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berlain of Dumfermline, a Representative Peer for Scotland, Lieutenant and Sheriff Principal of co. Haddington, and a major-general in the army; borr, 1 Feb. 1787; succeeded his father, George, the late marquess, 9 Aug. 1804. The Marquess was Aid-de-Camp to the duke of Wellington, at the battle of Busaco, 27 Sept. 1810, where he was wounded: married, 1st, 18 Aug. 1813, -—, da. of John Forbes, of Seaton, co. Aberdeen, esq., deceased ; and 2dly, 28 March 1816, Susannah Montagu, 2d da. of William, duke of Manchester, and has issue, –— 1. SUsAN-GE or GIANA, b. 12 March 1817, m., 21 Jan. 1836, James Andrew, lord Ramsay, son of the earl of Dalhousie;—2. HANNAH-CHARLoTTE, b. 12 April 1818; — 3. Louis AJANE, b. 29 July 1819; 4. ELIZABETH, b. 27 Sept. 1820;-5. GEORGE, earl of Gifford, b. 26 April 1822; 6. MELLICENT, b. Sept. 1823, d. Jan. 1826; ––7. ARTHUR, b. 9 Nov. 1824; — 8. WILLIAMMonTAGUE, b. 27 Jan. 1826; –9. A son, b. 28 Aug. 1827;--10. A D.A., b. 1 April 1830; —ll. A son, b. 26 Feb. 1833;—12. A son,

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THE first person of this name who appears in the Scots, records, is William de Haya, who settled in Lothian at the close of the 12th century, and had the office of pincerma domini regis (king's butler), during the reigns of Malcolm IV., and William the Lion. He d. about 1170, leaving issue two sons, 1. William, ancestor of the earls of Errol ; and 2. Robert, ancestor of the marquess of Tweeddale.

John HAY, 12th in descent from Robert, was, 29 Jan. 1487–8, created lord Hay, of Yester, which title descended in regular succession to WILLIAM, 5th lord, who d. 1576, leaving two sons; 1. WILLIAM, 6th lord, who d, without issue male ; and 2. JAMEs, 7th lord, who d. 1609, and was succeeded by his son,

John, 8th lord Yester, created, 1 Dec. 1646, earl of Tweeddale; m., 1st, Jean, da. of Alexander Seaton, 1st earl of Dumfermline, by whom he had,

1. John, 2d earl. He m., 2dly, Margaret, da: of Alexander Montgomery, 6th earl of Eglinton, by whom he had a son,

2. WILLIAM, of Drumelzier, m. and had a numerous issue.

The earl d. 1654, and was succeeded by his

John, 2d earl, created, 17 Dec. 1694, vis-
count Walden, earl of Gifford, and marquess
of Tweeddale; m, Jean, da. of Walter Scott,
1st earl of Buccleuch, and had issue,
1. JOHN, 2d marquess.
2. DAVID, of Belton, m. and left issue.
, 3. ALEXANDER, of Spott, m. and left
6. MARGARET, m. Robert, 3d earl of Rox-
7. JEAN, m. William, 1st earl of March.
The marquess d. 11 Aug. 1697, and was
succeeded by his son,
John, 2d marquess, b. 1645, m., 11 Dec.
1666, Anne, only child and h. of John Mait-
land, duke of Lauderdale, and d. 20 April
1715, having had issue by her,
1. CHARLES, 3d marquess.
2. John, brig.-gen, under the duke of
Marlborough, and col. Scots Greys, d. 1706,
3. WILLIAM, of Newhall, m. Margaret,
only child of John Hay, of Linplum, and
had a numerous issue, of whom John was
of Newhall, and d. 1755, leaving, besides
other issue,
1. William, of Newhall, m., 1st, 23
April 1774, Catherine, only surviving child

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2. GEORGE, 7th marquess. 3. Edward Hay-Mackenzie, m., 3 Ma 1790, Maria, da. and co-h. of George, 6t lord Elibank, and had issue, 1. Isabella, m. John Buckle, esq.; 2. Dorothea, m., 2 July 1813, sir David Hunter-Blair, bart., and d. 22 May 1820; 3. Georgiana, m., 4 Aug. 1821, James, viscount Kelburne, son of George, earl of Glasgow; 4. John, m., 23 April 1828, Anne, 3d da. of sir James Gibson-Craig, bart., and has issue. 4. Dorothea, m., 20 June 1780, James Hay, of Belton, esq. 5. Margaret, m. Alan Macdougal, esq. The marquess d. 20 April 1713, and was succeeded by his son, CHARLEs, 3d marquess, m. Susan, da. of William and Anne, duke and duchess of Hamilton, relict of John, 2d earl of Dundonald, and had, 1. JOHN, 4th marquess. 2. CHARLEs, major-gen., d. wrim. 1 May

3. GEORGE, 6th marquess.
The marquess d. 17 Dec. 1715, and was
succeeded # his som,
John, 4th marquess, m., April 1748,
Frances Carteret, da. of John, earl Gran-
ville, and by her (who d. 21 Dec. 1788) had,
besides other children, who d. young,
l. GEORGE, 5th marquess.
2. CATHERINE, m. .#. William Hay, 2d
son of John, of Newhall, above named,
great-grandson of the 2d, and elder brother
of the 7th marquess.
The marquess d. 1 Dec. 1762, and was suc-
ceeded by his son,
GEorg E, 5th marquess, d. a minor 4 Oct.
1770, and was succeeded by his uncle,
GroRGE, 6th marquess, who d. without
issue 16 Nov. 1787, and was succeeded by
his distant cousin,
GEoRGE, 7th marquess, grandson, as be-
fore stated, of lord William Hay, of New-
hall, 2d son of John, 2d marquess, b. 1753,
m., 18 April 1785, Hannah-Charlotte Mait-
land, da. of James, 7th earl of Lauderdale,
and by her (who d. 8 May 1804) had
1. GEORGE, present marquess.
2, JAMES, Col. in the army, m., 18 Aug.
1813, Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Forbes, of
Seaton, co. Aberdeen, esq., and has issue,

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9. HAN NAH-CHARLorro, m., 28 May Crest—A goat's head crascd argent, armed 1815, John Tharp, of Jamaica, and of Chip- or. penham Park, co. Cambridge, esq. supporter-Two stage proper attired or, 10. Elizabeth, m., 7 June 1813, James- each gorged with a plan collar anure, Jose Hope - Weir, of Cragie Hall and charged with three cinquefoils argent. Blackwood, esq. Motto—Spare nought.

JOHN-WILLIAM-ROBERT KERR, MAnquess and EARL of LOTHIAN, Earl of Ancrum, Viscount of Brien, Baron Kerr, of Newbottle, Morphet, Oxnam, Jedburgh, Dolphingston, Nisbet, and Long-Newton, in Scotland, Lord-Lieutenant of Roxburgh; and Baron Kerr, of Kerraheugh, co. Roxburgh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom ; born 1 Feb. 1794; succeeded his father, William, the late marquess, 27 April 1824; married, 19 July 1831, lady Cecil Talbot, only surviving da. of earl Talbot, and has, -l A SON and heir, earl of Ancrum, b. 12 Aug. 1832;-2. A son, b. 2 Dec. 1833; – 3. A DA., b. 23 Jan. 1835; – 4. A DA., b. 4 June 1836; – 5. A son, b. 11 Aug. 1837.

The marquess of Lothian is male repre- a son, William, 3d earl of Ancrum and of sentative of the house of Kerr, of Ferni- Lothian; and 2dly, Anne, onl surviving hurst, whose ancestor, Ralph Kerr, settled da, of William Stanley, 6th ears of Derby,

in Teviotdale about 1330; and, at the same by whom he had several das., and one son, time, represents, and derives some of his Charles, who, in 1654, succeeded his fatitles from a junior branch of the Kerrs, of ther, as 2d earl of Ancrum, and d. s.p.: Cessfurd (in which family is the title of whereupon the title of Ancrum devolved

duke of Roxburgh). upon his half (and elder) brother, Sir Andrew Kerr, of Fernihurst, 8th in de- WILLIAM, who having m. Anne, countess

scent from Ralph above-named, d. 1545, of Lothian, eldest da. and co-h. of Robert

leaving two sons, 1. John, of Fernihurst, Kerr, 2d earl of Lothian, and grandda. of

who was grandfather of Andrew, created, Mark Kerr, who was created baron New1622, baron Jedburgh; and of Robert, earl bottle 1591, and earl of Lothian 1606, (which of Somerset, K.G., the favourite of king Mark, earl of Lothian, was son and h. of James I. ; 2. Robert, of Ancrum, whose Mark Kerr, of Newbottle, 2d son of sir Angrandson, drew Kerr, of Cessfurd, ancestor of the Robert, in 1633, was created earl of An- dukes of Roxburgh,) was himself created crum, to him and his issue male by his 2d earl of Lothian 1631; and, on his half-browife, with remainder to his issue male what- ther's death, became also earl of Amerum. soever; m., 1st, Elizabeth, da. of sir John He d. 1675, leaving issue, by the said counMurray, of Black-barony, by whom he had tess,

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ROBERT, 4th earl of Lothian and Ancrum : appointed by king William III. lord justice-general and high-commissioner to thefo assembly of the church, in Scotland; and, 1701, created marquess of Lothian; m. Jean, da. of Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll, and by her (who d. 31 July 1712) had issue, 1. WILLIAM, 2d marquess. 2. CHARLEs, director of the chancery in Scotland, m. Janet, da. of sir David Murray, of Stanhope, co. Peebles, bart., and d. 1735, leaving a numerous issue. 3. Joh N, col. 31st foot, d. 1728, unm. 4. MARK, general in the army, and governor of Edinburgh Castle, d. unm. 1752. 5. JAMEs, d. unm. 6. MARY, m. James, marquess of Douglas. 7.8, 9.10. Four other das., all d. young. The marquess d. 15 Feb. 1703, and was succeeded by his son, WILLIAM, 2d marquess, who, on the death of his kinsman, Robert, 3d lord Jedburgh, in 1692, inherited the title of baron Jedburgh, by virtue of a special limitation in the patent of that honour; m. Jean, da. of Archibald, earl of Argyll, and d. 28 Feb. 1722, leaving issue by her 4 das-, and an only son, WILLIAM, 3d marquess, K.T., m., 1st, Margaret, da. of sir Thomas Nicholson, of Kemnay, co. Aberdeen, bart., and by her (who d. 30 Sept. 1759) had issue, 1. WILLIAM-HENRY, 4th marquess. 2, Robert, capt., in the army, killed at Culloden, 16 April 1746. 3. JANE, d. young. The marquess m., 2dly, his cousin, Jean, da. of lord Charles Kerr, 2d son of the 1st marquess, but by her (who d. 26 Dec. 1787) had no issue. . He d. 28 July 1767, and was succeeded by his son, WILLIAM - HENRY, 4th marquess, m. Louisa-Caroline, only da. of Robert, earl of Holdernesse, great-grandda. of Frederick, duke of Schomberg and Leinster, (killed at the battle of the Boyne 1690,) and of CharlesLouis, elector-palatine, by whom (who d. 15 Nov. 1758) he had, 1. WILLIAM-JOHN, 5th marquess. 2. Louis A, m., in 1759, lord George Lemnox, brother to Charles, 3d duke of Richmond, K.G. 3. WILHELMINA-EMILIA, b. 1756, m., 2 Jan. 1783, major-gen. John Macleod, of the o artillery, and d. 23 Sept. 1832. he marquess d. 20 April 1775, and was succeeded by his son, WILLIAM-John, 5th marquess, general in the army, col. 11th regt. of dragoons, and K.T., b. 1737, m., 15 July 1760, Elizabeth, only da. of Chichester Fortescue, of Dro. misken, co., Louth, (by Elizabeth Wellesley, eldest da, of Richard, 1st lord Mornington,) and by her (who d. 27 Dec. 1787) had issue, 1. WILLIAM, 6th marquess. 2. CHARLEs-BEAUCHAMP, b. 19 July 1775, d. 20 March 1816, having m. Elizabeth, da. of William Crump, of Farnham, co. Surrey, esq., and by her (who d. 10 Nov. 1830) had issue, 1. Charles-William-John, in holy orders, b. 3 Sept. 1801. 2. Mark-Henry-James, b. 9 Nov. 1802. 3. Caroline, b. 31 Aug. 1804, m., 4 April 1826, Thomas Pearse, of Highway House, Froyle, Hants. 4. Beauchamp; b. 29 May 1806, m., 15 Aug. 1832, Caroline-Eliza, youngest da, of James Irwine, esq. 5. Charlotte, b. 22 June 1807. 6. Frances, b. 31 March 1809, m., 8 Jan. 1834, K.-G. Hubbock, esq.

7. William, b. 8 Feb. 1811. 8. Elizabeth, b. 19 April 1813, m., 11 Aug. 1835, capt. Edgar Bayly. 3. MARK - Rope RT, rear-admiral of the red, b. 12 Nov. 1776, m., 18 July 1799, Charlotte M'Donnell, countess of Antrim, (see that title in the Peerage of Ireland,) and by her (who d. 26 Oct. 1835) had issue, l 1. Letitia - Louisa, b. 5 May 1800, d. 819. 2. Sydney, b. May 1801, d. an infant. 3. William, b. Aug. 1802, d. 1819. 4. Mark, b. 12 Aug. 1803, d. young. 5. Georgiana - Anne - Emily, b. 3 July 1806, m., 17 Oct. 1825, the hon. and rev. Frederick Bertie, brother to the earl of Abingdon. 6. Caroline - Mary, b. 4 July 1807, m., 29 o 1826, the rev. Horace-R. Pechell. 7. Charles-Fortescue, viscount Dumluce, b. 2 April 1809, d. 28 July 1834. 8. Charlotte-Elizabeth, b. 31 May 1811, m., 29 Aug. 1835, Bertie-George Osborn, eldest son of sir John Osborn, bart. 9, Hugh-Seymour, earl of Antrim, who succeeded his mother, b. 7 Aug. 1812. (See EARL of ANTRIM, in the Peerage of Ireland.) 10. Mark, b. 3 April 1814. 11. Fanny, b. 26 May 1815. 12. Arthur-Schomberg, b. 16 May 1820. 4. Rob ERT, lieut.-col. in the army, secretary to the order of the Thistle, and deputy adjutant-general in Scotland, b. 14 Sept. 1780, m., 14 June 1806, Mary, da. of the rev. Edward Gilbert, of Windsor House, co. Cornwall, and has issue, 1. Elizabeth-Anne, b. 16 May 1807, m., 13 Jan., 1830, major-gen. Sir WilliamMaynard Gomm, K.C.B. 2. Louisa-Grace, b. 15 Sept. 1808, lady of the bedchamber to the duchess of Cambridge. 3. William-Walter-Raleigh, b. 26 Nov. 1809, lieut. in the Austrian service. 4. Georgiana-Christina, b. 22 Feb. 1811, d. 10 July 1827. 5. Edmund-Henry-Sydney, b. 25 Dec. 1812, d. 15 July 1813. 6. Mark-John, b. 4 March 1814, d. 23 July 1821. 7. Mary-Frances, b. 11 July 1815. % Emily-Caroline-Fortescue, b. 27 June 1817. 9. Charles-Hope, b. 12 Nov. 1818, in the army. 10. Henry-Ashburton, b. 28 Jan. 1821. ll. Lucy-Maria, b. 21 June 1822. 12. Robert-Dundas, b. 1 Jan. 1824. 13. Schomberg-Frederick-Ayliffe, b. 12 Sept. 1825, d. July 1832. 5. ELIZABEth, b. 2 Sept. 1765, m. JohnEvelyn-Pierrepoint, 10th baron Dormer. 6. CA poli NE-SYDNEY., b. 8 Sept. 1766, d. unm. Feb. 1829. 7. MARY, b. 5 Dec. 1767, m., 8 Dec. 1788, the hon. gem. Frederick St. John, 2d son of Frederick, 2d viscount Bolingbroke, and d. 6 Feb. 1791. 8. Louis A, b. 30 Nov. 1768, m., 2 June 1793, Arthur Atherley, of Southampton, esq., M.P., and d. 23 June 1819. 9. HARRIET, d. young. The marquess d. 4 Jan. 1815, and was succeeded by his eldest son, WILLIAM, 6th marquess, K.T., created a |. of the United Kingdom, by the title of aron Kerr, of Kerraheugh, co. Roxburgh, 14 July 1821; b. 4 Oct. 1764, m., 1st, 14 April 1793, Harriet, da. of John Hobart, 2d earl of Buckinghamshire, (whose former marriage with Somerset Lowry, earl of Belmore, was dissolved by act of parliament,) and by

| her (who d. 14 July 1805) had issue,

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and Baroness of Strathnaver, co Sutherland; Dowager Duchess of Suther-
land, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom ; born 24 May 1765; suc-
ceeded her father, William, the 17th earl, 16 June 1766; married, 4 Sept.
1785, George, 1st duke of Sutherland, K.G., (who d. 19 July 1833); for
her issue by whom see Duke of SUTHERLAND, in the Peerage of Eng-


This title is the most ancient of any in Great Britain, having continued, without interruption, in the lineal course of descent, for six centuries. While nearly all the other ancient Scotch titles have been changed in their destinations by resignations and new patents, this earldom has remained unaltered, and been transmitted through twenty enerations, in regular order of descent, to LIzABETH, the present possessor. WILLIAM, 1st earl of Sutherland, was eat-grandson of Freskin, a Fleming, who settled in Scotland during the reign of David I. His father, Hugh Freskin, had obtained the o of Sutherland forfeited by the earl of Caithness, when he rebelled 1197; and he was created an earl, by Alexander II., in reward of his assistance in crushing the rebellion of Gillespoe, in 1228, and at the same time to balance the power of the earl of Caithness. He d. 1248, and from him the earldom descended, in an unbroken line from father to son, to WILLIAM, 4th earl, who m. Margaret, eldest da. of king Robert I., and full sister to kin David II., who erected the earldom o Sutherland into a regality, by charter, 10 Nov. 1345. From William, the title descended to JOHN, 9th earl, who d. without

issue, 1514, when it devolved on his only
sister, ELIZABETH, wife of Adam Gor-
don, of Aboyne, 2d son of George, 2d earl
of Huntly, and she was accordingly en-
feoffed in the earldom, 30 June 1515. On
her death it descended to her grandson and
heir, JOHN, 10th earl, and from him,
through a series of eight generations, to the
present countess's grandfather,
WILLIAM, 16th earl, b. 1707, m., 2 April
1734, Elizabeth Wemyss, eldest da. of David,
3d earl of Wemyss, and by her (who d. 20
July 1747) had issue,
1. WILLIAM, 17th earl.
2. Eliza BETh, m., 29 Dec. 1757, her
cousin, the hon. James Wemyss, 3d son of
James, 4th earl of Wemyss, and d. 24 Jan.

The earl d. 7 Dec. 1750, and was succeeded
by his son,
William, 17th earl, b. 29 May 1735, m.,
14 April 1761, Mary, eldest da. and co-heiress
of William Maxwell, of Prestoun, Kircud-
bright, esq., and had issue, Catherine, d. 3
Jan. 1766, and ELIZABETH, the present
countess. The earl d. 16 June 1766, having
survived his countess (who d. of the fatigue
and anxiety, attendant, upon nursing her
husband in his fatal illness) only 16 days.

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