Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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The influence of Lucretius , earnest and passionate , is really more important here than that of Hesiod . The Georgics are adorned with spectacular episodes of poetry , which Virgil has tried hard to make relevant to his theme .
Octavian / Augustus attached great importance to the restoration of a healthy moral climate . The excesses of the last generation - the scandalous exploitation of the provinces , the ruthless individualism which led Roman generals to ...
There are other structural connections : for instance , the important fact that One and Three both end with long accounts of disaster and death , respectively those of civil war and of plague ; that Two ends with praise of the ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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