Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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For Catullus and his friends prided themselves on their elitism , on their superiority to the ideas and tastes of the bourgeoisie , and on an ostentatious contempt for politics . ' I have no wish at all to please you , Caesar ; I don't ...
This juxtaposition of the idea of the rustic sage who is above patriotism , with the idea of rustic virtue's role in raising Rome to empire , is a sidelight on the same problem in the Georgics . Indeed , a question which might have ...
It is true that Julius Caesar had been officially declared a god after his death ; but it is hardly possible to believe that Virgil took seriously the idea that his heir would marry a seanymph or take his place as a thirteenth sign of ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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