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140. Harvey APPLE. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 67.

Doctor Harvey's Apple. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 251.

Fruit rather large, oval, generally about nine inches and a half or ten inches in circumference, narrow at the crown, slightly angular on the sides. Eye small, scarcely sunk, surrounded by several small knobby plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, deeply inserted in a wide, uneven cavity.

Skin greenish yellow, full of green and pearly specks, with various russetty, broken ramifications near the crown.

Flesh whitish, firm. Juice quick, sub-acid, with a little musky perfume. A valuable culinary fruit from October to January.

This is a real Norfolk apple, and but little known out of the county. It appears to have been known in the time of Ray, in 1688, who says it took its name from “ the famous Dr. Gabriel Harvey."

When baked in an oven which is not too hot, these apples are most excellent; they become sugary, and will keep a week or ten days, furnishing for the dessert a highly-flavoured sweetmeat. It makes a large handsome tree, is very hardy, and a great bearer.

141. HOLLOW-CROWNED PIPPIN. Hort, Soc. Cat. No. 459.

Fruit middle-sized, of an oblong figure, fully as broad at the crown as at the base, slightly angular on its sides. Eye wide, and deeply sunk. Stalk short, thick, and crooked. Skin pale green, becoming yellow with a faint blush on the side next the sun. Flesh firm, juicy, subacid, with a slight portion of sugar.

A culinary apple from October to January. A hardy bearer, peculiar to Norfolk, and common in the Norwich market.

142. HUBBARD'S PEARMAIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 68. Pom. Mag. t. 27.

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Golden Vining, of Devonshire. According to the
Pom. Mag

Fruit small, ovate, about two inches deep, and the
same in diameter, free from angles. Eye small, close,

short calyx, slightly depressed. Stalk short.
Skin pale russet, or cinnamon colour, with a little green
or red breaking through it here and there; in some
specimens, particularly in warm seasons, of an uniform,
clear, yellowish green, without russet, mottled and
tinged with orange or pale red on the sunny side. Flesh
yellow, firm, rather dry. Juice sweet, rich, of a most
highly perfumed aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from October till March or April.

This is a real Norfolk apple, well known in the Norwich market; and although it may be found elsewhere, its great excellence may have caused its removal hence. It may have acquired the name of Golden Vining in Devonshire, with as much facility as the Court of Wick, that of Wood's Transparent Pippin at Huntingdon. The merits of Hubbard's Pearmain as a table apple are unrivalled, and its superior, from the commencement of its season to the end, does not, I am of opinion, exist in this country. It is a small-growing tree, very hardy, and an abundant bearer, both in the orchard and in the garden as an espalier.

143. KENTISH PIPPIN. Miller, Ed. 8. No. 11.

Fruit above the middle size, of an oblong figure, slightly angular on its sides, tapering a little from the base to the crown, which is rather narrow. Eye small, with a closed calyx, a little sunk, and surrounded by several obtuse plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, not protruding beyond the base. Skin pale yellow, with a few scattered greenish specks; on the sunny side pale dull brown. Flesh yellowish white. Juice sweetish, or sub-acid, with a smart pungent flavour.

An excellent culinary apple from October till January.

This is an old favourite kitchen apple, mentioned by Ray in 1688, and described shortly by Miller, but it is not the Kentish Pippin of Mr. Forsyth. It makes strong shoots, attains a large size, with an open spreading head, is a very hardy orchard tree, and an excellent bearer.

144. KINELLAN APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii.

p. 338.

The skin is a clear pale green, very little dotted, but strongly coloured with yellowish bright red on the exposed side. The eye is rather angular ; the stalk downy; the flesh white, firm, rather juicy, and pleasant.

A pleasant table apple, in season in Ross-shire from the beginning of December till January, and will keep till March.

This is an offspring between the Nonpareil and Manx Codlin, obtained by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, Bart., of Coul, near Dingwall, in Ross-shire; it produced its first fruit in 1825.

In size the apple resembles the Manx Codlin, and in appearance and other qualities the Nonpareil.

144*. LAMB ABBEY PEARMAIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 269. t. 10. f. 2.

Fruit middle-sized, oval, somewhat pyramidal, rather flattened at both ends, about three inches deep, and two inches three quarters in diameter. Eye small, sunk in a deep and broad hollow, surrounded by regular but slight plaits, which do not extend to the body of the fruit. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin yellowish green on the shaded side and next the eye; the sunny side being covered with a handsome red, having many black dots, in the manner of an ordinary Golden Reinette. Flesh yellowish next the skin, green next the core, firm, crisp, very juicy, with a peculiar rich sweetness, and a light aromatic flavour.

An excellent dessert fruit from December till March.

This very valuable apple was raised, in 1803, from a kernel of the Newtown Pippin, by Mrs.Malcolm, the lady of Neil Malcolm, Esq., of Lamb Abbey, in Kent. At six years old it produced three apples, at nine years seven dozen, and from that time it has regularly produced good crops.

145. LEMON PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 550. Pom. Mag. t. 37.

Lemon Pippin. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 102.'

Fruit middle-sized, oval, very regularly formed, without angles, about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and three inches deep. Eye small, open, with a very short slender calyx, slightly depressed. Stalk short, fleshy, curved inwards, and forming a continuance of the fruit, in the manner of a lemon; hence its name.

Skin pale yellowish green, becoming yellow when ripe, with neither red nor russet. Flesh firm, breaking. Juice not abundant, nor high flavoured, but very pleasant.

A dessert fruit from October till March.

A very hardy orchard apple; the tree grows erect, very regularly formed, and handsome, and is a most excellent bearer.

146. New Rock PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. v.p. 269.

Fruit of the Nonpareil kind, but less regular in shape, and the eye sunk a little deeper. Stalk short. Skin of a dull green on the shaded side; on the part exposed to the sun it becomes brown, with a slight tinge of red, and the whole surface sprinkled with russet. Flesh yellow, firm, not very juicy, but rich and sweet, with a fine anise perfume.

A dessert apple from November till April.

Raised by Mr. Pleasance, of Barnwell, near Cambridge. It keeps late in the spring, and is then hardly surpassed by any of the old varieties.

Exhibited at the Horticultural Society, November 20, 1821.

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147. New York PIPPIN. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.

New York Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 642.

Fruit rather large, of an oblong figure, somewhat pyramidal, rather irregular in its outline, and slightly pentangular on its sides, three of which are generally much shorter than the other, forming a kind of lip at the crown; from two inches and a half to three inches deep, and the same in diameter at the base. Eye closed, rather deeply sunk in a very uneven irregular basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted in a wide uneven cavity. Skin dull greenish yellow, with a few green specks, intermixed with a little skin, grey russet, and tinged with brown on the sunny side. Flesh firm, crisp, tender. Juice plentiful, saccharine, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till April.

An American variety of excellence. The tree grows large, and bears well. It sometimes happens with this as it does with Hubbard's Pearmain, that smooth fruit grow upon one branch and russetty ones upon another and in cold seasons the fruit are for the most part russetty.

It was named the New York Pippin by Mr. Mackie, and first propagated in his Nursery at Norwich about forty years ago.

Its name first appeared in 1796 in my Plan of an Orchard, and was afterwards copied, without acknowledgment, with almost all the rest, together with their synonyms and characters, into Mr. Forsyth's Treatise on Fruit Trees. I have, for this reason, in the present instance and in some others, quoted my own publication as a matter of priority, and given the authority, where I have been able to find any, for all other fruits introduced into this work. If I have omitted any, I have very humbly to crave the author's indulgence.

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