Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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On most of the peoples with whom the Greeks came into contact the effect of that formal perfection was deeply demoralising . Lycians , Lydians , Etruscans - they all came under the spell of Greek form ; and in most of the languages of ...
This has the effect of making the divine will constantly perceptible as active in events . Nothing happens by chance in the world of the Aeneid . It also shows the necessity for Virgilian man to be pious , to be alert for indications of ...
For him , however , they are only one element in a style capable of very different effects . It is interesting to compare the opening of Catullus ' poem , which describes the sailing of the ship Argo in quest of the Golden Fleece ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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