Virgil lived through the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. In his poems we see a series of attempts, increasingly ambitious in scale and conception, to combine technical brilliance and beauty with profound meditation on the nature of imperialism and the relation of the individual to the State. From short pastoral poems on love and song he progressed to the heroic myth of the founding of Rome. "The Aeneid", immediately recognised as the greatest masterpiece of Latin literature, has had incalculable influence on European literature in the two thousand years since it was first published.
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For the funeral of the young prince , Pallas Aeneas sends two cloaks of crimson , embroidered with gold , ' which once Dido had made for him , happy at her work ' ( 11.73-4 ) . The two words laeta laborum repay lingering : they show us ...
Aeneas calls after her , begging her to stay : ' Why do you constantly deceive your son with false appearances ? You are as cruel as the rest of them ! Why can I never touch your hand and have a real conversation with you ?
Aeneas shouts at him to withdraw and not force a single combat with an opponent too strong for him . However , the young man is carried away and Aeneas drives his sword through the tunic , which his mother had woven with gold thread ...
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Rome and Arcadia
the Muse in hobnails
The Aeneid and the myth of Rome
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