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for Carlisle, and cofferer to prince Charles,— his eldest son, sir Henry Vane, (of whom a full account will be found in Clarendon's History of the Rebellion,) was beheaded on Tower-hill, 14 June 1662, leaving issue, Sir CHRISToPHER WANE, 1st lord Barnard, who was, at the revolution, sworn of the É. council; created baron Barnard, of armard Castle, 8 July 1699; m. Elizabeth, da. of Gilbert Holles, earl of Clare, sister and co-h. of John, duke of Newcastle, and d. 23 Oct. 1723, leaving, 1. GILBERT, 2d lord. 2. WILLIAM, created, 1720, viscount Vane in the peerage of Ireland, d. May 1734, leaving issue, William, 2d viscount Vane, d. 1789, when the title became extinct. GILBERT, 2d lord Barnard, m. Mary, da. of Morgan Randall, esq., and by her (who d. 4 Aug. 1728) had issue, 1. HENRy, 1st earl of Darlington. 2. MoRGAN, comptroller of the stamp office, m. Margaretta, da. of Robert Knight, esq., and only sister and h, of Robert, last lord Catherlough, and d. May 1739, leaving issue by her, (who d. in the same month,) 1. Morgan, comptroller of the stamp office, b. 1738, m., 1st, Anna-Maria-Margaret Upton, (who d. o 19 July 1758,) 2dly, Sarah Brookes, (who d. s.p.,) and 3dly, Catherine Brookes, and d. 11 Nov. 1789, leaving issue, 1. Morgan, b. 4 Oct. 1785, m., 24 July 1832, Sarah Tolson, and has issue, Morgān, b. 22 May 1833; 2. JohnPHenry, b. 12 ril 1788, m., 1807, Eliza Nicholson, and has issue, Henry Morgan, b. 29 Nov. 1808, and Frederick Nicholson, b. 19 Dec. 1809; 3. Catherine-Mary, b. 27 March 1790, d. unm. 19 Feb. 1810. 3. THQMAs, of Staindrop Hall, d. unm. 19 Feb. 1758. 4. GILBERT, lieut.-col. in the army, d. unm. 1772. 5. RANDLE, d. unm. 6. CHARLEs, of Mount Ida, co. Norfolk, m., Feb. 1776, Elizabeth, eldest da. of Richard Wood, esq., and d. 1796, leaving issue jo. (who d. 7 April 1813,) an only da. and h., Henrietta-Elizabeth-Frederica, m., 20 Aug. 1795, sir William Langham, bart., and d. 11 Nov. 1809. 7. ANNE, d. unm. * ELIzABETH, m. sir William Humble, rt. 9. JANE, m. Thomas Staunton, of Stockgrove, Bucks, esq. His lordship d. 8 Sept. 1792, and was succeeded by his son, HENRY, 1st earl, who was, 3 April 1754, created viscount Barnard and earl of Darlington. His lordship m., 1725, Grace, da. of Charles Fitzroy, 1st duke of Cleveland, and co-h. of her brother William, 2d and last duke; and by her (who d. 29 Sept. 1763) had issue,

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6. HENRIETTA, b. 26 Dec. 1738, and d. unm. March 1758. His lordship d. 6 March 1758, and was succeeded by his son, HENRY, 2d earl, b. 1726, m., 10 March 1757, Margaret Lowther, sister to James, 1st earl of Lonsdale, and by her (who d. 11 sp. 1800) had issue, . WILLIAM-HENRY, present duke. 2. GRACE, d. an infant. 3. ELIZABETH, d. young. The earl d. 8 Sept. 1792, and was succeeded by his only son, WILLIAM-HENRY, 1st marquess and present duke. Heir Apparent—HENRY, earl of DARLINGTON, son of the marquess. Creations—Baron Barnard, 8 July 1699; Wiscount Barnard and Earl of Darlington, 3 April 1754; Marquess, 1827; Baron Raby and Duke of Cleveland, 1833. Arms-Quarterly, 1st and 4th. Azure, three left hand gauntlets or—VAN E. 2d and The royal arms of king Charles II., debruised by a baton sinister ermine—FitzRoy, duke of Cleveland. Hois A hand erect o #"; grasping a ger proper, pomel and hilt gol po 2d. On a chapeau, gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant guardant or, ducally crowned azure, and gorged with a collar, counter compony, ermine and azure—FITzRoy. Supporters—Derter, a lion guardant or collared and crowned as the crest. Sinister, a greyhound argent, collared as the dexter, being the *. of Fitzroy, duke of Cleveland, and granted to the then marquess, o warrant, 1827. N.B. The former supporters of the earls of Darlington were—Derter, a griffin, wings elevated argent, gorged with a plain collar azure, charged with three left hand gauntlets or. Sinister, an antelope or, with a like collar, charged with three martlets gold. Motto—Nec temeré, mec timide. Neither rashly, nor diffidently.

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CHARLEs.INGoLDEsby PAULETT, MARquEss of WINCHESTER, Earl of Wiltshire, and Baron St. John, of Basing; Premier Marquess of England, P.C.; succeeded his father, George, the late marquess, 22 April 1800; born 1774 ; married, 31 July 1800, Anne, 2d da. of the late John Andrews, of Shotney Hall, co. Northumberland, esq., and has —l. JOHN, earl of Wiltshire, b. 3 June 1801 ; –2. CHARLEs, b. 11 Aug. 1802, in holy orders, prebendary of Salisbury, and vicar of Wellesbourn, co. Warwick, m., 18 Aug. 1831, Caroline-Margaret, da. of sir John Ramsden, of Byrom, bart, and has issue, 1. Charles, b. 27 Sept. 1832; 2. Cecilia-Louisa, b. 23 Nov. 1835, d. 2 March 1836; 3. a son, b. 23 Dec. 1837; —3. GEoRGE, capt. R.N., b. 12 Aug. 1803, m., 11 July 1835, Georgina, da of general sir George Wood, K.C.B., of Ottersham Park, co. Surrey, and has issue, George, b. 16 June 1836;—4. WILLIAM, b. 7 July 1804, major 68th foot; —5. ANNABELLA, b. 6 Aug. 1805, m., 6 Aug. 1827, William Ramsden, esq., captain R.N., son of sir John Ramsden, bart. ; –6. CEcILIA, b. 21 Nov. 1806;-7. FREDERick, in the Coldstream guards, b. 12 May 1810.

HERCULEs, lord of Tournon, in Picardy, ancestor of this family, coming into England temp. Henry I., and settling in the lordship of PAULET, co. Hants, assumed the name of the Fo of his residence, as was universally the custom at that period; sixth in lineal descent from him was sir John PAULET, of Paulet and Gotehurst, co. Somerset, m. Elizabeth, da. and h. of sir Thomas Reyney, of Shirston, co. Somerset, and d. 1356, leaving issue a son and heir, sir, John, who d. 1378, having m. Elizabeth, da. and h. of William Creedy, of Creedy, co. Devon, bv whom he had 2 sons, 1. Thomas, ancestor of the earls Paulet (see that title); and 2. William, serjeant-at-law, from whom descended the dukes of Bolton, extinct, and the present marquess of Winchester.

Sir John PAULET, son and heir of William, m. Constance, grandda. and co-h. of sir Thomas Poynings, lord St. John, of Basing; and was great-grandfather of

Sir WILLIAM PAULET, K. G., who filled many of the highest offices of state in the reign of o WIII., and was one of the executors of that king's will. He was lord high treasurer of England in the reigns of Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth; created baron St. John, of Basing, 9 March 1538, earl of Wiltshire, 19 Jan. 1549, and marquess of Winchester, 12 Oct. 1551. He m. Elizabeth, da: of sir William Capel, knt., lord mayor of London, (ancestor of the earls of Essex,) and died at a very advanced age, 10 March 1572, having lived to see 103 descendants of his own body. He was suc


ceeded by his eldest son,
JOHN, 2d marquess, who d. 1576, leaving

WILLIAM, 3d marquess, who d. 1598,
leo issue,
WILLIAM, 4th marquess, m. Lucy, da.
of Thomas Cecil, 1st earl of Exeter, and
had issue,
1. JOHN, 5th marquess.
2. HENRy, ancestor of the present mar-
quess, of whom hereafter.
He d. 4 Feb. 1628, and was succeeded by
his son,
John, 5th marquess, who was the father
of CHARLES,6th marquess, created,9April
1689, duke of Bolton, in whose descendants
that title continued through a succession
of six dukes, till 25 I)ec. 1794, when, on the
death of Harry, duke of Bolton, without
issue male, the dukedom became extinct,
but his other titles devolved on his 4th
cousin, George Paulet, of Amport, co.
Hants, whose descent we now proceed to
Lord HENRY-PAULET, 2d surviving son
of the 4th marquess above mentioned, was
seated at Amport, co. Hants ; m. Lucy,
da, of sir George Philpot, of Thruxton,
* and d. 1672, leaving issue, a son and
FRANcis PAULET, of Amport, m. Eliza-
beth, da. and h. of sir Richard Norton, of
Rotherfield, Hants, and d. 1696, leaving
issue an only son,
Norton PAULET, who d. in June 1741,
leaving issue by Jane, his wife, da. of sir
Charles Morley, of Droxford, Hants, 8
1. Norton, M.P. for Winchester, m. but
d. S.p. 1759.
2. HENRY, capt. in the army, d. unm.
3. John, in the army, d. unm. in Ger-
4. CHARLEs, capt. R.N., d. unm. 1762.
5. WiLLIAM, in the navy, d. unm. 1772.
6. HERBERT, capt. in the army, d. unm.

7. FRANcis, d. a minor, at Cambridge,


8. GEORGE, who, surviving all his bro-
thers, succeeded on the death of Harry,
6th duke of Bolton, 1794, to the titles of
marquess of Winchester, earl of Wiltshire,
and barom St. John.

GEoRGE, 12th marquess of Winchester,
m. Martha, da. of Thomas Ingoldesby, esq.,
by whom (who d. 14 March 1796) he had
1. URANIA-ANNE, m., 1st, Henry de
Burgh, 1st marquess of Clanricarde, by
whom she was left a widow without issue, 8
Dec. 1787; 2dly, Peter Kington, esq., who
d. 14 July 1807; and 3dly, vice-admiral sir
Joseph-Sidney Yorke, K.C.B., who d. 4 May

2. CHARLES, present marquess.
3. HENRy, K.C.B., vice-admiral of the
white, m., 26 Oct. 1813, Maria, youngest da.
of Edwald Ravenscroft, of Portland Place,
esq., and d. 28 Jan. 1832, having had issue,
1. Sir Henry-Charles, lieut. 2d dragoon
ards, b. 1 Aug. 1814, created a baronet 18
Iarch 1836 (see Debrett's New Baronetage).
2. Anna-Maria, b. 20 June 1815.
3. Frances-Emma, b. 5 Aug. 1816, d.

4. Urania, b, 28 July 1820.
5. Edward, b. 28 Feb. 1825.
The marquess dying 22 April 1800, was
succeeded by his eldest son,
CHARLEs, present and 13th marquess.
Heir Apparent—John, earl of Wiltshire,
eldest son of the marquess.
Creations—Baron St. John, of Basing, 9
March 1538; Earl of Wiltshire, 19 Jan.
1549; Marquess of Winchester, 12 Oct. 1551.
Arms—Sable, three swords in pile, points
downwards proper, pomels and hilts or.
Crest—A falcon, wings displayed or, belled
of the same and ducally collared gules.
Supporters—Two hinds purpure semée of
estoiles and ducally gorged or.
Motto—Aimez loyaulte. Love loyalty.

HENRY PETTY-FITZMAURICE, MARquess of LANDSDOWNE, Earl of Wycombe, Viscount Calne, and Calnstone, Baron Wycombe, of Chipping Wycombe, co. Bucks, in England, Earl of Kelly and Shelburne, Viscount Clanmaurice and Fitzmaurice, Baron of Kerry, Lixnaw, and Dunkeron, in Ireland, and Lord President of the Council, K.G., P.C., F.R.S., D.C.L. ; born 2 July 1780, succeeded his half-brother, John-HENRy, the late marquess, 15 Nov. 1809; married, 30 March 1808, Louisa-Emma, 5th da. of Henry-Thomas, 2d earl of Ilchester, principal lady of the bedchamber to her Majesty, and has issue, −1. WILLIAM.THOMAs, earl of Kerry, b. 24 March 1811, m., 18 March 1834, Augusta-LaviniaPriscilla, 2d da, of viscount Duncannon, and d. 21 Aug. 1836, leaving

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2. Louisa, b. 21 Jan. 1813; 3.

HENRY, earl of Shelburne, M.P. for Calne, b. 7 Jan. 1816.

This noble family is descended from the same common ancestor with the duke of Leinster, the lords Windsor, the Carews, &c., Otho de Windsor, a powerful baron temp. Edward the Confessor. Walter FitzOtho, Castellan of Windsor 1078, had 2 sons, William, ancestor of the lords Windsor, and Giraldus. Maurice Fitzgerald, eldest son of Giraldus, was ancestor of the duke of Leinster; William Fitzgerald, 2d son of Giraldus, had also 2 sons; from Odo, the eldest, the barons Carew derived their descent; and the 2d, Raymond, (surnamed le Gros,) was father of Maurice, whose son, Thomas, was lord of Kerry, and adopted the surname of Fitzmaurice, which was continued by his descendants. THoMA's FitzMAURICE, 21st baron Kerry, and 14th in descent from Thomas above named, b. 1668, was advanced to the dignities of viscount Clanmaurice, and earl of Kerry, 17 Jan. 1722. His lordship m., 14 Jan. 1692, Anne, only da. of the celebrated sir William Petty, knt., M.D., (by Elizabeth Waller, in her own right baroness Shelburne, da. of sir Hardress Waller, and relict of sir Maurice Fenton, bart.,) and sister of Henry Petty, earl of Shelburne, and had issue by her, (who d. Nov. 1737,) 1. WILLIAM, 2d earl. 2. THoxt As; 3. JAMEs, both d. young. 4. Thom As, d. unm. 5. John, created earl of Shelburne, of whom hereafter. 6. Elizabeth-ANNE, m., in Dec. 1712, Maurice Crosbie, lord Brandon, d. 17 Dec. 1757. 7. ARABELLA, m. Arthur Denny, of Tralee Castle, esq., who d. 1742. 8. CHARLoTTE, m., 1741, sir John-Conway Colthurst, of Ardrum, co. Cork, bart. The earl d. 16 March 1741, and was succeeded by his eldest son, WILLIAM, 2d earl of Kerry, b. 1694, governor of Ross Castle, a col. in the Coldstream regiment of foot guards, a privy counsellor, and custos rotulorum co. Kerry, m., 1st, 1730, Elizabeth Moss, who d. without issue 29 Feb. 1736; and 2dly, 29 June 1738, Gertrude, eldest da. of Richard Lambart, 4th earl of Cavan, and had issue by her (who m., 2dly, 7 July 1750, James Tilson, of Halice, esq., and d. Oct. 1775) an only son, 1. FRANcis-Thomas, 3d earl. 2. ANNA-MARIA, b. 6 Oct. 1741, 1 ... Mourice Fitzgerald, of Innesmore, knt. o' is croy. The earl d. 4 April 1747, and was succceded by his only son, * FRANcis-Thomas, 3d earl and 23d baron Kerry, b. 9 Sept. 1740, m., March 1768, Anastasia, da. and co-h. of Peter Daly, of Queensbury, co. Galway; esq., and by her (who d. 9 April 1799) had no issue. . He d. 4 July 1818, when the titles of earl of Kerry, &c., devolved on his cousin, the present marquess. John FitzMAURice, youngest son of Thomas, 21st baron and 1st earl of Kerry, in Ireland, succeeded to the estates of his matermal uncle, HENRY PETTY, earl of Shelburne, (who d. without surviving issue 17 April 1741, when the title became extinct,) on condition of taking the name and arms of PETTY; he was created baron of Dunkeron, viscount Fitzmaurice, 7 Oct. 1751, had the title of earl of Shelburne revived in his person 6 June 1753, and was created a

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GEORGE-FERRARS TOWNSHEND, MARQUEss TOWNSHEND, Earl of Leicester, Wiscount Townshend, of Rainham, Baron de Ferrars, of Chartley, Compton, Townshend of Lynn, and a Bart., High Steward of Tamworth; born 13 Dec. 1778; succeeded his father, George, the late marquess, 27 July 1811; married, 12 May 1807, Sarah Gardner, only child of William Dunn Gardner, esq., of Chatteris, in the Isle of Ely.

THIs family has long flourished co. Norfolk. John Townsh END, son of sir Roger, was of Rainham, in Norfolk, (the present seat of this family,) as appears by his will, dated 1465. His son, Roger, was returned for Calne, and in the 1st Edward W. was constituted a serjeant-at-law; the following year, was appointed one of the justices of Common Pleas, which office he retained till his death, in 1492; he m. Anne, da. and coheiress of sir William de Brewse, knt., and had a numerous issue; 5th in descent from him was Roger, who, in 1617, was create a bart., m. Mary, 2d daughter and coheiress of Horatio, lord Vere, of Tilbury, and had issue two sons and five das. ; he d. 1 Jan. 1636, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son, sir Roger ; on whose death, s.p. in 1640, that title devolved upon his brother, HoRATIo, 1st viscount Townshend; in 1660 he was elected for the co. Norfolk, and was deputed with several other members to wait on the king at the Hague, and invite him to “return to his dominions, and take the government thereof into his own hands;” in consequence of his loyalty, he was advanced to the dignity of the peerage, by the title of Baron Townshend, of Lynn-Regis, co. Norfolk, and, 1682, was created viscount Townshend, of Raynham ; he was twice m.; by his first wife, Mary, da. and h, of Edward Lewknor, of Denham, co. Suffolk, he had no issue; by his 2d wife, Mary, da. of sir Joseph Ashe, bart., he had, 1. CHARLEs, 2d viscount. 2. Rog ER, d. unm. 3. HoRAT io, d. 1751, leaving a son, Horatio, who d. S.p., and a da., Letitia, m. Brownlow, 9th earl of Exeter. The viscount d. 1686, and was succeeded by his eldest son, CHARLEs, 2d viscount, K.G., lord-lieutenant of Ireland, secretary of state, 1721, &c., m., 1st, Elizabeth, 2d da. of Thomas, lord Pelham, and sister of Thomas PelhamHolles, duke of Newcastle, by whom he had Issue, 1. CHARLEs, 3d viscount. 2. Thom As, b. 2 Jan. 1701, father of the 1st viscount SYDNEY (see that title). 3. WiLLIAM, father of the 1st baron BAYNiNG (see that title). 4. Roger, d. unm. 7 Aug. 1760. 5. ELIZABETH, m. Charles, 1st earl Cornwallis.

His lordship m., 2dly, in July 1713, Dorothy, sister of Robert Walpole, 1st earl of Orford, K.G., and by her (who d. 29 March 1726) had issue,

6. GEorg E, admiral R.N., b. 29 Oct. 1716, d. unm. in 1769.

7. AUGUSTUs, captain in the East India service, d. 1746.

8. Horatio, d. Feb. 1764.

9. Richak D, d. young.

10. Edward, D.D., b. 11 May 1727, dean of Windsor, m., May 1747, Mary, da., of general Price, and d. 27 Jan. 1765, leaving

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dward, in holy orders, m., 23 March 1789, Louisa-Sarah, da. of sir William Milner, bart. 2. Mary; 3. Elizabeth. 4. Charlotte, m., 1st, 12 May 1773, John Norris, esq. (who d. 1777); and 2dly, 1779, Thomas Fauquier, esq. (who d. 1825). 11. DoRothy, m., May 1743, to Spencer Cowper, dean of Durham, brother to William, 2d earl Cowper (who d. May 1779). 12. MARY, m., 17 March 1753, lieut.-gen. Edward Cornwallis, uncle to Charles, 1st marquess; and d. 29 Dec. 1776. His lordship dying in June 1738, was succeeded by his son, CHARLEs, 3d viscount, who was summoned to parliament 1723, during the lifetime of his father, as baron Townshend of Lynn, m., May 1723, Audrey, da. and sole h...?Edward Harrison, of Balls, co. Hertford, esq., governor of Fort St. George, Madras, by whom (who d. 9 March 1788) he had issue, 1. GEORGE, 1st marquess. 2. Right hon. CHARLEs, m., 15 Aug. 1775, Caroline, da. and h. of John, 2d duke of Argyll and Greenwich, and widow of the earl of Dalkeith, eldest son of the duke of Buccleuch (created baroness GREENwich, but dying without issue male, Jan. 1794, the barony became extinct). By this lady he had two sons, who d. without issue before their mother, and a da., Anne, b. 29 June 1756, m., 1st, 22 March 1779, Richard Wilson, of Tyrone, in Ireland, esq.; and, 2dly, to John Tempest, of Lincolnshire, esq., and d. 1825. 3. Edward, d. 29 June 1731. 4. Roger, lieut.-col. in the army, killed at Ticonderago, 25 July 1759. 5. AUDREY, m. Roger Orme, co. Devon, esq., and d. Feb. 1781.

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