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On the death of the earl, without issue 2. “That none of the charters produced male, a competition arose for the title of affect the title, honour, or dignity of the earl of Sutherland, between Elizabeth, the earl of Sutherland, but operate as conveypresent countess, sir Robert Gordon, of , ances of the estate only.

Gordonstoun, bart., and George Sutherland, 3. “That the claimant, Elizabeth Sutherof Force, esq.; when, on an a 1 to the land, has a right to the title, honour, and house of lords, they were, 21 March 1771, dignity of the earldom of Sutherland, as

pleased o to resolve, heir of the body of William, who was earl 1. “That the title, honour, and dignity of Sutherland, 1275." of the earldom of Sutherland descended to Heir Apparent Gronar - Gnaxvillr, Elizabeth, the wife of Adam Gordon, upon duke of Sutherland, her grace's son. the death of her brother, John, ears of Creations—Earl of Sutherland and Baron Sutherland, without issue, 1514, as heir of Strathnaver, 12×. the body of William, who was earl of Suther- Arms-Gules, three mullets or within a

land, 1275, was assumed by her husband in bordure gold, charged with a double tresher right, and from her descended to the sure flory counter flory gules.

heirs male, who were also heirs of the body, supporter–Two savage- wreathed round down to the death of the last earl of Suther- the temples and loins, and each holding a land, 1766, without any objection on the club resting on his exterior shoulder, all part of the male line of the said William. proper.

JOHN-FRANCIS-MILLER ERSKINE, EARL of MARR and KELLIE, Viscount Fenton, Lord Erskine, Garioch, and Alloa, and Baron Dirletoun; premier Viscount and Baron of Scotland ; born 28 Dec. 1795; succeeded his father, John-Thomas, late earl, 20 Sept. 1828; on the death also of Methven, 10th earl of Kellie, without issue, in 1829, his Lordship claimed the titles of Earl of Kellie, Wiscount Fenton, and Baron Dirletoun, as heir male general, which claim was allowed by the house of Lords; married, 24 April 1827, Philadelphia, da. of Granville-Charles Stuart Menteith, of Closeburne Hall, co. Dumfries, esq.

ON the title of Marr, lord Hailes remarks, Erskine family: the earldom was adjudged that it is one of those titles whose origins to be in the crown, and was bestowed, sucare lost in their antiquity: it existed before cessively, on John, 3d son of o: II., our records, and before the era of genuine on Cochrane, the favourite of king James history. MARTACUS, the 1st earl of Marr, III., and on Alexander Stewart, 3d son of of whom mention is made, was contem- that monarch; till at length, after the lapse

rary with Malcolm Canmore, king of of 130 years, John, 5th lord Erskine, 6th in

cotland, and William the Conqueror; his descent from the above-named Robert, had descendant, THOMAS, 13th earl, d. with- influence enough, in the reign of queen out issue 1377, and the title devolved on his Mary, to get the former proceedingsrevised, only sister, MARGARET, countess of Marr, and obtained a charter, 23 June 1565, of the who m. William, earl of Douglas, and had earldom of Marr to him and his heirs. issue, James, earl of Douglas, and Marr, JOHN ERS KINE (son of John, lord killed at Otterburn, 1388, without issue: Erskine, and uncle of sir Thomas Erskine, and Isabel, who became countess of Marr, of Gogar and Dirletoun, who was created m., 1st, to Malcolm Drummond; and 2dly, earl of Marr, viscount Fenton, and lord to Alexander Stewart, nephew of Robert Dirletoun, “ to him and his heirs male III., and cousin to James I., kings of Scot- bearing the name and arms of Erskine,” by land, but had no issue by either. On the atent 12 March 1619) was confirmed earl of death of the countess, the earldom devolved, arr, and called, by the Scots genealogists, of right, upon Robert, lord Erskine, as only 6th earl of that family, elected regent of son of sir Thomas Erskine, by Janet Keith, Scotland, 6 Sept. 1571, and d. 29 Oct. 1572, his wife, who was only child of sir Edward leaving issue, by Annabella, dal of sir WiiKeith, by Christian his wife, who was da. liam Murray, of Tullibardin, and heiress of sir John Monteith, lord of JOHN, 7th earl, m., 1st, Anne, 2d da. of Arran, by lady Elyne Marr, dal of Gratney, David, 2d lord Drummond, by whom he 11th earl of Marr; but during the lifetime had issue, of the countess, and that of her 26 husband, 1. JOHN, 8th earl. many contradictory settlements had been And, 2dly, Mary, da. of Esme Stuart, made of the title, to the disinheriting of the duke of Lennox, by whom he had,


2. JAMEs, earl of Bucham. 3. HENRy, lord Cardross, ancestor of the present earl of Buchan, and baron Erskine (see those titles). 4. Sir ALExANDER, blown up at Dunglass, 1640. 5. Sir CHARLEs, of Alva, ancestor of the present earl of Rosslyn (see that title). The earl d. 14 Dec. 1634, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John, 8th earl, d. 1654, and was succeeded by his son, JOHN, 9th earl, who d. 1668, and was succeeded by his son, CHARLES, 10th earl, privy counsellor to Charles II. and James II., m. Mary, eldest da. of George Maule, earl of Panmure, and had issue, 1. JOHN, 11th earl. 2. JAMEs, ancestor of the present earl, of whom hereafter. The earl, d. 23 April 1689, and was succeeded by his son, John, 11th earl, K.T., secretary of state for Scotland, 1706, and one of the 16 representative peers from 1707 to 1713. Soon after the accession, however, of king George I., he was deprived of his offices, and joining the Pretender in 1715, followed him, on the failure of his enterprise, to Rome, was attainted by act of parliament, and d. at Aix-la-Chapelle, 1732, leaving issue Thomas, lord Erskine, who d. without issue 24 Nov. 1788. The title thus forfeited; remained under attainder till 1824, when his majesty was graciously pleased to command an act to be brought into the house of lords, for its restoration to the great nephew of the attainted earl, whose descent we now proceed to state. JAMEs ERskINE, of the Grange, 2d son of the 10th earl, was a lord of session, and justice-clerk in the reign of queen Anne, afterwards M.P. for Stirling, and secretary to the prince of Wales, m. Rachel, sister of major Chiesly, of Dalry, and d. 24 Jan. 1754, leaving issue, 1. CHARLEs, in the army, d. unm. 1774. 2. JAMEs, who continued the line. 3. John, dean of Cork, d. 1796. 4. MARY, m., 1729, John, 3d earl of Kintore, and d. 19 Feb. 1772. JAMEs ERski NE, 2d son of James, above named, was knight-marshal of Scotland; m., 1740, Frances, only da. of John, 11th earl of Marr, and d. 27 Feb. 1785, leaving issue by her (who d. 20 June 1776) two sons, 1. JOHN-FRANCIS, 12th earl. 2. JAMES-FRANCIS, col. in the army, d. 5

April 1806, leaving issue, 1. William-Gratney-Tell. 2. Francis-Tell; 3. James, 4. Rachel-Matilda. John-FRANCIs, 12th earl of Marr, (restored to the title as above mentioned,) was b. 1741, m., 17 March 1770, Frances, only da. of Charles Floyer, esq., governor of Madras, and by her (who d. 20 Dec. 1798) had issue, 1. JOHN-THOMAS, 13th earl. 2. JAMES-FloyER, m., 12 Nov. 1796, Susan, da. of Charles Sharpe, but d. 15 May 1798, S.p.; she re-m-, 2dly, 8 Aug. 1800, capt. William Walker, and 3dly, 16 June 1806, S.-F. Perkins, esq. 3. HENRY-DAVID, m., 22 Oct. 1805, miss Mary-Ann Cooksey, and has issue, John-Francis. 4. Thomas, in holy orders, m., July 1817, Charlotte, da. of major Watson, and has 1SSue. 1# CHARLOTTE-FRANCEs, d. unm. 4 Feb. 6. MARY-ANNE. 7. CHARLOTTE; 8. JANE. The earl d. 20 Aug. 1825, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John-THOMAs, 13th earl, b. 1772, m., 17 March 1795, Janet, da. of Patrick Miller, esq., and by her (who d. 25 Aug. 1825) had Issue, 1. JOHN-FRANCIS-MILLER, 14th earl. 2. JEAN, d. 1806. 3. FRANCEs-JEMIMA, m., 12 Oct. 1830, William-James Goodeve, of Clifton, esq. 4. JANE-JANETTA, m., 29 April 1830, Edward Wilmot, esq. The earl d. 20 Sept. 1828, and was succeeded by his only son, sons-Fascis-Millen, present and 14th earl. Creations—Earlof Marr, 1457; (his lordship takes precedence from that date, but the earldom existed from a much earlier period;) Baron of Dirletoum, 1603; Wiscount of Fenton, 1606; Earl of Kellie, 1619. Heir Presumptive—The hon. HENRY-DAVID ERSkINE, the earl's uncle. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th. Argent, a pale sable—ERskin E. 2d and 3d. Azure, a bend between 6 cross crosslets fitchée or— MARR. Crest—A dexter hand couped above the wrist and erect, holding a dagger also erect proper, pomel and hiltor. Supporters—Two griffins argent, beaks, claws, and wings elevated or. Motto—Je pense plus. I think the more.

. WILLIAM-GEORGE HAY, EARL of ERROLL, and Baron Hay, 111 the Peerage of Scotland, and Baron Kilmarnock of Kilmarnock, co. Ayr, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Hereditary Lord High Constable and Knight Marischal of Scotland, Master of the Queen's stag Hounds, K.T., G.C.H., and P.C., Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire; born 21 Feb. 1801; succeeded his father, William, the late earl, 26 Jan. 1819; created, 17 June 1831, Baron Kilmarnock, aforesaid : married, 4 Dec. 1820, lady Elizabeth Fitzclarence, natural daughter of his late Majesty, and has issue. — 1. A delaid E-H anni or 1-A - Gusta, b. 29 Oct.

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UN or R the title marquess of Tweeddale, it has been already stated that the ance-tor of that noble house, and of the earl of Erroll, were brothers, the sons of Willian de Hava, who settled in Mid Lothian towards the end of the 12th century, and hold the office of pincorna revie, or king's butler, in the reigns of Malcolm IV. and William the Lion. William, the elder brother, obtained the lordship of Erroll. from whence his descendants have taken the or title, about 11th. Seventh in lineal descent from him was WILLIA M H \ Y, who was, by king James II., in 1452, in recompense of his faithful services, created earl of Erroll, and d. at Slaines, about 1457. He m. Beatrix, da. of James, 3d lord loalkeith, and by her had issue 2 sons, NICHOLAS, 2d earl, who d. without issue 1470; and W II. I. I.A.M., od earl, who d. 15”, leaving issue, WILLIAM, 4th earl, and Thomas, of Logy almond. Wit.Li & M, 4th cari, was killed at Flodden Field, 1513, leaving an only on, WILLI M, 5th earl, who d. without male issue about 1531, when the title devolved on his cousin, GEORG, H, 6th earl, son of Thomas, of Loyalinond, above mained. He was succeeded y his eldest son, A N DREW, 7th earl, n., 1st, Jane, only da. and h. of William, 5th earl of Erroll, by whom he had issue, rit A N to 1-, 6th earl; and, 2dly, Agnes, da. of George Sinclur, earl of Caithness, by whom he had a son, George, of Killour, whose grandson, Joh N, became 11th earl. FRAN is, oth earl, d. 1631, and was succeeded by his eldest son, W I LLI AM, oth earl, who acted as lord high constable of Scotland at the coronation of king Charles 1.; and dying 1635, left an only son, Gi Ltd Ent, 10th earl, who d. without issue 1674, when the title devolved on his kinsman, Joh N, 11th earl, son of Andrew of Killour, and grandson of George above mentioned. He m. Anne, only da. of James Drummond, 3d earl of Perth, and d. 1704, leaving issue, 1. CHARLES, 12th earl, who d. unm. 1717: 2. MARy, who, on her brother's death, became countess of Erroll, and acted by deputy) as high constable of Scotland at the coronation of king George I l., m. Alexander Falconer, but d, without issue, 1758; 3. Margaret, m. James, earl of Linlithgow and Calendar, by whom (who was attainted 1715) she had a da., Anne, m. William, 4th earl of Kilmarnock, (who was executed on Tower Hill 1746.) and d. 14 Sept. 1747, leaving issue 3 sons, of whom the eldest, JAMES, became, on the death of his and-aunt, Mary, countess of Erroll, in 1758, 13th earl of Erroll, and high constable of Scotland, and, but for the attainder of his father and grandfather, would have united in himself the 4 earldoms of Erroll, Linlithgow, Calendar, and Kilmarnock. He m., 1st, 15 Sept. 1749, Rebecca, da. of Alexander Lockhart, esq., by whom (who d. 2

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12. FANNY, b. 18 Aug. 1818. 13. MARGARET-JULIA, (posthumous,) b. 31 Aug. 1819. The earl d. 26 Jan. 1819, and was succeeded by his eldest son, WILLIAM-GEoRGE, present and 16th earl. Heir Apparent—WILLIAM, lord KILMARNock, the earl’s son. (Lord Hay is the real title of courtesy, but that of Lord Kilmarnock is the one used.) Creations—Lord Hay, 1424; and Earl of Erroll, 17 March 1452. Arms—Argent, three escocheons two and one gules. Crest—A falcon rising, proper. . Supporters — Two peasants, in russet habits, each holding an ox yoke, resting on his exterior shoulder, proper. Motto—Serva jugum. Preserve the yoke.

ALEXANDER SINCLAIR, EARL of CAITHNESS, Lord Berriedale, and a Baronet of Nova Scotia, Lord Lieutenant of Caithness; born 24 July 1790, succeeded his father, James, late earl, Oct. 1823; married, 22 Nov. 1813, Frances-Harriett, youngest da. and co-heiress of rev. William Leigh, of Rushall, co. Hereford, late dean of Hereford, and has issue, 1. JAMES, lord Berriedale, b. 16 Dec. 1821;-2. WILLIAM-LEIGH-CANNING, b. 1825, d. 3 Jan. 1834;-3. A son, b. 28 May 1827.

THE name of Sinclair, which is originally from the family of Saint Clare, in France, has been very eminent in Scotland. Sir William Sinclair, in the reign of Alexander I., obtained several lands from that king, as the barony of Rosslyn, in Mid-Lothian.

William Sinclair, of Rosslyn, m., temp. David II., Isabel, da. and co-h. of Malise, earl of Stratherm, Caithness, and Orkney, and their son, Henry Sinclair, obtained the earldom of Orkney.

WILLIAM SINCLAIR, 3d earl of Orkmey, lord high chancellor of Scotland, obtained from king James II, a grant of the earldom of Caithness, to himself and his heirs, 28 Aug. 1445, in consideration, as the charter states, of a claim of right which he and his heirs had to the lordship of Niddesdale. He was afterwards styled earl of Orkney and Caithness; but, in 1471, having surrendered to James III. the earldom of Orkney, he relinquished that title, and was called earl of Caithness; he resigned the earldom of Caithness in favour of his son by his 2d wife, William Sinclair, passing by another William Sinclair, the issue of his first, marriage. WILLIAM, 2d earl of Caithness, in consequence of his father's resigmation, obtained from James III. a charter of the whole lands of the earldom of Caithness. He was killed with his royal master, at the battle of Flodden, 9 Sept. 1513; and by Mary, da. of sir William Keith, of Innerugy, had

JOHN, 3d earl, killed in an attempt to take possession of the Orkneys, 1529; m. Elizabeth, da. of William Sutherland, of Duffus, and had issue, GEORGE, 4th earl, who sat, 1st as a peer of parliament, 1542; m. Elizabeth, 2d da. of William, 2d earl of Montrose, and had issue, 1. Joh N, master of Caithness, d. in his father's lifetime, leaving issue, 1. GEORGE, 5th earl. 2. James, of Murchill, ancestor of the 8th and 9th earls. 3. John, of Greenland, ancestor of the 10th and 11th earls. 2. GEORGE, ancestor of the present earl. GEORGE, 5th earl, d. 1643, having survived his eldest son and grandson, and was succeeded by his great-grandson, GEORGE, 6th earl, who d. without issue, 1676, havin alienated his estates to sir John Campbello Glenorchy, who was, in consequence, created earl of Caithness; but both the title and estates, after much litigation, and even bloodshed, were recovered in 1681, by the heir male of the family, GEORGE Sinclair, of Keiss, son of Francis, 2d son of the 5th earl. He thus became 7th earl, but d. unm. 1698, when the title devolved on his 2d COusin, JOHN, 8th earl, grandson of James, of Murchill, above named. He d. 1705, leaving three sons; ALEXANDER, 9th earl; John, and Francis, who all d. S.p.; the earl, the last survivor of them, in 1765, when the

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title devolved on
Willia M., 10th earl, who was 5th in
descent from John of Greenland above
named. He was succeeded in 1779, by his
son, Joh N, 11th earl, who d. without issue,
8 April 1789, when the title again devolved
on a very distant branch of the family, be-
coming vested in
JAMES, 12th earl, who was 9th in lineal
descent from George Sinclair, of Mey.
youngest son of the 4th earl, b. 31 Oct. 1755,
m., 2 Jan. 1784, Jean, 2d da. of Alexander
Campbell, of Barcaldine, and had issue,
1. John, b. 20 July 1788, d. unn. 1912.
2. ALEXANDER, present earl.
3. JAMES, major in the army, b. 24 Oct.
1797, m., 9 March 1819, Elizabeth, da. of
George Tritton, of West Hill, Wandsworth,

4. PATRick-CAMrnell, b. 14 July 1800, in the Bengal army, m. miss M'Gregor, da. of the late major-gen. M'Gregor, E.I.C.S., and d. at Banda, in the East Indies, 13 March 1834. 5. Enic-George, b. 19 Aug. 1801, R.N., d. 26 Sept. 1829. 6. John, in the army, b. 4 July 1808, m., 22 Oct. 1833, Maria-Petronella, youngest da. of John Church, esq. 7. JANET, m., 10 May 1905, James Bu

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GEORGE-SHOLTO DOUGLAS, EARL of MORTON, and Lord Aberdour, co. Fife, a Representative Peer for Scotland; born 23 Dec. 1789; succeeded his cousin, George, 16th earl, 17 July 1827; married, 24 June 1817, Frances, eldest da. of the right hon, sir George-Henry Rose, G.C.H., and has issue, 1. SHOLTO-JOHN, lord Aberdour, b. 13 April 1818, in the army;-2. FRANces-HARRIETT, b. 29 Sept. 1819;-3. GeoRGEHENRY,"b. 5 Oct. 1821 ; –4. HENRY, b. 17 Dec. 1822; — 5. ELLENSusan-ANNE, b. 25 Sept. 1824; – 6. Edwan D-WILLIAM, b. 19 Oct.

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Louisa, b. 18 Sept. 1830;-10. A DA., b. 7 Sept. 1836.

The earls of Morton descend from Andrew de Douglas, 2d son of Archibald de Douglas, whose eldest son, William, was ancestor of the dukes of Douglas. John Douglas, of Laudem and Lochleven, greatgreat-grandson of . Andrew, lived in the reign of king David II., and had, besides other issue, two sons, James, whose great ndson was created earl of Morton; and enry, of. Lochleven, ancestor of the present earl. JAMES DOUGLAS, of Dalkeith, 1st earl of Morton, was so created 14 March 1457–8. His grandson, JAMES, 3d earl, having no male issue, obtained a new settlement of the

title, by virtue of which it devolved, on his
death in 1553, upon JAMES DOUGLAS, of
the house of Angus, who had m. the earl's
da. Elizabeth; on his death, without issue,
upon ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, 8th earl
of Angus; and on his death, also without
issue, in 1588, upon
Sir WILLIAM DOUGLAS, of Lochleven,
who was 7th in descent from Henry, of
Lochleven, above named, and became 6th
earl. He d. 1606, and was succeeded by his
WILLIAM, 7th earl, K.G., and lord high
treasurer of Scotland, who d. 1648, leavin
two sons; ROBERT, 8th earl, and JAMES,

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