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Mr Lampard gave, by his will, an Exhibition of £2.. charged on a house at Lamberhurst, to a free scholar from Tu School to either of the Universities, to be nominated by the vic churchwardens. This exhibition is paid by the proprietor premises to the scholar himself.



FOUNDED 1574, A.D.

THE Grammar-school in Cranbrook, commonly called “4 Elizabeth's Free and Perpetual Grammar-school,” was found Simon Lynch, gentleman, a native of the parish, in the sixteenti of Queen Elizabeth, who gave certain lands for the endowment school.

There is an Eahibition of about £20 per annum to any colle either University for sons of inhabitants, who have been free sch at the grammar-school.



FOUNDED 1647, A. D.

This school was founded by the Rev. Abrabam Colfe, clerk, i of Lewisham, in his lifetime, who by his will devised certain estate the Worshipful Company of Leathersellers, in trust, for various e ritable uses, and principally for the support of the grammar-sche and of another English school in Lewisham founded by Mr Colfe.

In the sixteenth year of King Charles II. 1665, an act was « tained for settling Mr Colfe's charitable bequests. Seven schola after being strictly examined, and found every way fitting for th skill in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages, by one of the ch schoolmasters in London, and the ministers of Lewisham, Greenwic Deptford, Leigh, and Chislehurst, are to be sent to one of the Unive sities of Oxford or Cambridge, and to have each an exhibition of £1 per annum for seven years. These exhibitioners are to be childreno persons not reputed to be worth above £500; and natives of Lewishan are to preferred. Provision is made, in case at any

a scholar fit for the University should not be found in the school at Blackheath, that an

exhibitioner shall be chosen, first out of the children of persons belonging to the Company of Leathersellers,-next out of the free-school at Christ's Church in Canterbury,—and lastly, out of the free-school at Christ's Hospital in London, alternis vicibus, one after the other, win and as often as the case so falleth out."

This school is under the consideration of the Court of Chancery, ad the exhibitions are for the present suspended.



FOUNDED 1418, A.D. This school was founded by Sir William Sennocke, Knight, citizen and grocer, and Lord Mayor of London in the sixth year of the reign of King Henry V.: at which time calling to remembrance the goodness of Almighty God and the favour of his patron, Sir William Rumpstead, and the inhabitants of Sevenoaks, which had teen so charitably extended towards him in his infancy, he determined to leave behind him a lasting memorial of his gratitude. Whereupon, at his own cost and charge, he founded an hospital for twenty poor people; and a free-school for the education of youth within this town, endowing them both with a proper and sufficient maintenance. To carry this purpose into effect, he devised by will, dated the 4th July, 1432, his lands and tenements to the rector, vicar, churchwardens and other parishioners of the town of Sevenoaks, for ever, upon trust, that they out of the rents and profits of them should found and maintain for ever, one master, well-skilled in grammar and a Bachelor of Arts, who should keep a grammar-school in some convenient house within the said town, to be purchased with his goods, at the discretion of his crecutors, and to twenty poor men or women, houses and 108. a year tach, to be received out of a good conscience, without any favour, according to the good discretions of the rector, or vicar and churchwardens, and of the parishioners, as they will answer before the Highest Judge in the last day.

Queen Elizabeth, by her letters patent, dated July 1st, 1560, granted and ordained that there should be for ever thereafter a grammar-school in the town of Sevenoaks, to be called “ The Grammar-School of Queen Elizabeth,” for the education, institution and instruction, of children and youth in grammar and other learning.

There are two Exhibitions each of £65 a year, tenable for four at Oxford or Cambridge, by students from this school, but for years if the exhibitioner has taken high honours.

1619. Robert Holmden, by his will, gave to the Compa Leathersellers his messuage in Great East Cheap, upon condition they should pay out of the same yearly the sum of £12 for va uses; one of which was, £4 should be paid yearly towards maintenance of a Scholar in one of the Universities of Cambrid Oxford, to be taken of the free grammar-school of Sevenoak the space of four years, and so from time to time: and in default, that the said £4 should be paid to a scholar out of the free-scho Tunbridge.


FOUNDED 1578, A.D. This school was founded by William Lambe, gentleman of chapel of King Henry VIII. and a member of the Company of Ck workers in London, who, out of his great love for learning, and for place where he was born, erected the school at his own proper cost the education of youth, and endowed it with stipends for a master : usher. These endowments have been increased by the Cloth work: Company, who are the patrons of the school.

1721. Rev. Francis Robins, B.D. founded two Exhibitions, es of £10 per annum, at St John's College, Cambridge, for scholars fro Sutton Valence School. (See p. 322.)

The Clothworkers' Company have founded for the benefit of t school a Scholarship of £20 per annum at either Cambridge or Oxfor This same to be increased at their pleasure to any pupil shewing par ticular talent and industry. The Clothworkers have also several othe presentations either to Oxford or Cambridge in their gift.



INSTITUTED 1830, A.D. This school is designed to afford a sound liberal education, similar to that given in the public schools of England.

The committee of the school grant an exhibition of £50 a year every two years for a pupil proceeding from this school to Oxford, Cambridge, or Dublin. It is tenable for three years, and its continuazce tesis with the committee and depends upon the prosperity of the whool.



FOUNDED 1563, A.D. The Free Grammar-school at Sandwich owes its origin to the mayor, jurats, and principal inhabitants of the town, who agreed to raise by subscription a sum of money for the purpose of erecting a suitable edifice, under a promise from Roger Manwood, Esq. then a barrister-at-law, to endow the school with lands of sufficient value for its maintenance.

Letters patent were issued, dated Oct. 1, 1563, by which Roger Man wood of Hackington was empowered to erect a free grammarschool at Sandwich, by the name of “ The Free Grammar-school of Roger Manwood, in Sandwich.”

1581. By indenture tripartite, dated the 30th of January of this year, between Sir Roger Manwood, Knight, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, the master or custos and fellows of the College of Gonvyle and Caius, founded in honour of the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary in this University of Cambridge, and the governors of the free grammar-school of Roger Manwood in Sandwich, the said Sir Roger, as surviving executor of the will of Joan Trapps, widow, by bargain and sale, conveys to the said master and fellows a messuage, or farmhouse, called Bodkins, in Swalecliff, near Whitstable in Kent, together with fifty-seven acres and three roods of land in the parishes of Swalecliff, Whitstable end Hackington, in Kent; and Sir Roger covenants that the premises are of the clear yearly value of £11. 6s. 8d. In consideration of which, the master and fellows covenant to pay annually to four fellows of their College £10. 13s. 4d.-four marks to each. The said scholars to be nominated by Sir Roger during his life, and afterwards by the governors of the said free school, and by the said master and Fellows alternately. Notice of avoidance to be given in writing, by the master and fellows to Sir Roger, or the governors, within fifteen days ; such notice to be left with the master or usher of Powle's (St Paul's) School, for the time being ; and upon failure of nomir ation within


one month, then the vacancy to be supplied by the said master a fellows. The scholars to be called, “ The Scholars of Robert Traf of London and Joan his wife.” In default of notice as above stat then the master and fellows to forfeit to Sir Roger, or the governo four marks, nomine pænæ, and for every day after the said fifteen da twelve pence. The remaining 15s. 4d. to go to the said master a fellows for the use of the said College. (See p. 235.)




FOUNDED 1510, A.D.

This school owes its origin and endowment to Hugh Oldham, native of Oldham, in the county Palatine of Lancaster, and bishop Exeter, who, in consequence of not abiding by the decision of the po in a dispute in which he had been engaged with the abbot of Tay stock, was excommunicated at the time of his death. He was buried. the wall of a chapel which he had himself built and annexed to t cathedral of Exeter. This eminent prelate died in 1519, and is repute to have been as great an enemy to monkish superstition as he wi friendly to learning.

His bounty was shared by Brasenose College and Corpus Chris College in Oxford, as well as by the town of Manchester, where h founded the Grammar-school: and being at the time president of Cor pus Christi college, he vested the appointment of the high master an the second master of the school in his successors, and in case of a lapse then in the warden of the College of Christ in Manchester.

The property for the support of the grammar-school was conveyed to twelve trustees *, on the 1st of April, 1524, by Hugh Bexwyke,

* The following is an extract from the Indenture of Feoffment.

“That where the Right Revd. Father in God, Hugh Oldome, late Bishop of Exeter, deceased, considering that the bringing up of children in their adolescency, and to occupy them in good learning and manners, from and out of idleness, is the chief cause to advance knowledge, and learning them when they shall come to the age of virility, or whereby they may the better know, love, honour and dread God and his laws. And for that, that the liberal science or art of grammar is the ground and

untain of all the other liberal arts and sciences, which source and spring out of the same, without which science the other cannot perfectly be had, for science of gram mar is the gate by the which all other been learned and known in diversity of

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