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From 25 July to 2 Aug. his lordship was engaged in a series of actions with marshal Soult in the passes of the Pyrenees, the result of which was the defeat of the enemy, and their retreat into France. These operations were followed by the capture of St. Sebastian, by storm, on 31 Aug., and the defeat of the enemy on the same day, on the heights of San Marcial, and the surrender of the important fortress of Pampeluna, by capitulation, 31 Oct. On 8 Nov. he again received the unanimous thanks of both houses of parliament; and having established his army on the French territory, by the successive passages of the Bidassoa, the Nivelle, and the Nive, he concluded, under the walls of Bayonne, a campaign which commenced on the frontiers of Portugal. n 1814, he attacked marshal Soult's sitions near Orthes, on 27 Feb., and having forced them at all points, compelled him to abandon the road to Bordeaux, to which important city he immediately pushed forward a detachment, which entered it on 12 March. For these great services, he received, for the 11th time, the unanimous thanks of parliament. On 10 April, bein then unapprised of the happy events ...; had occurred at Paris, he again defeated marshal Soult in front of Toulouse, of which city he obtained possession on the 12th. On 23 April, a convention was concluded with France, in consequence of the restoration of the house of Bourbon; and on 3 May, his lordship received the last honorary reward in the power of a British sovereign to bestow, being on that day created marquess of Douro and duke of Wellington. On the 12th of the same month, the house of commons, in consequence of a message from the Prince Regent, resolved that the further sum of £400,000 should be ranted to field marshal the duke of Welington, to be laid out in the purchase of lands and tenements to descend with the title; and in the event of the title becoming extinct, by the failure of heirs male, the estates to descend to the female descendants of his grace. On the 27th, votes of congratulation and thanks to him were unanimously passed o both houses for the 12th time. On the following day his grace was introduced into the house of lords between the dukes of Richmond and Beaufort, and having taken his seat, the resolution of the preceding evening was notified to him in a suitable eulogium by lord (chancellor) Eldon; and having expressed a wish to thank the house of commons in person, his grace was introduced on the 1st July to the representatives of the British nation, who rose to do him honour as soon as he appeared at their bar, and greeted him with the most enthusiastic cheers. However marvellous this series of eminent services in which Providence had been leased to crown the grandest efforts of uman prudence and courage with the most unvaried success, it was but the prelude to that victory, which raised the character of this hero to a height never before attained. The allies had no sooner withdrawn those troops, at the head of which they replaced Louis on his throne, than Buonaparte returned from Elba, and the king was once more obliged to seek refuge in the bosom of foreign states. Europe again rose, and
Napoleon advanced to meet its legions; it seemed to have been ordained that the conflict which had subsisted for more than 20 years should remain undecided till the two mighty leaders who had so long electrified the world, should, for the first time, meet hand to hand, and on the 18th day of June 1815; this great conflict took place on the »lains of Waterloo. To attempt to particuarize any of the events of !. day, the limits of this work would not allow ; suffice it to say, that the duke of Wellington seizing an opportunity which the delay of a moment night have lost, destroyed that army which had so long been the terror of Europe; clouded for ever the almost romantic fame of its leader, and crumbled his throne into dust. A due measure of gratitude for such services could not have been rendered, but the nation did its best. On the 23d June, the thanks of both houses of parliament were once more voted to him, “ for the constirn inate o (to use the very words of parliament, on the occasion,) unexampled exertion, and irresistible ardour displayed by him on the 18th of June;” and on the 11th of the following month, the additional sumn of £2 w", who was granted to him towards the purchase of lands, and the building on them a suitable mansion; such estates to be holden by him and his heirs, in free and common socage by fealty, and rendering to his majesty, his heirs and successors, on the 18th of June in every year, at his castle of Windsor, one tricoloured flag, for all manner of rents, services, exactions, and demands. on the death of h. R. h. the duke of York, his grace was made commander-inchief of the forces, and so continued till 1828, when he was appointed first lord of the treasury, which office he held till 1831: upon the dissolution of the Melbourne administration in 1834, the full energies of the duke were again called into action, and until the return of sir Robert Peel from the continent, he alone exercised the functions of most of the great officers of state; upon sir Robert taking office as prime minister, his grace accepted that of secretary of state for foreign affairs, which he resigned in the following spring. Heir Apparent — ARTHUR, marquess of Dou Ro, eldest son of the duke. Creations – Baron Douro and Wiscount Wellington, of Talavera, 4 Sept. 1809; Earl of Wellington, 28 Feb. 1812; Marquess of Wellington, 18 Aug. 1812; and Marquess of Douro and Duke of Wellington, 3 May 1814. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th. Gules, a cross argent, in each quarter five plates in saltire–WELLEs. Ev. 2d and 3d. Or, a lion rampant gules, ducally collared, gold —Cowl Ey. Over all, in the centre chief point, an escocheon of augmentation charged with the union. Crest–Out of a ducal coronet or, a demilion rampant gules, holding in the paws, a forked pennon argent flowing to the sinister, charged with the cross of St. George, and the ends gules. Supporters—Two lions, gules, gorged with eastern coronets and chained or. Motto— Virtutis fortuna comes. Fortune the companion of valour.
RICHARD - PLANTAGENET TEMPLE-NUGENT - BRYDGESCHANDOS-GRENVILLE, DUKE and MARQUEss of BUCKINGHAM and CHANDOS, Earl Temple, Earl Temple of Stowe, and Viscount and Baron Cobham in the United Kingdom, and Earl Nugent in Ireland, G.C.H.; born 11 Feb. 1797, succeeded his father, Richard, Ist duke, 17 Jan. 1839; married, 13 May 1819, Mary, youngest da of John Campbell, 1st marquess of Breadalbane, and has issue, L-1. RICHARD-Pi,ANTAGENET-CAMPBELL, marquess of Chandos, b. 10 Sept. 1823; —2. ANNE-ELIZA-MARY, b. 7 Feb. 1820.
THE family of Grenville, of Wootton, co. Bucks, is a younger branch of the Grenvilles, or Granvilles, of Devonshire, whose descent from Rollo, the 1st duke of Normandy, is recited and acknowledged in a warrant from king Charles II: to sir John Grenville, earl of Bath, authorizin him to use the titles of earl of Corboil, Thorigny, and Granville, which had been, borne by his ancestor, Richard de Grenville, who d. 7. RICHARD GRENvil LE, of Wootton aforesaid, esq., m., 1710, HESTHER, eldest da-, of sir Richard Temple, of Stowe,.co. Bucks, bart., and sister of Richard, viscount and baron Cobham. On the death of her said brother, this lady, pursuant to an especial limitation in his patent of creation, became viscountess and baroness Cobham, to her and the heirs male of her body, and was further advanced, 18 Oct. 1749, to the dignity of countess Temple. The issue of the countess by Richard Grenville were, 1. RICHARD, earl Temple. 2. The right hon, GeoRGE, first lord of the treasury and chancellor of the Exchequer, b. 14 3. 1719, m., 1749, Elizabeth, da. of sir William Wyndham, bart, and d. 13 Nov. 1770, leaving issue by her, (who d. 5 Dec. 1769,) 1. GEorge, late marquess. 2. The right hon. Thomas, b. 31 Dec. 1755, some time first lord of the admiralty; chief-justice in Eyre, south of Trent. 3. William-Wyndham, Baron GRENville, of Woottom, co. Bucks, so created 25 Nov. 1790, chancellor of Oxford, auditor of the Exchequer, governor of the charter-house, and high steward of Bristol, &c., P.C., D.C.L., F.R., and A.S., b. 25 Oct. 1759, m., 18 July 1792, Anne, sister and sole h. of Thomas, last lord Camelford, but d. s.p., 12 Jan. 1834, when the title became extinct. 4. Charlotte, b. 14 Sept. 1754, m., 21 Dec. 1771, the late sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, bart., and d. 29 Sept. 1832.
5. Elizabeth, b. 24 Oct. 1756, m. JohnJoshua, 1st earl of Carysfort, K.P. 6, Hesther, b. 23 Nov. 1760, m. Hugh, earl Fortescue. 7. Catherine, b. 1761, m. Richard, 2d baron Braybrooke. 3. JAMES, successively a lord of trade, deputy paymaster of the forces, a lord of the treasury, cofferer of the household, and a privy counsellor, m., 1740, Mary, da. and h. of James Smyth, of Harden, #. and d. Sept. 1783, having had issue by her, (who d. 14 Dec. 1757,) 1. James, created, 1797, Baron GLAsToNBURY, but d. unm. 26 April 1825, when the title became extinct. 2. Richard, a general and col. of the 32d foot, d. unm. 22 April 1823. 4. HENRY, b. 1717, governor of Barbadoes 1747, and ambassador to the Porte 1762, 77t., 11 Oct. 1757, Margaret-Eleanora, da. of Joseph Banks, of Revesby Abbey, co. Lincoln, esq., and d. 22 April 1784, leaving issue by her (who d. 19 June 1793) an o da., Louisa, b. 10 Aug. 1758, m. Charles, 3d earl Stanhope. 5, THQMAs-HENRY, capt. R.N., b. 4 April 1719, killed in action 8 May 1747, unm. 6. HESTHER, m., 16 Nov. 1754, William Pitt, 1st earl of Chatham. The countess d. 7 Oct. 1752, and was succeeded by her eldest son, RICHARD, earl Temple, K.G., m. Anne, da, and co-h. of Thomas Chambers, of Han. worth, co. Middlesex, esq., and by her (who d. May 1777) had an only child, ELIZABETH, d. 1742, aged 4. The earl d. 11 Sept. 1779, and was succeeded by his nephew, GEORGE, 2d earl, b. 17 June 1753, obtained the royal sign manual, 2 Sept. 1779, authorizing him to take the names of Nugent and Temple before that of Grenville, and to sign the name of Nugent before all titles of honour; created Marquess of Buckingham, 4 Dec. 1784; appointed lord-lieutenant of Ireland 1782, and $. in 1787; succeeded to the title of earl Nugent in Ireland, on the
death of his father-in-law, Robert, earl Nugent, 13 Oct. 1788; m., 16 April 1775, MaryElizabeth, only da., and h. of the abovenamed Robert, earl Nugent, and by her (who was created, 29 Dec. 1800, baroness NUGENT, in Ireland, with limitation to her 2d son, George, and d. 16 March 1813) had
GEORGE-GRANVILLE LEVESON-GOWER, DUKE of SUTHERLAND, Marquess of Stafford, Earl Gower, Wiscount Trentham, Baron Gower, of Stittenham, and a Baronet, Lord-Lieutenant of Sutherlandshire; succeeded his father, George-Granville, late duke, 19 July 1833; born 6 Aug. 1786; summoned to parliament, by writ, 29 Nov. 1826, and placed in his father's barony of Gower, of Stittenham; married, 28 May 1823, Harriet-Elizabeth-Georgiana, 3d da, of the present earl of Carlisle, K.G., (Mistress of the Robes to her Majesty,) and has issue, L-1. ELIzABETH-GEoRGIANA, b. 30 May 1824; –2. Evely N, (a da.,) b. 8 Aug. 1825; 3. CARo1.1NE, b. 15 April 1827;-4. GEORGE-GRANVILLE-WILLIAM, marquess of Stafford, b. 19 Dec. 1828;-5. BLANCHE-JULIA, b. 26 June 1830, d. 24 Feb. 1832;-6. FREDERIck, b. 11 Nov. 1832; —7. Cox's TAN ce-GERT RUDE, b. 16 June 1834;— 8. Victor 1A, b. 16 May 1838.
This family is one of the most ancient in Yorkshire. Sir ALLAN Gower, of Stittenham, at the time of the Norman Conquest, was sheriff co. York 1066, and from him,
in a direct line, the family have continued
seated at Stittenham down to the present
created a bart., 2 June 1620; his son and heir, sir Thomas, m. Frances, da. and coheiress of sir John Leveson, of Haling, co. Kent, knt., since which match, the family have constantly used the surname of Leveson in addition to Gower. Sir Thomas's grandson, Sir John Leveson-Gowe R, 4th bart., was created baron Gower, of Stittenham, 16 March 1703; m. Catherine, eldest da. of John Manners, 1st duke of Rutland; and by her (who d. 7 March 1722) had issue, 1. John, 2d baron and 1st earl. 2. WILLIAM, m., 26 May 1730, Anne, da. of sir Thomas Grosvenor, bart., (ancestor of the present marquess of Westminster,) and d. 13 Dec. 1756, leaving issue one da-, Catherine. 3. THOMAs, d. unm. 12 Aug. 1727. 4. BAPTIST, d. 2 Aug. 1782. 5. CAT HARINE, d. unm. 20 April 1712. 6. JANE, m. John Proby, esq. (ancestor of the present earl of Carysfort.) His lordship d. 10 Sept. 1709, and was succeeded by his son, John, 2d baron, created, 8 July 1746, viscount Trentham, and earl Gower; m., 1st, 18 March 1712, Evelyn, youngest da. of Evelyn Pierrepont, duke of Kingston, and by her (who d. 26 June 1727) had issue, 1. John, d. 15 July 1723. 2. WILLIAM, d. unm. 14 April 1739. 3. GRAN VILLE, 1st marquess. 4. Rich ARD, d. unm. 19 Oct. 1753. 5. CAT HARINE, d. an infant. f % GERTRUDE, m. John, 4th duke of Bedord. 7. MARY, m. the rev. sir Richard Wrottesley, bart., and d. 1 May 1778. 8. JANE, d. May 1737, unm. 9. FRANCEs, m., 1 Jan. 1743, lord JohnPhilip Sackville, son to the 1st duke of Dorset, by whom she had issue, and d. 26 June 1788. 10. ELIZABETH, m. John, 3d earl Waldegrave. 11. EvelyN, m, 1st, John, 1st earl of Upper Ossory; and 2dly, in 1759, Richard Vernon, esq. The earl m., 2dly, 31 Oct. 1733, Penelope, da. of sir John Stonehouse, bart., relict of sir Henry Atkins, bart., by whom (who d. 13 Aug. 1735) he had only one da., 12. PEN ELope, who d, an infant. The earl m., 3dly, in 1736, Mary, da. and co-h. of Thomas, 6th earl of Thanet, and widow of Anthony Grey, earl Harold, brother to the marchioness de Grey, and only son of Henry, duke of Kent, by whom (who d. 19 Feb. 1785) he had issue, besides 2 sons and a da., who d. infants, 13. John-LEveson, b. 1743, admiral R.N., d. 15 .# 1792; having m., 6 July 1773, Frances, da. of admiral Edward Boscawen, brother to Hugh, 2d viscount Falmouth, by whom he had, 1. John, b. 25 June 1774, a gen. in the army, m., 27 Dec. 1796, Mary, da. of P. Broke, of Brokes-hall, co. Suffolk, esq., and sister of sir P.-B.-W. Broke, bart., K.C.B., and d. Sept. 1816, leaving issue by her, (who d. 28 May 1817,) 1. John, b. 1802, m., 18 April 1825, Charlotte-Gertrude-Elizabeth, da. of col. and lady Harriet Mitchell, and has issue, John-Edward, b. 20 March 1826; Gertrude-Harriet-Mary, b. 12 March 1829; a da., b. 18 Sept. 1834; 2. Edward, in the army; 3. Mary, b. 17 May 1798; 4. Isabella, b. Aug. 1803, m., 8 Sept. 1825, John Thomas Selwin, esq., of Downehall, co. Essex, brother of sir Henry Ibbotson, bart.; 5. Anastasia, b, 10 May 1810. 2. Edward-Leveson, rear-admiral of the
blue, b. 3 May 1776. 3. Augustus, d. 4. William, b. 6 Aug. 1779, m., Aug. 1804, Catharine, da. and heiress of sir Thomas Gresham, bart., and by her (who d. 7 Oct. 1808) had issue, 1. William, b. 23 Nov. 1806, of Titsey-park, co. Surrey, (which he inherited from his maternal grandfather, sir Thomas Gresham above named,) m., 17 June 1834, Emily-Josephine, 2d da. of sir Francis-Hastings Doyle, bart., and has issue, a da., b. 11 June 1835; a da. b. Nov. 1836; a son and heir, b. 25 Feb. 1838; 2. Catherine, b. 19 Aug. 1805; 3. Frances-Elizabeth, b. 25 Sept. 1808. 5. Frances, b. 12 Oct. 1782, m., 11 Oct. 1813, John Ward, esq. 6. Elizabeth, b. 19 Nov. 1784, m., Aug. 1803, John-Tillie Coryton, of Corkenden, co. Cornwall, esq., and d. 13 March 1824. 7. Granville, in holy orders, b. May 1788, rector of Penkeville and St. Mabyn, co. Cornwall, and of Tatsfield and Titsey, co. Surrey. The earl d. 25 Dec. 1754, and was succeeded by his son, GRAN ville, 1st marquess, 2d earl, and 3d baron Gower of Stittenham, K.G.; b. 4 Aug. 1721, created, 28 Feb. 1786, marquess of Stafford, m., 1st, 23 Dec. 1744, Elizabeth, da, of Nicholas Fazakerley, esq., and by her (who d. 19 May 1745) had issue, 1. John, d. an infant. The marquess m., 2dly, 28 March 1748, Louisa Egerton, da. of Scroope, 1st duke of Bridgewater, (by Rachel Russel, da, of Wriothesley, 2d duke of Bedford,) and by her (who d. 14 March 1761) had issue, 2. Louis A, b. 22 Oct. 1749, m., 25 Dec. 1777, the right hon., sir Archibald Macdonald, bart., late lord chief baron of the exchequer, uncle to Alexander, lord Macdonald, and d. his widow, 29 Jan. 1827. 3. CARoll NE, b. 2 Nov. 1753, m. Frederick, 5th earl of Carlisle, K.G. 4. GEORGE-GRAN VILLE, 1st duke. 5. ANNE, b. 22 Feb. 1761, m., 5 Feb. 1784, the right hon. dr. Edward Vernon, (now Harcourt,) lord archbishop of York, and d. 16 Nov. 1832. The marquess m., 3dly, 23 May 1768, Susannah Stewart, da. of Alexander, 7th earl of Galloway, and by her (who d. 15 Aug. 1805) had issue, 6. GEORGIANA-AUGUSTA, b. 13 April 17 m. William, present earl of St. German's. 7. CHARLOTT E-Soph I.A., b. 11 Jan. 1771, golenty-Charles, 6th duke of Beaufort,
8. SUSANNA, b. 1772, m. Dudley, earl of Harrowby. 9. GRANV, LLE, created, 2 May 1833, earl Granville. (See earl Granville.) The marquess d. 26 Oct. 1803, and was succeeded by his eldest son, GEo RGE-GRAN ville, 2d marquess, and 1st duke, K.G., P.C., b. 9 Jan. 1758, summoned to parliament in his father's lifetime as baron Gower of Stittenham; created duke of Sutherland by patent, 14 Jan. 1833, m., 4 Sept. 1785, Elizabeth, countess of Sutherland and baroness of Strathnaver in her own right, (see Count Ess of SUTHERLAND, in the Peerage of Scotland,) and had issue, d # GEORGE-GRAN VILLE, the present uke. 2. CHARLoTTE-Sophia, b. 8 June 1788, m., 27 Dec. 1814, Henry, earl of Surrey, only son of Bernard-Edward, duke of Norfolk. 1so WILLIAM, b. 4 June 1792, d. 14 Sept. 93. 4. ELIZABETH-MARY, b, 8 Nov. 1797, m., 16 Sept. 1819, Richard, earl Grosvenor. 5, FRANCIS, P.C., for England and Ire
land, D.C.L., M.P. for the southern division
2. Francis, (twin with George,) d. an infant. 3. Francis, b. 1824. 4. Algernon, b. 2 Jan. 1826. 5. Arthur-Frederick, b. 6 Feb. 1829.
ceeded by his eldest son,
present and 2d
6. Alice-Harriet-Frederica, b. 10 Oct. Crest—A wolf passant argent, collared and
1830. lined or. 7. A son, b. 2 Oct. 1834. - Supporters—Two wolves (sometimes also 6. HeN Ry, b. 17 June 1801, d. an infant. called Gowers) argent collared and lined or.
7. William-John, b. 5 May 1803, d. 17 June 1804. The duke d. 19 July 1833, and was suc
Motto—Frangas non flectes.
You may break but shall not bend me.
WILLIAM-HENRY VANE, Duke and MARquess of CLEVELAND, Earl of Darlington, Viscount and Baron Barnard, of Barnard Castle, in the Bishopric of Durham, and Baron Raby, of Raby Castle, co. Durham, Lord-Lieutenant, Vice-Admiral, and Custos Rotulorum co. Durham ; born 27 July 1766; succeeded his father, Henry, the late earl, 8 Sept. 1792, as Earl of Darlington, Viscount and Baron Barnard ; advanced to the dignity of Marquess of Cleveland, 5 Oct. 1827, and further created Baron Raby, and Duke of Cleveland, 29 Jan. 1833; married, 1st, 19 Sept., 1787, Catherine, da. and co-h. of Harry, 6th and last duke of Bolton, by whom (who d. 17 June 1807) he had — 1. HENRY, earl of Darlington, lieut.-col. in the army, and M.P. for the southern division of Shropshire, b. 16 Aug. 1788, m., 16 Nov. 1809, Sophia, eldest da. of John, 4th earl Poulett, K.T.;—2. Louis A-CATHERINE-BARBARA, b. 4 Jan. 1791, m., 29 July 1813, Francis Forester, esq., brother of lord Forester, and d. 8 Jan. 1821 ;-3. WILLIAM-John-FREDER1ck, (who has assumed the name of PAwl ET,) b. 3 April 1792, m., 3 July 1815, Caroline, youngest da. of William, earl of Lonsdale, K.G. ;-4. CARoLIN E-MARY, b. 8 Feb. and d. 11 May 1795; —5. August A-HENRIETTA, b. 26 Dec. 1796, m., 2 June 1817, Mark Milbanke, of Thorpe Hall, co. York, esq.; 6. LAURA, b. 6 Jan. 1800, m., 24 Feb. 1823, William-Henry Meyrick, esq., lieut.-col. in the army; —7. ARABELLA, b. 2 June 1801, m., 24 April 1831, the hon. Richard-Pepper Arden;– 8. HARRY-GEoRGE, b. 19 April 1803. The duke m., 2dly, 27 July o: Haleh, da, of mr. Robert Russell, of Newton House, Bedale, co. York.
THIs family was seated at Hilden, co. Kent, temp. Henry VI., in which count they obtained possessions by marriage wit Isabel Perhall, an heiress. John WANE, of Hilden, had issue, Richard, ancestor of
the earls of Westmoreland, and John, ances-