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principles of the Revolution, had a tendency to endanger the succession of the House of Hanover, and threatened destruction to the civil and religious liberty of this country. His Lordship read an extract froin a Popish catechism, just published by a Popish printer in Grosvenor Square, and dispersed among the ignorant and unthinking part of the community; likewise an indulgencegranted by the Pope, this present year, to this holy Catholic subjects and saints in this Heretic country: and from these publications, his Lordship bid the people form an idea of the rapid and alarming progress that Popery was making in this kingdom; and the only way to stop it was, by going in a firm, manly, and resolute manner to the House, and there shew their representatives, that they were determined to preserve their religious free.. dom with their lives. That, for his part, he would run all hazards with the people; and if the people were too lukewarm to run all hazards with him, when their conscience and their country call them forth, they might get another President ; for he would tell them candidly, that he was not a lukewarm man himself, and that if they meant to spend their time in mock debate and idle oppofition, they might get another leader.
This speech was received with the loudest acclamations of applause; and his Lordship then moved the following resolutions :
“ That the whole body of the Protestant Affo~ ciation do attend in St. George's Fields, on Fri“ day next, at Ten o'clock in the Morning, to " accompany his Lordship to the House of Com “ mons, on the delivery of the Protestant Petifor tion.". Which was carried unanimously, with repeated bursts of applause, His Lordship then informed them, that if less than twenty thousand of his fellow citizens attended him on that day, he would not present their Petition; and for the better observance of order, he moved, That they should arrange themselves in four divisions, and in order that they might know their friends from their enemies, he added, that every real Protestant, and friend of the Petition, should come with blue cockades in their hats. This also passed unanimously,
FRIDAY, JUNE 2d, 1780.
PURSUANT to these resolutions, a number of persons met in St. George's Fields, where Lord George Gordon joined them about eleven o'clock. Between eleven and twelve, they set out (fix abreast) over London Bridge, through Cornhill and the City, to the amount of about fifty thousand men, to the House of Commons, with the Proteftant Petition against the Bill passed last feffion B 2
in in favour of the Roman Catholics, which was car-:. ried on a man's head, where Lord Gordon presented
Thofe who had put blue cockades in their hats, no sooner reached the avenues to the two Houses of Parliament, than they began to exercise the most arbitrary and dictatorial power over both · Lords and Commons. Some of the members they
obliged to take oaths, that they would vote for the repeal of the Act passed last year, for granting
almost every one they obliged to put blue cockades in their hats, and cry out, “ No Popery”... “ No Popery.” It happened, we believe, rather by accident than design, that the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, received moft interruption from them. They stopped the Archbishop of York, and grofily insulted him. They next seized on the Lord President of the Council, whom they pushed about in the rudest manner, and kicked violently on the legs. Lord Mansfield was also daringly abused, and traduced to his face. They stopped Lord Stormont's carriage, and great numbers of them got upon the wheels, box, &c. taking the most impudent liberties with his Lordship, who was, as it were, in their possession for near half an hour; and would not, perhaps, have so foon got away, had not a gentleman jumped
into his Lordship’s carriage, and, by haranguing the mob, persuaded them to defift. The Duke of Northumberland was much ill treated, and had his pocket picked of his watch. The Bishop of Litchfield had his gown torn. The Bishop of Lincoln's wheels of his carriage were taken off, and his Lordship almost by miracle escaped any perfonal damage. The Earl of Hillsborough and Lord Townsend, came down together in the carriage of the former, who was known by the mob, and most groftly infulted. His Lordship would have felt their fury more, had not Lord Townsend, whom some of them recollected, and profesfed a friendship for, been with him: as it was, they were both greatly pushed about, and sent into the House without their bags, and with their hair
from York, Led on m they kicked as also
They at num
by de Brooke, Lord Boston, and Lord Ashburnham, were extremely roughly handled; the two latter were in the hands of the mob, and were buffeted about, not only with an indecent and un warrantable freedom, but with a merciless and unmanly severity, for a considerable time. Lord St. John, Lord Dudley, and many other Lords, were insulted and personally ill-treated. Welbore Ellis, Esq. was pursued by the mob, to the Guildhall, Westminster, the windows of which building they broke all to pieces, and when they found
Mr. Ellis, handled him very roughly. They broke the front glass of Lord Trentham's vis-a-vis, and were extremely insulting to his Lordship, whom they detained in his carriage a considerable time. The avenues of the House of Commons were so filled with them, from the outer door up to the very door of the House, (which latter they twice attempted to force open) that it was with the utmost difficulty, the Members got in or out of the House. They attempted, in like manner, to force their way into the House of Peers; but by the good management of Sir Francis Molyneux, and the proper exertion of the door-keepers, under his direction, all the passages from the street door, and round the House, were kept clear.
The Sardinian chapel in Duke-Street, Lincoln's, Inn-Fields, was this night forcibly entered by a riotous sét of people, who called themselves Protestants, and entirely gutted it, the contents of which they set on fire in the street aforesaid. ; A party of the guards soon after arrived, and apprehended thirteen of the Rioters, who were conducted to the Savoy for examination the next morning. The populace also forced their way into the house and chapel belonging to Count Haflang, the Bavarian Minister, which they also plundered and destroyed. Very considerable de