Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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At all events , the new god is to help the poet who calls upon him and to grow accustomed to being invoked as divine ( G 1.24-42 ) . This , it must be said , is an extremely strange passage . It is true that Julius Caesar had been ...
The participation of the divine marks the events as truly significant not only in themselves but as examples of the whole relationship of men with gods , and so with the limits and definition of human life . All this presented enormous ...
This has the effect of making the divine will constantly perceptible as active in events . Nothing happens by chance in the world of the Aeneid . It also shows the necessity for Virgilian man to be pious , to be alert for indications of ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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