Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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In the First book the emphasis is more heavily on toil but with no shortage of indications that there could be an optimistic view of human life . In the Second that optimistic view is predominant . The farmer's work comes round in a ...
The participation of the divine marks the events as truly significant not only in themselves but as examples of the whole relationship of men with gods , and so with the limits and definition of human life . All this presented enormous ...
Even here glory has its reward : there are tears for history and human sufferings touch the heart . ' ( sunt lacrimae rerum et mentem mortalia tangunt , [ 456ff . ] ) . Sharing in the sorrows of others guarantees humanity and gentle ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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