Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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At the end of the third century BC it began to look as if Latin , despite the conquests of Rome , might go the same way . Roman senators began writing history in Greek ; and what created a Latin literature and transformed the Latin ...
It was to turn out that Rome would take a unique course – not that of simple surrender to Greek superiority , nor that of pretending that Greek literature did not exist or presented no problem , but the heroic task of creating in Latin ...
The Latin language had been enormously enriched by the effort necessary to create the vocabulary for such works . Catullus and the Neoterics had made a close study , including translations into Latin verse , of the works of the most ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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