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SOLD ALSO BY
AND J. CUMMING, DUBLIN.
ART. I. First annual Report of the National Society for promo
ting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church. With an Account of the Proceedings for the Formation of the Society, and an Appendix of Documents; together with a List of Subscribers to the Society in London, and to Societies in the Country, in Union with the National Society.
Svo. pp. 198. London. Murray, Albemarle Street. 1812. FIFTEEN months have scarcely elapsed since the Lancasterian 1. system was carrying all before it, and Mr. Lancaster had the prospect of becoming the national schoolmaster. By the Lancasterian system we understand the association of religious instruction, which is peculiar to Mr. Lancaster, with that principle of tuition which he en ploys in cominon with Dr. Bell. This principle, which is tuition by the scholars themselves, may be exercised in combination with any religion. It may with equal facility (as observed by a writer attached to Dr. Bell, and supposed to be well acquainted with his system) be made subservient under Dr. Bell, to the extension of the Church of England; under Mr. Lancaster to the spread of general knowledge, independent of peculiar doctrines; under the Mufti to the dissemination of the moral Code of Mabomed; or under the Bramins to the improvement of society among the Hindoos. We are far, indeed, from thinking, that the union of the general principle with the doctrine and discipline of the established church is the sole point, in which the system, as employed by Dr. Bell, is more entitled to the support of churchmen, than the system as employed by Mr. Lancaster. There are various subsidiary practices in the application of the general principle, which distinguish the schools of Dr. Bell from those of Mr. Lancaster; among the foremost of which is the art of stimulating the exertions of the scholars without corporal punishment, the art of preventing its necessity, instead of employing either the ancient mode,' or the new devices of Mr. Lancaster, the shackles and the manacles, the basket and the go-cart. But, as these subjects have been sufficiently considered in the Eleventh Number of our Review, it is-unnecessary to espatiate on them at present. Nor shall we renew the controversy, respecting the question, whether the principle, which is common to both parties, was invented by Dr. Bell, by Mr. LanVOL. VII. NO. XV.