Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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They found themselves facing the overwhelming splendours of Greek art , philosophy and literature . Paintings and statues could be taken to Rome as loot and soon the city was full of them , but literature was more intractable .
It was to turn out that Rome would take a unique course – not that of simple surrender to Greek superiority , nor that of pretending that Greek literature did not exist or presented no problem , but the heroic task of creating in Latin ...
a stylist and also a more talented and versatile writer than any Greek of his time , with the one possible exception of the polymath Posidonius . He had produced oratory of a range and power unmatched since Demosthenes , nearly three ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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