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tened at both extremities. Eye well formed, open, sunk in a broad but very shallow hollow.

Stalk short, slender. Skin green, approaching to brownish yellow where fully exposed, with a large portion of russet brown, particularly round the eye. Flesh greenish, breaking, tender. Juice plentiful, partaking of the flavour of both a Golden Pippin and Nonpareil.

The fruit is generally produced in clusters at the ends of the branches, often eight or ten together.

A very neat and excellent dessert apple from December till May.

This has long been cultivated in His Majesty's gardens at Kew, under its present name.

108. STRIPED BEAUFIN. G. Lind. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.

Fruit large, of an uneven outline, with broad irregular ribs on its sides, about three inches and three quarters in diameter, and three inches deep. Eye large, open, in a deep and wide irregular obtuse-angled basin. Stalk half an inch long, deeply inserted in a wide uneven cavity. Skin green, tinged with dull salmon colour, mottled, and covered with broken stripes and dashes of dull red all round the fruit. Flesh firm, pale greenish white. Juice quick, slightly sub-acid. A culinary fruit from October till May.

I found a large tree of this sort in 1794, growing in the garden of the late William Crowe, Esq., at Lakenham, near Norwich, a fruit of which I gathered, measuring twelve inches and a half in circumference, and weighing twelve ounces and a half avoirdupoise. excellent apple, and, being very hardy, deserves cultivation.

109. WINTER BROADING. G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 66.

Broad-end. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 108.
Fruit middle-sized, globular, flattened at both ends.

It is a very

Eye placed in a small narrow basin. Stalk

very short, deeply inserted. Skin pale green, with a tinge of faint brownish red on the sunny side. Flesh white, mixed with green. Juice sub-acid, but pleasant.

A good culinary apple from Michaelmas till Christmas. A Norfolk apple, well known in the Norwich market.

110. WINTER COLMAN. G. Lind, in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p.

66. Norfolk Coleman. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 683. Norfolk Storing. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 126.

Fruit rather large, of a round and rather flattish figure, nearly as broad at the crown as the base ; generally about three inches and three quarters in diameter, and two inches and a half deep. Eye open, rather narrow, not deep, surrounded by several pretty regular plaits. Stalk short, thick, inserted quite within the base. Skin bright deep red next the sun, pale yellow freckled with red on the shaded side. Flesh firm, crisp, with a smart sub-acid juice.

A culinary apple from November till March.

The Colman is a Norfolk apple of a very excellent quality for kitchen use. The wood is very strong, and the trees grow to a large size, are very hardy, and good bearers.

111. WINTER MAJETIN. G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 68.

68. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1170. Fruit somewhat resembling the London Pippin in form, having prominent ribs round the crown, but it is a little more oval. Eye small, closed, rather deeply sunk in a narrow basin, surrounded by five deep and prominent plaits or knobby angles. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, one half of which is within a wide funnel-shaped cavity. Skin dull green, with a tinge of brownish red on the sunny side. Flesh greenish white, and resembles that of the Easter Pippin in texture and flavour.

A culinary apple from November till March.

This is another Norfolk apple, well known in the Norwich market. It is one of the most hardy sorts in the county, and a never-failing bearer.

The aphis lanigera, a white meally insect, so destructive to most of our old orchard trees, appears to be set at defiance by the Majetin. An old tree now growing in a garden belonging to Mr William Youngman, of Norwich, which had been grafted about three feet high in the stem, has been for many years attacked by this insect below the grafted part, but never above it, the limbs and branches being to this day perfectly free, although all the other trees in the same garden have been infested more or less with it. Mr. Knight's Siberian Bitter-sweet Apple appears to possess the same property of resisting the attacks of these formidable and widely increasing depredators.

112. WINTER QUEENING, G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 70. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 833.

Fruit" above the middle size, somewhat globular, equally broad each way, obscurely five-angled on its sides. Eye large, placed in a shallow basin. Stalk very short, not deeply inserted. Skin pale green, or greenish yellow ; but where exposed to the sun, of a deep red, mixed with russet, and striped towards the base. Flesh white, with a mixture of green, firm. Juice sub-acid, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A culinary apple from November till March.

The Queening is an old apple, known to Ray in 1668. It forms a large handsome tree, is very hardy, and a

great bearer.

113. WINTER WHITE CALVILLE.

Calville Blanche d'Hiver. Duhamel, No. 3. t. 2. Jard. Fruit, t. 49.

Bonnet Carré. Ib.
Fruit large, of a flattish figure, with broad, uneven

ribs on its sides, about three inches and a half in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, in a wide, deep, obtuse-angled basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, deeply inserted. Skin smooth, yellowish green ; when fully ripe, it is of a bright yellow, and tinged with a lively red on the sunny side. Flesh white and tender, with a very pleasant juice.

A culinary apple from December till March. *114. YORKSHIRE GREENING. Forsyth, Ed.3. No.197. Hort. Soc. Cat. 1191.

Fruit pretty large, of a flattish figure, two inches and a half deep, and three inches a half in diameter, having a few slight undefined ribs on its sides. Eye flat, closed by the calyx, seated in a very shallow, unequally plaited bason. Stalk short, thick, woolly, inserted in a wide, flat, uneven cavity. Skin dull, dark green, slightly tinged with muddy, pale brown, interspersed with broken stripes and dashes of dull red quite round the upper part of the fruit, and partly covered with a meally white all over the base. Flesh greenish white, firm. Juice plentiful, smart acid, without perfume.

A most excellent culinary apple from November till April.

SECT. VI. -- Winter.

Conical or Oblong.

115. Adams's PEARMAIN. Pom. Mag. t. 133.

Norfolk Pippin, of Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 685., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit above the middle size, very handsome, Pearmain shaped, somewhat conical, not angular, about two inches and three quarters deep, two inches and a half diameter at the base, and one inch and a quarter at the

Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, placed in a very narrow, regular, slightly plaited basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, one half pro

crown.

jecting beyond the base. Skin pale greenish yellow, covered with a thin grey russet; on the sunny side of a deeper yellow, tinged with salmon colour, having a few thin, slightly striped patches of a deeper colour, sprinkled with whitish spots near the base. Flesh yellowish, firm, crisp. Juice saccharine, rich, with a very high aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till February.

This is a very handsome and most excellent apple, and highly deserving of cultivation. It is well adapted for grafting on the Doucin stock, and for training in the garden as an espalier.

116. Æsopus SPITZEMBERG. Hort. Trans. Vol. v.

p. 401.

Fruit large, oblong. Stalk of moderate length, placed in a deep cavity, and projecting a little beyond the base. Skin smooth, of a lively brilliant red, approaching to scarlet, with numerous small yellow spots. Flesh yellow, very rich, juicy, and brisk. Ripe about Christmas.

A most excellent apple of American origin; it is said to be of Æsopus, in Ulster county. It is plentifully cultivated at Livingston's manor, in Columbia county, in the state of New York. It is too tender to succeed in this country, without the assistance of a south or an east wall. Some very fine fruit from a south wall at Sacomb Park, in Hertfordshire, were exhibited at the Horticultural Society of London, October 15.1821.

117. BALTIMORE. Hort. Trans. V. iii. p. 120. t. 4.

Fruit very large, in form something like the Alexander, but more flat. Eye large, open, and deep, surrounded by a few obtuse plaits. Skin pale lemon colour, covered with a very thin grey russet, especially near the eye, and tinged with a pale salmon-coloured blush on the sunny side. Flesh very good, and close at the core.

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