Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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Octavian / Augustus attached great importance to the restoration of a healthy moral climate . The excesses of the last generation - the scandalous exploitation of the provinces , the ruthless individualism which led Roman generals to ...
Virgil allows that vein of moral criticism into the epic itself . At 1.36 the goddess Juno will appear , expressing her enmity for Troy because of some personal grievances of an unedifying character : the Trojan prince Paris , in the ...
93 , 99 Menalcas 22 Isaiah 27 Mezentius 67,92f . Italy , Italians 8 , 35 , 42 , 63 , Milton 32f . , 106 79 , 88 , 93f . Mincius , river 19,50 antiquities of 16 monsters 59,85 contribution of 88f . , 94f . moral revival 13 , 57 Iulus ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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