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Bolebrooke, and viscount SAckville, lieut.-
gen. of the army, colonel of the 12th regi-
ment of dragoons, and, 1775, secretary of
state for the colonies; b. 26 Jan. 1716, m.,
3 Sept. 1754, Diana, 2d da. and co-h. of John
Sambrooke, esq., brother to sir Jeremy Sam-
brooke, bart., by whom (who d. 15 Jan. 1778)
he had issue,
1. CHARLES, 2d viscount Sackville,
and present and 5th duke of Dorset.
2. George, b. 7 Dec. 1770, assay master
of tin in the Duchy of Cornwall, m., Dec.
1814, miss Harriet Pearce, and d. 31 May
1836, having had issue, 1. Caroline-Harriet,
b. Sept. 1815, m., 20 June 1837, William
Bruce Stopford, esq., 4th son of the hon.
and rev. Richard Bruce Stopford, and
nephew of James-George, 3d earl of Cour-
town ; 2. Georgiana, b. July 1822, d. 14
June 1833.
3. Diana, b. 8 July 1756, m., 28 Nov.
1777, John Crosbie, earl of Glandore, and
d. 29 Aug. 1814.
4. Elizabeth, b. 5 July 1762, m., 28 Oct.
1781, Henry-Arthur Herbert, esq.
5. Caroline, d. 10 Sept. 1789.
The viscount, 1770, assumed the name of
GERMAIN, pursuant to the will of Lady Eli-
zabeth Germain, and d. 26 Aug. 1785, and
was succeeded by his son, CHARLEs, present
and 5th duke of Dorset.
6. CAROLINE, b.6 March 1718, m., 27 July
1742, Joseph Damer, 1st earl of Dorchester,
d. and March 1775.
His grace dying 10 Oct. 1763, was suc-
ceeded by his son,
CHARLEs, 2d duke, b. 6 Feb. 1711 ; m.,
1743, Grace, da. and sole h. of Richard
Boyle, viscount Shannon, and by her (who
d. 10 May 1768), had no issue. His grace
dying 5 Jan. 1769, was succeeded by his ne-
JOHN-FREDERICK, 3d duke, b. 24 March

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1745, m., 4 Jan. 1790, Arabella-Diana, da. of
sir Charles Cope, bart., and by her (who m.,
2dly, April 1801, Charles, earl of Whit-
worth, G.C.B., and d. 1 Aug. 1825) had
2. MARY, b. 30 July 1792, m. Other-Archer,
6th earl of Plymouth.
3. Elizabeth, b. 11 Aug. 1795, m. George-
John, earl Delawarr.
His grace d. 19 July 1799, and was suc-
ceeded by his only son,
GEorg E-John-FREDERICK, 4th duke, b.
15 Nov. 1793, who o: wnm. 14 Feb. 1815,
by a fall from his horse at Killaney, mear
Dublin, was succeeded by his cousin,
CHARLEs GERMAIN, present and 5th
duke of Dorset, and 2d viscount Sackville.
Heir Presumptive—To the baronies of Cran-
field and Bolebrooke, viscounty of Sackville,
earldom of Middlesex, and dukedom of
Dorset, there is none, nor is there any to
the barony of Buckhurst and earldom of
Dorset, unless there be male issue existing
from the younger sons of the first earl.
Creations—Baron Buckhurst, co. Sussex,
8 June 1567; Earl of Dorset, 13 March 1603;
Baron Cranfield, of Cranfield, co. Bedford,
and Earl of Middlesex, 4 April 1675; and
Duke of Dorset, 13 June 1720; Viscount
Sackville, and Baron of Bolebrooke, 11 Feb.

Arms—Quarterly, or and gules a bend vaire, being the arms of SACKv11, LE, his grace's father having assumed the name only and not the arms of Germain. Crest—Out of a coronet, adorned with fleurs-de-lis or, an estoile argent. sorter-two leopards argent, spotted salole. Motto—Aut nunquam tentes, aut perfice. Either never attempt, or accomplish.

HENRY - PELHAM FIENNES - PELEHAM - CLINTON, Duke of NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYNE, and Earl of Lincoln, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum co. Nottingham, and Custos Rotulorum of Newark, Steward and Keeper of Sherwood Forest, and the Park of Folewood, and High Steward of Retford, K.G., D.C.L., succeeded his father, Thomas Fiennes-Pelham-Clinton, the late duke, and 10th earl of Lincoln, 17 May 1795; born 31 Jan. 1785; married, 18 July 1807, Georgiana-Elizabeth, da. of Edward Miller Mundy, of Shipley, co. Derby, esq., (by Georgiana, his 2d wife, youngest of the two das. of Evelyn Chadwick, of West Leak, co. Nottingham, esq., co-h. to her brother, James Chadwick, esq., and relict of Thomas, 4th lord Middleton,) who was b. 1 June 1789, and by her (who d. 27 Sept. 1822, after the delivery of twins, a boy and a girl, the latter still-born) has issue, −1. ANNA-MARIA, b. 6 Aug. 1808, d. 27 May 1822;-2. GeoRGIANA, b. 18 March 1810;-3. HENRY-PELHAM,


earl of Lincoln, M.P. for the Southern Division of Nottinghamshire: b. 22 May 1811, m., 27 Nov. 1832, lady Susan Hamilton, only da. of the duke of Hamilton and Brandon, and has issue, Henry-Pelham-Alerander, Iord Clinton, b. 25 Jan. 1834 ; 2. Edward. William, b. 11 Aug. 1836;

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5. CHARLEs-PEl HAM, b. 3

Dec. 1813, in the army; —6. Thomas-CHARLEs, twin with CHARLEs.

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with GEor GE.

THE family of Clinton is descended from Renebuldus, a companion of king William the Conqueror, and took its name from the manor of Clinton, now called Glimpton, in Oxfordshire, which formed part of the possessions granted to him. Sir John C is NTon, had summons to parliament, among the barons of the realm, 1298; and his descendant, Edwa Rd Cli Nton, was created earl of Lincoln, by queen Elizabeth, 1572.

FRANcis FIENNEs-CLiNto N, 6th earl of Lincoln, succeeded to that title in 1692, on the death of his cousin, Edward, 5th earl; he was twice married, and had issue by his 2d wife, Susan, da. of Anthony Peniston,

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dignity of duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, by virtue of the limitations in the patent of that honour, dated 13 Nov. 17:45; m., 16 Oct. 1744, Catherine, eldest da. and co-h. of the right hon. Henry Pelham, only brother of the duke of Newcastle above named, and by her (who d. 27 July 1700) had issue, 1. GEohor, b. 1745, d. 1752. 2. H Ex Ry-Pri. H.A.M., earl of Lincoln, b. 5 Nov. 1750. m., 22 May 1775, Frances, da. of Francis Seymour Conway, 1st marquess of Hertford, K.G., and d. in his father's lifetime, 22 Oct. 1778, leaving issue by her, (who d. 11 Nov. 1:20,) 1. Henry, earl of Lincoln, d. an infant. 2. Catherine, b. 6 April 1776, m. William, 3d earl of Radnor. 3. THOMAS, who succeeded his father. 4. John, d. young. His grace, by royal sign manual, 1 Dec. 1761, took the name of Pelham, before Clinton; d. 22 Feb. 1794, and was succeeded by his only surviving son, Thomas Fir N N Es-Pelham-Clinton, 3d duke, b. 1 July 1752; m., 2 May 1782, AnnaMaria, 5th and youngest da. of William, earl of Harrington, by whom (who survived him, re-m., 31 July 1800, lieut.-gen. sir Charles-Gregan Crawfurd, G.C.B., and d. 18 Oct. 1834) he had issue, 1. HENRY-PELHAM, present duke. 2. Thomas-PELHAM, lieut. 1st regiment life-guards, b. at Walton, 23 July 1786, d. at Gibraltar, 8 Oct. 1804, unm. 3. ANNA-MAR1A, b. 29 July 1783, m. Stapleton, viscount Combermere. 4. CHARLoTTE, b. 9 July 1791, d. unm. 23 May 1811. His grace d. 17 May 1795, and was succeeded by his son, HENRY-PELHAM, the present duke. Heir Apparent—HENRY-PElham FIFNNEs-PElham CLiNton, earl of Lincoln, his grace's eldest son. Creations—Earl of Lincoln, 4 May 1572; and Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, by patent, 13 Nov. 1756. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th. Argent, six cross crosslets, 3, 2, and 1, sable, on a chief azure two mullets pierced or —Clinto N. 2d and 3d. Two coats of Pelha M quarterly, viz. 1st and 4th. Azure, three pelicans vulning themselves argent; and 2d and 3d, gules, two {". of belts with buckles erect in pale, the buckles upwards argent, being a coat of augmentation assumed in memory of sir William Pelham having assisted in taking John, king of France, prisoner at the battle of Poictiers. Crests—lst. Out of a ducal coronet gules, a plume of five ostrich feathers argent, banded azure–CLINToN. 2d. A peacock in pride proper—PELHAM. Supporters—Two greyhounds argent, plain collared and lined gules. Motto—Loyaulte n'a honte. Loyalty knows not shame."

HUGH PERCY, DUKE and EARL of NORTHUMBERLAND, Earl and Baron Percy, and eldest co-heir of the barony of Latimer, Baron Warkworth, of Warkworth, and Baronet, K.G., P.C., F.R. and A.S., High Steward of the University of Cambridge; Lord-Lieutenant and ViceAdmiral of Northumberland and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Constable of Launceston Castle, High Steward of Launceston, and the Queen's trustee of the British Museum ; born 20 April 1785, succeeded his father, Hugh, the late duke, 10 July 1817; married, 29 April 1817, Charlotte-Florentina Clive, youngest da. of Edward, earl of Powis, and by her (who was governess to her Majesty, when Princess Victoria) had a son, still-born, 27 Feb. 1818.

The noble family of Percy is descended from Mainfred, a Danish chieftain, who made irruptions into France in the 9th century, and whose posterity, settling in Normandy, took their name from their domain of Percy in that province. William de Percy, with his brother Serlo, came over to England with the Conqueror, and obtained large possessions in York and Lincolnshire. In the reign of Henry II., Agnes, heiress of the Percy family, m. Joceline de Lovaine, 2d son of Godfrey, duke of Brabant, who thereupon assumed the name of Percy. Their descendants were among the most powerful barons in the north of England; and 16 July 1377, HENRY, lord Percy, was created earl of Northumberland. His son, Henry, better known by the denomination of Hotspur, was slain at the battle of Shrewsbury, 1403, as were his grandson and great grandson, both named Henry, and successively earls of Northumberland, at those of St. Albans, 1455, and Towton, 1461, fighting for the Lancastrian party. King Edward IV., in 1464, bestowed the earldom of Northumberland, on his adherent, John Neville, lord Montacute, (brother of the celebrated earl of Warwick); but that nobleman, on being in 1470 created marquess Montacute, surrendered the said earldom to the king, who restored it to the Percy family, which continued to enjoy it, till 1537, when Henry, 6th earl, dying without issue, and his nephews being precluded from inheriting by the attainder of their father, who had been executed for Ask’s conspiracy, it remained dormant till king Edward VI., in the 5th year of his reign, conferred it on John Dudley, viscount Lisle, and earl of Warwick, who was further advanced to the dignity of duke of Northumberland. The earldom, however, was a second time restored to the Percy family, by queen Mary.

Joceli NE PERCY, 11th and last ears of that family, dying without issue male, 1670, the earldom became extinct. The marriage of his only surviving child and heiress to Charles, duke of Somerset, and her issue, will be found at large under that title; it

need here only be recapitulated, that her son

and heir, Algernon, duke of Somerset, was, 2 Oct. 1749, created baron Warkworth, and earl of Northumberland, with remainder, in default of issue male of his body, to his sonin-law, sir Hugh Smithson, bart., who succeeded to those titles, pursuant to the said #ation, on the duke's death, 2 Feb. o

Having thus given a succinct account of the descent of the earldom of Northumberland, we proceed to his grace's paternal ancestors. Sir HUGh SMITHSON, descended from an ancient family of that name, in Yorkshire, was, in reward of his loyalty to king Charles I., created a baronet 1660, and dying 1670, was succeeded by his son and heir, sir Jerome, whose son, sir Hugh, 3d baronet, m. Elizabeth, da. of Marmaduke, 2d lord Langdale, and had issue, 2 sons, who both d. in their father's lifetime, viz. Hugh, who d; unm, and Langdale, who, by Philadelhia, da. of William Revely, of Newbyisk, co. York, esq., was father of Sir HUGH, 1st duke of Northumberland, who succeeded his grandfather in the title of baronet; m. (as above stated) 16 July 1740, Elizabeth, only child and h. of Alger. non Seymour, duke of Somerset, and, on the death of his father-in-law, became baron Warkworth, and earl of Northumberland. By an act of parliament, 12 April following, his lordship, and Elizabeth, countess of Northumberland, and baroness Percy, his and their issue, were enabled to take and use the name of PERCY, and bear and quarter the arms of the Percys, earls of Northumberland; installed K.G., 1757, created duke of Northumberland, and earl Percy, to him and the heirs male of his body, by patent, 18 Oct. 1766; and lord Lovaine, baron of Alnwick, with remainder to Algernon, his 2d son, and the heirs male of his body, % patent, 28 Jan. 1784. By his consort, who d. 5 Dec. 1776, his grace had issue, 1. HUGH, 2d duke. 2. ELIZABETH-ANNE-FRANCEs, b. 6 April 1744, and d. 27 May 1761, unm. 3. ALGERNoN, created earl of Beverley (see that title).

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* FRANces, b. 13 Sept. 1791, d. 28 Aug. 1803. 9. Algeh NoN, b. 15 Dec. 1792, captain R.N., created 17 Aug. 1816, Baron PacdHoe (see lord Prudhoe). The duke d. 10 July 1817, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugh, present and 3d duke. Heir Presumptive—Lord PRUDhor, brother to his grace. Creations—Baronet, 2 Aug. 1660; Baron Percy, by writ, 1722; Baron Warkworth, of Warkworth Castle, and Earl, co. Northumberland, 1749; and Earl Percy, and Duke of Northumberland, 18 Oct. 1766. Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th. Lovai NE and Lucy quarterly, viz. 1st and 4th or, a lion rampant azure for Lovaine, and 2d and 3d. Gules, three lucies or pikes hauriant, for Lucy: . 2d and 3d. Azure, five lozenges conjoined in fessor—Pritcy. Crest—On a chapeau fi". turned up ermine, a lion statant, tail extended, azure. Supporters—Derter, a lion azure. Sinister, a lion guardant or, gorged with a collar compony argent and azure. Motto-Esperance en Dieu, Hope in God.

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ARTHUR WELLESLEY, Duke of WELLINGTON, Marquess of Douro, Marquess and Earl of Wellington, Viscount Wellington, of Talavera, and of Wellington, and Baron Douro, of Wellesley, co. Somerset, P.C., Field Marshal in the Army, Constable of the Tower, and of Dover Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, Colonel of the Grenadier Guards, Colonel-in-Chief of the Rifle Brigade, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Master of the Corporation of the Trinity House, and late Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, Knight of the Order of St. Esprit of France, Prince of Waterloo, (so created by the king and legislative body of the Netherlands, value £2000 per annum ; but the gift in other respects is much enhanced, when it is considered that it is bestowed in lands and woods situated in the very theatre of his splendid victory,) Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, and a Grandee of Spain of the First Class, Duke of Vittoria, Marquess of Torres Vedras, Count of Vimiera in Portugal, Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece, of St. Ferdinand and Merit, and of St. Januarius of the two Sicilies, Knight Grand Cross of the Imperial Military Order of Maria Theresa of Austria, Knight Grand Cross of the Imperial Orders of St. George, St. Andrew, and St. Alexander Newski of Russia, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Black Eagle of Prussia, Knight Grand Cross of the Portuguese Royal and Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Military Order of the Sword of Sweden, Knight Grand Cross of the Orders of the Elephant of Denmark, of William of the Low Countries, of the Annunciade of Sardinia, of Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, and of several others, a Field Marshal in the Armies of the Em


perors of Austria and Russia, the Kings

of Prussia, Portugal, and the Ne

therlands, and Captain General of the Armies of the King of Spain ; born 1 May 1769; married, 10 April 1806, the hon. Catherine Pakenham, 3d da. of Edward, lord Longford, (who d. before his mother, Elizabeth, in her own right countess of Longford.) and sister of Thomas, earl of Longford,

K.P., and by her

(who d. 24 April 1831) has issue,


marquess of Douro, b. 3 Feb. 1807, lieutenant-colonel in the army, and M.P. for Norwich ; —2. CHARLEs, b. 16 Jan. 1808, major, 5th foot.

This illustrious nobleman is the 3d surviving son of Gerard-Colley Wellesley, earl of Mornington in the Peerage of Ireland, by Anne Hill, eldest da. of Arthur, viscount ungannon,) and brother of Richard, maruess Wellesley, K.G., &c., &c. (See ARQUEss WELLEsley, in the Peerage of Ireland.) ARTHUR, Duke of Wellington, born at Dengan Castle, the seat of his father, Gerard, earl of Mornington, was educated at Eton College, and having embraced a military life, first entered upon active service in 1794, when with the rank of lieut.-col. in the army, he commanded a brigade in the unsuccessful expedition to Holland, under the duke of York. In 1797, he went to India, acted a conspicuous part in the campaign against Tippoo Sultaun, in 1799, and subsequently, when major-general, by the battle of Assaye, fought 23 Sept. 1803, established his reputation as a great commander, by utterly defeating Scindiah and the Rajah of Berar, under the most adverse circumstances. The victory of Argaum, and the storming of the almost inaccessible fortress of Gawilghar, which succeeded, produced the entire submission of Scindiah and the Rajah. Both houses of parliament voted general Wellesley their thanks for these splendid services, the king honoured him with the order of the Bath, and the inhabitants of Calcutta presented him a sword of the value of £1000. In the autumn of 1807, he commanded the reserve of the army under Lord Cathcart, against the island of Zealand. His services during this expedition, which terminated in the surrender of Copenhagen and the whole of the Danish fleet, were most conspicuous, and he received, in common with the other general officers employed on that occasion, the unanimous thanks of parliament, which were delivered to him by the speaker, in his place in the house, on his return. In 1808, he was sent with a considerable force to Portugal, and on the 18 and 21 Aug; fought and gained the battles of Rolea and Vimiera, which victories produced the evacuation of Portugal by the enemy, and the services of sir Arthur Welleslev were honoured by the unanimous thanks of both houses of parliament. In 1809 he was apointed commander-in-chief of the British orces in the Peninsula, and shortly afterwards marshal-general of the Portuguese armies. Having, by his brilliant passage of the Douro, freed Portugal a second time from the invasion of the enemy, he marched into Spain, and, on 26 July, at Talavera de la Reyna, repulsed, after a most desperate conflict, all the efforts of the enemy, directed by marshals Jourdan and Victor, and nominally commanded by Joseph Buonaparte, and for the eminent skill and valour which he exhibited in this battle, he was raised to the peerage, by the titles of Baron Douro and Wiscount W. On the

meeting of parliament, in February following, the thanks of both houses were voted to him, together with an annuity of #2 (0 per annum, during his own life, and the lives of his two next successors in the title. The misconduct of his Spanish associates, and the events of the war in Germany, having compelled him to retire into Portugal, he passed the year 1810 in preparing for, and accomplishing, the defence of that kingdom. It will be for history to dwell upon the proud day of Busaco, and to record the foresight which fortified the lines of Torres Vedras. Marshal Massena having been compelled by his lordship's sagacious plan to march back his exhausted army into Spain, the unanimous thanks of both houses of parliament were voted to lord Viscount Wellington for the consummate ability he had displayed in the defence of ortugal. On 10 Feb. 1812, a similar honour was bestowed upon him, for his skill, decision, indefatigable exertion, and consummate judgment which he manifested at the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, by which that important fortress was wrested from the enemy in the short space of 11 days. On the 18th of the same month (on which day the restrictions on the regency expired) a message from the Prince Regent was sent down to both houses of parliament, announcing his lordship's elevation to the rank of Earl of Wellington, and recommending the grant of £2000 per annum in addition to the annuity formerly settled upon him, and subject to the same limitations; with which recommendation parliament most cordially complied. April 27th following, he again received the unanimous thanks of both houses for the great ability manifested by him at the siege of Badajoz, by which that important fortress was wrested from the hands of the enemy. On 22 July following, he totally defeated Marshal Marmont near Salamanca, and, pursuing his success, planted, on 15 August, his victorious banners on the walls of Madrid. On the 18th of that month, he was created Marquess of Wellington; received the unanimous thanks of parliament, followed up, four days afterwards, by a resolution of the house of commons, that # 100,000 be granted to his majesty, to be vested in trustees, for the purchase of lands and tenements, to be annexed to, and descend with the title of Wellington. On 21 June 1813, he gained the most complete and glorious victory near Vittoria, over the army of Joseph Buonaparte, directed by marshal Jourdan; for which achievement, which, in fact, decided the fate of Spain, he was raised from the rank of lieut.-gen. to the rare and high station of field-marshal, with the universal approbation of the army and the nation, and received a letter from the hands of the Prince Regent, couched in the strongest language of gratitude and panegyric; and on 7 July, both houses of parliament voted him their unanimous thanks.

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