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A very excellent culinary apple from November till March.
This is a Norfolk apple, which originated on the estate of the late Colonel Harbord, the second Lord Suffield, of Blickling and Gunton Hall, in this county.
130. Cornish GilLIFLOWER. Pom. Mag. t. 140. Julyflower. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii.
p. 74. Cornish Julyflower. Ib. Vol. iii. p. 323, according to the Pom. Mag.
Calville d'Angleterre. Baumann Cat.
Fruit moderately large, of an oval form and angular, about three inches and a quarter in diameter, and the same in depth. Eye closed by the segments of the calyx, and sunk among knobby protuberances rising from the terminations of the angles on the sides. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, not deeply inserted. Skin dull green on the shaded side, but where fully exposed to the sun intermixed with brownish red, slightly sprinkled with russet, and sometimes richer streaks of red. Flesh yellowish, firm, and very rich ; when cut, it gives out a pleasant perfume, resembling the Clove Gilliflower, whence its name.
A dessert apple, ripening in November, and will keep till April.
This very valuable apple was first noticed in the Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 74. in a letter from Sir Christopher Hawkins, in 1813. It was discovered in a cottage garden near Truro, about ten or fifteen years before that date, and was considered by the Society of so much importance that the silver medal was awarded to Sir Christopher for his exertions in bringing it into notice. It is considered as but an indifferent bearer ; but this defect may be remedied by grafting it upon the Doucin stock, and planting it in the garden, and training it either as an open dwarf or as an espalier.
130.* Coul BLUSH. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii. p. 340.
The fruit has the angular figure of the Calvilles. The skin has a clear waxy yellow, with a dull red cheek, which is varied by numerous bright crimson dots and streaks. The stalk is slender and smooth. The flesh is rather yellow, crisp, and juicy, with a very pleasant brisk taste.
In season in December and till the middle of January
This very beautiful apple was raised by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, in his garden at Coul, near Dingwall; an account of which is given by him, along with the Kinellan Apple, the Tarvey Codlin, and the Contin Reinette, in a paper dated March 12, 1827.
131. DARLING PIPPIN. G, Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.
Fruit middle-sized, somewhat conical, a little flattened both at the crown and the base. Eye small, slightly depressed, and surrounded by a few unequal, knobby plaits. Stalk half an inch long, in some an inch, slender. Skin bright lemon-colour, sprinkled with numerous small pearl-coloured specks, quite within the surface. Flesh pale yellow, crisp. Juice plentiful, saccharine, of a very agreeable flavour.
A very handsome dessert apple from November till Christmas.
132. FARLEIGH PIPPIN. Nursery Catalogues. Farley Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 319.
Fruit middle-sized, rather long, with five angles extending from the base to the crown, where they are - very prominent. Eye deeply sunk.
Skin green on the shaded side, but of a brownish red where fully exposed to the sun, and marked with a deeper colour. Flesh green, firm. Juice plentiful, saccharine, and of an excellent flavour.
A dessert apple from November to February.
A very excellent apple, sent me by Mr. Kirke, who had it from Farleigh in Kent.
133. FORMAN'S CREW. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 342. Pom. Mag. t. 89.
Fruit like a large Golden Pippin, but russetty, about two inches and a half long, and two inches in diameter. Eye small, a little open, placed in a shallow depression. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Skin nearly covered · with a yellowish russet brown. Flesh greenish yellow, juicy, rich, very high-flavoured, and excellent.
A dessert apple from November till May.
This handsome and very valuable apple was raised by Thomas Seton Forman, Esq., at Pennydarron Place, near Merthyr Tidvil, in Glamorganshire. It is one of the best table apples we have, combining the excellence of the old Golden Pippin and Nonpareil. It bears abundantly, as an open standard, and, when grafted upon the Doucin stock, it is invaluable as an espalier.
134. FOULDON PEARMAIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 69.
Horrex's Pearmain. Ibid.
Fruit middle-sized, of an oblong shape, somewhat. resembling the old Green Pearmain, about eight inches the long, and seven inches and three quarters the short circumference. Eye narrow, flat. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin pale yellow, when matured, with a little blush on the sunny side, especially towards the base, in consequence of the fruit being mostly pendent. Flesh greenish white, firm, crisp. Juice, plentiful, brisk, and of a very high flavour.
A most excellent dessert apple from November till March.
The original tree of this apple is now growing in the garden of Mrs. Horrex, of Foulden in Norfolk.
135. Ganges. Nursery Catalogue.
Fruit pretty large, of an oblong, irregular figure. Eye hollow. Stalk half an inch long, deeply inserted, quite within the base. Skin green, with a few specks of darker
green interspersed, and dashed with red on the sunny side. Flesh pale yellowish green. Juice sub-acid, of good flavour.
A good culinary apple from October till January.
136. GOLDEN LUSTRE. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.
Fruit middle-sized, of a somewhat conical figure, acutely and prominently angular towards the crown, near which it has generally an indented circle, as if caused by a ligature having been tied round the fruit ; it is about two inches and a quarter deep, and the same in diameter. Eye rather small, closed by the long segments of the calyx, not deeply sunk, and surrounded by sharp prominent plaits, the intermediate ones being small, and having a blistered appearance. Stalk short, slender, inserted in a small narrow cavity. Skin bright yellow or gold colour on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun bright red, breaking out into small patches and stripes. Flesh pale yellow, firm. Juice not plentiful, sub-acid, combined with a little sugar,
but without any particular perfume. A good culinary apple from November till May.
137. GOLDEN PEARMAIN. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 58. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.755.
Ruckman's Pearmain. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.755.
Fruit below the middle size, rather conical, a little angular on its sides. Eye small, with short obtuse segments of the calyx, placed in a narrow and rather shallow basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, pressed close to the base on one side of its cavity, by a large pointed protuberance of the fruit pressing upon it from the opposite side. This is not the case in all the fruit of this sort, but it is so in three out of four throughout the whole crop, and is one of its most distinguishing characters. Skin bright yellow, marbled nearly all over with faint red and orange, highly coloured on the sunny side, and
streaked with broken dashes of deeper red. Juice not plentiful, but saccharine, of a slight aromatic flavour.
A good and handsome dessert apple from October till Christmas.
138. GRAVENSTEIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 216 and 523. t. 21. Pom. Mag. t. 98.
Fruit large, about three inches and a half in diameter, broadest at the base, generally flattened, sometimes rather oblong, with angles which terminate in the crown. Eye rather wide, sunk in a deep hollow, surrounded by several projecting folds or knobs. Stalk very short, deeply inserted. Skin smooth, of a clear yellowish green or straw colour, streaked and mottled with red on the sunny side. Flesh pale yellow, crisp, with a high-flavoured vinous juice.
A dessert apple, ripening in the autumn, but will keep till April, and may be reckoned a rival to our Ribston Pippin.
It is supposed to have originated at Gravenstein, in Holstein, nearly a century ago, and is esteemed the best apple in Germany and the Low Countries. The fruit was first exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1819.
139. HANWELL SOURING. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.
Fruit middle-sized, conical, very angular on the sides. Eye deeply sunk in a contracted basin.
Stalk short, very deeply inserted in a wide, even cavity. Skin green, with a blush of red where exposed, profusely spotted with minute brown spots, and a little russetted round the stalk. Flesh white, very crisp, with a rich acid juice.
This apple is scarcely in perfection till April or May, and then possesses more acid than any other which keeps to so late a period.
It is supposed to have originated at Hanwell, near Banbury, in Oxfordshire. Fruit of it were exhibited at the Horticultural Society in May, 1820.