain collared gules. Motto—Praesto et persto. I undertake and persevere.

RANDOLPH STEWART, EARL of GALLOWAY, Lord Garlies, in the Peerage of Scotland, and Baron Stewart, of Garlies, in that of the United Kingdom, Lord-Lieutenant co. Wigtoun and co. Kircudbright; born 16 Sept. 1800; succeeded his father, George, late earl, 27 March 1834; married, 9 Aug. 1833, lady Blanche, da. of Henry-Charles, 6th duke of Beaufort, and has issue, 1. HELEN-BLANCHE, b. 9 May 1834; —2. A SON, lord Garlies, b. 21 Oct. 1835; —3. A son, b. 14 Oct.

1836.

THE origin of the royal house of Stewart is traced, by the indefatigable researches of Chalmers, to ALAN Fitz-FLEALD, a Norman companion of William the Conqueror. He had three sons; 1. William, ancestor of the Fitz-Alans, earls of Arundel, in England; 2. Walter, who settled in Scotland, and obtained from king David I. the office of lord high steward, from whence his descendants adopted the name of Stewart; 3. Simon, who also settled in Scotland, and was progenitor of the family of Boyd.

ALEXANDER, high steward of Scotland, great-grandson of Walter, had two sons; 1. James, whose grandson, Robert, ascended the throne of Scotland 1371, and whose male line ended in the person of king James W., father of Mary, queen of Scots; 2. sir John, of Bonkyll, who had four sons, who left issue, viz.: 1. Alexander, ancestor of the earls of Angus, whose male line became extinct 1377; 2. Alan, ancestor of the house of Darnley, earls and dukes of Lennox, and of the o, of Scotland and England; 3. Walter, of Garlies, whose great-grand-da. and h. m. the ancestor of the earl of Galloway; 4. James, ancestor of the earls of Atholl, Bucham, and Traquair, and the lords Lorn .nd Innermeath.

This branch of the house of Stewart is descended from sir William Stewart, of

Jedworth, who lived in the beginning of the 15th century, and whose precise connection with the royal line has been the subject of much and warm controversy. On the part of the earl, it is contended that the above sir William was 2d son of sir Alexander Stewart, of Darnley, who was grandfather of the 1st Stewart, earl of Lennox; and, in that case, the whole male line of sir John Stewart, sir Alexander's eldest son, having failed on the death of cardinal York, in 1807, the earl of Galloway must be the undoubted male heir and representative of the Darnley family. That sir William was of the house of Darnley, is clear from the words of the patent, o his descendant earl of Galloway, wherein his origin, “ab antiqua domo de Lennor derivata,” is expressly enumerated as one of the reasons of his elevation to the peerage. Sir John STEwART, son of sir William, m. Marion, da. and h. of sir Walter Stewart, of Dalswinton, who was son of sir John Stewart, of Dalswinton, one of the hostages for king David II., 1357, and grandson of sir Walter Stewart, of Garlies, 3d son of sir John Stewart, of Bonkyll, above mentioned. They had issue, Sir WILLIAM Stewart, of Dalswinton and Garlies, who had three sons; 1. ALExANDER, his successor; 2. Thomas, of Minto,

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5. Arthur, b. 12 Dec. 1813. 6. Jane-Frances Clinton, b. 27 May 1817. 8. JAMES-HENRY KEith, C.B., lieut.colonel in the army and assistant secretary to the treasury, b. 22 Oct. 1783, d. 18 July 1836, having m., 10 Aug. 1819, HenriettaAnne, 3d da. of the rev. Spencer Madam, D.D., and by her (who d. 24 Oct. 1829) had issue, 1. Spencer, b. 24 June 1820. 2. Henry-Keith, b. 17 Feb. 1822. 3. Charles-Patrick, b. 27 May 1823. 4. Charlotte, b. 26 Nov. 1824. 9. CATHERINE, b. 18 March 1765, d. 20 §§ 1836, having m. sir James Graham, of Netherby, bart., who d. 1824. 10. SUSAN, b. 10 April 1767, m., 15 Sept. 1791, George, duke of Marlborough. 11. ANNE-HARRIET, b. 2 Nov. 1769, m., 8 Aug. 1795, lord Spencer Chichester, brother to the marquess of Donegal. 12. Elizabeth-EUPHEMIA, b. 6 Oct. 1771, m., 5 Jan. 1798, William-Philip Inge, esq. 13. GEORGIANA-FRANCEs, b. 15 May 1776, d. unm. 12 April 1804. 14. CHARLoTTE, b. 7 Aug. 1777, m., 12 Sept. 1801, the hon, sir Edward Crofton, bart., eldest son of baroness Crofton. 15. CARolin E, b. 23 Oct. 1778, m., 10 Jan. 1803, the hon. and rev. George RushoutBowles, brother to lord Northwick, and d. 22 May 1818. 16. GeoRGIANA-CHARLoTTE-Sophia, b. 1 Feb. 1785, m., 2 July 1806, the hon. William Bligh, brother to the 4th earl of Darnle; and d. 25 July 1809. he earl d. 13 Nov. 1806, and was succeeded by his eldest son, GEORGE, 9th earl, K.T., admiral of the

blue, b. 24 March 1768, m., 18 April 1797,
o 2d da. of Henry o: 1st
earl of Uxbridge, (sister of Henry-William;
marquess of Anglesey, K.G., G.C.B.,) and
had issue,
1. Jane, b. 29 March 1798, m., 11 Jan.
1819, her cousin, George, marquess of
Blandford, eldest son of George, duke of
Marlborough.
2. Caroline, b. 16 Aug. 1799.
3. RANDOLPH, 10th earl.
4. Louisa, b. 18 March 1804, m., 1823,
the hon. William Duncombe, M.P., eld-
est son of lord Feversham.
5. Arthur, b. 18 Dec. 1805, d. 3 Jan. 1806.
6. Allan, b. 23 Oct. 1807, d. 1 May 1808.
7. Helen, b. 8 July 1810, d. 26 Jan. 1813.
8. Keith, R.N., b. 3 Jan. 1814.
His o d. 27 March 1834, and was
succeeded by his eldest son,
RANDo LPH, present and 10th earl.
Heir Apparent—Lord GARLIEs, the earl's
Son.
Creations—Baron of Garlies, 2 April 1607;
Earl of Galloway, 19 Sept. 1623; and Baron
Stewart, of Garlies, in Great Britain, 6 June
96

Arms—Or, a fess chequy azure and argent, surmounted of a bend engrailed gules, the whole within a double tressure flory counterflory of the last. Crest—A pelican in her nest feeding her young all proper. Supporters—Derter, a wild man wreathed round the temples and loins, and holding in the right hand a club, resting on the shoulder, all proper. Sinister, a lion, gules. Motto—Wirescit vulnere virtus. Wirtue strengthens from a wound.

JAMES MAITLAND, EARL of LAUDERDALE, Wiscount Lauderdale and Maitland; Baron Thirlestane and Boltoun, in the Peerage of Scotland, and Baron Lauderdale, of Thirlestane, in that of the United Kingdom, P.C., Heritable Standard-bearer of Scotland ; and a Baronet of Nova Scotia, K.T., D.C.L. ; born 26 Jan. 1759; succeeded his father, James, late earl, 17 Aug. 1789; married, 15 Aug. 1782, Eleanor, only da. and h, of Anthony Todd, esq., by whom he has, -1. JAMES, viscount Maitland, b. 12 July 1784; –2. Sir ANT Hon Y, K.C.M.G., C.B., capt. R.N., naval aide-de-camp to the queen, b. 10 June 1785;-3. JoHN, col. in the army, and lieut.-col. 32d foot, b. 5 March 1789 ; — 4. CHARLES-Fox, b. 6 Nov. 1793, d. 18 Dec. 1817; 5. ANNE, b. Oct. 1786, m., 8 May 1807, Robert Fraser, of Torbreck, co. Inverness, esq., and d. 22 June 1829; 6. MARY, b. 4 Jan. 1788, m., 3 Sept. 1819, Edward Stanley, of Cross Hall, co. Lancaster, esq.; 7, ELEANort, b. 3 Qct. 1790, m., 19 Jan. 1815, James Balfour, of Gorton, N.B., esq.;8. Ju LIA-JANE, b. 10 Oct. 1791, m., 10 April 1823, John Warrender,

esq., and d. 19 May 1827;-9. CHARLotte, b. 10 Oct. 1792, d. 13 March 1813.

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