Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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... he is given the marvellous shield forged by Vulcan , sees on it the scenes from Roman history which the god has wrought ... is yet more powerful than in the figure of the hero visiting the still rustic scene which will be Rome .
Trojan one of course ( the word I have translated as ' foliage ' is comam , the primary meaning of which is ' hair ' ) ; and , since Troy has not at this moment completely fallen , Aeneas ' sees ' a scene which includes the future as ...
The scene concludes with another outburst of pathos . The last figure to appear is that of Marcellus , Augustus ' nephew and intended heir , who had died in 23 BC at the age of nineteen . Twenty - six lines celebrate the precocious ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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