Page images

account of which is given by him, along with the Kinellan Apple and Tarvey Codlin, in a paper, dated March 12. 1827.

78. Cornish AROMATIC. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p.74. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 203. Pom. Mag. t. 58.

Fruit large, roundish, somewhat angular towards the eye, which is sunken and small, with a very short calyx. Stalk short, in a deep contracted cavity. Skin on the shaded side, covered with a soft brownish russet, sprinkled with pale brown dots on the sunny side, of a rich, deep bright red, slightly intermixed with russet, and sprinkled with a few lemon-coloured dots. Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy, with an exceedingly rich, high, aromatic flavour. A dessert apple from November till February.

This most excellent variety appears to have been first brought into notice by Sir Christopher Hawkins, in the communication to the Horticultural Society cited above, who says it has been known in Cornwall for years. It is highly deserving of cultivation, and cannot be too generally known.

79. COURT OF WICK PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 219. Pom. Mag. t. 32.

Court de Wick. Hooker. Pom. Lond. t. 32.
Fry's Pippin,
Golden Drop,

Of various Nurseries, Knightwick Pippin,

according to the Pom. Phillips's Reinette,

Wood's Huntingdon,
Wood's Transparent Pippin,

Fruit below the middle size, about twice as large as a Golden Pippin, ovate, flat at either end, with no traces of angles or plaits at the eye. Eye large, open, with a reflexed calyx, in a shallow depression.

Stalk short, slender. Skin greenish yellow in the shade, bright orange, with small russetty brown spots where exposed, sometimes slightly tinged with red next the sun. Flesh

pale yellow, mixed with green, when first gathered ; be-
coming deep yellow, crisp, tender, juicy, and highly
flavoured when fully ripe. A dessert apple from October
till April.

This most excellent and beautiful little apple origi-
ginated from a seed of the Golden Pippin at Court de
Wick, as it was formerly written, in Somersetshire.
Throughout this, and indeed throughout almost all the
western counties, it is held in the highest estimation as
a table fruit. The trees grow to a good size, are very
hardy, standing in some places the most severe blasts
from the Welsh mountains, and there bearing in the
greatest abundance, becoming the most perfectly ripened
of their orchard fruits. It cannot have too extensive
a cultivation,

80. COURTPENDU. Pom. Mag. t. 66.
Capendu. Duham. Vol.i. p. 315. t. 13.
Courtpendu. Noisette Manuel, p. 548.
Courtpendu Plat. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 211.
Garnon's Apple. Nursery Catalogues.

Fruit middle sized, round, depressed, without any
trace of angles. Eye large, open, in a wide shallow
basin. Stalk short, very deeply inserted, rarely pro-
jecting beyond the base of the fruit. Skin deep red
next the sun, greenish yellow on the shaded side. Flesh
yellow, crisp, with a rich, lively, agreeable flavour. А
dessert apple from November till March.

This is one of the handsomest and best of our table apples. It is of French origin, but how long it has been in this country is uncertain. There are a few trees of it growing at Garnons, the seat of Sir J. G. Cotterell, Bart., near Hereford, which were planted ten or fifteen years ago ; they are very hardy, handsome, and upright in their growth, and very excellent bearers. Its fruit possesses so many good qualities, that it ought to be introduced into every good collection in England.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p. 529.

Dumelow's Crab. Ib.
Wellington Apple. Ib.

Fruit above the middle size, round, flattened at both ends. Eye large and open, rather deeply sunk. Stalk very short. Skin clear yellow, with a blush of light red where exposed to the sun ; the whole surface sprinkled with small brown spots. Flesh yellow, crisp, with a brisk acid juice. An excellent culinary apple from November to April.

Raised some years ago by a Mr. Dumelow, a nurseryman near Derby. It is well known in the counties of Derby, Lancaster, and Nottingham, by the name of Dumelow's Crab. Its fruit was first exhibited at the Horticultural Society, in 1820.

82. Dutch MIGNONNE. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p.70. Pom. Mag. t. 84.

Christ's Golden Reinette. Taschenb. p. 405.
Reinette Dorée. Mayer. Pom. Franc. t. xxx.

Pomme de Laak. Stoffels, and Thouin, according to the Pom. Mag.

Paternoster Apple. Audibert. Fruit above the middle size *, very regularly formed, rather narrower at the crown than at the base. Eye generally close, deeply sunk. Stalk an inch long, slender, deeply inserted. Skin dull yellow, sprinkled with numerous, small, russetty, green, and white spots; on the sunny side of a rich, deep, dull red, streaked and mottled. Flesh very firm, crisp. Juice plentiful, with a delicious aromatic, sub-acid flavour. A dessert apple from November till May or June.

* I have now by me, October 1830, a fruit of this apple, grown in the Horticultural Garden at Chiswick, which measures three inches and a quarter deep, and four inches in diameter.

This very valuable apple was brought from Holland into the neighbourhood of Norwich by the late Thomas Harvey, Esq., and planted in his garden at Catton about fifty years ago, where two or three of the trees are now growing, and in the possession of Thomas Cobbold, Esq. They are very hardy, and bear abun

dant crops.

The Copmanthorpe Crab, mentioned in the Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 315, has been said to be the same as this. A closer examination of the two may possibly set this opinion aside ; as it appears improbable that an apple raised within a few miles of York, should have been so extensively, so well, and so long known on the continent.

83. EASTER PIPPIN. G. Lind. Cat. 1815.

French Crab. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 49. Hort. Soc. Cat. 348.

Claremont Pippin,
Ironstone Pippin,

of some Gardens. Young's Long Keeping,

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat globular, about two inches and a quarter deep, and two inches and a half in diameter, perfectly free from angles on its sides. Eye small, almost closed, flat, surrounded by a few very small, angular, crumpled plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, deeply inserted, not protruding beyond the base. Skin rather thick, deep clear green, with numerous white dots interspersed ; on the sunny side, shaded with a pale livid brown; but the whole becomes yellow with keeping. Flesh very hard, pale green, or yellowish white. Juice not plentiful, sub-acid, with a slight aromatic flavour. An excellent culinary apple, from November till the November following.

This appears to have been an imported variety; it has been known in this country at least forty years, and is sold in many nurseries by the name of French Crab.


given, I am at a loss to imagine ; since it has no more

to be abolished as most absurd.

What this appellation has to do with it, or why it was the appearance of a crab, in any one respect, than any other apple in our collections. Such a misnomer ought ago by the late Dr. Rigby of Norwich, whose high professional acquirements and classical taste, ranked him

It is a most valuable fruit, of great specific gravity, a most hardy tree, an abundant bearer, and keeps longer than any other apple I have ever met with.

The name of Easter

I had some perfectly sound, and very firm fruit of it, in March 1822, which were grown in 1820: the colour then was that of a pale orange. 84. EMBROIDERED PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. Ņo. 302. Fenouillet Jaune. Duhamel, No. 12. Drap d'Or. Duhamel, No. 12. Knoop. Pom. p. 59.

Pippin was suggested to me more than twenty years

among the first men of his time.

t. 10.

Pomme de Caractère. Ib.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat globular, about two inches and a half deep, and two inches and a quarter in diameter ; a little broader at the base than the crown; and regularly formed without angles. Eye small, a little depressed. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin greenish white when first gathered, turning to a bright yellow, strongly marked with a sort of broken ramified net-work of deep grey russet, hence the last synonyme from Knoop. Flesh white, somewhat tough, and, with keeping, elastic. Juice not plentiful, but saccharine, and of an excellent and singularly perfumed flavour.

A dessert apple from December to April. This is a very excellent apple, of foreign origin, very hardy, and an abundant bearer ; it requires to be well ripened upon the tree, otherwise it is apt to be clung, tough, and leathery.

« PreviousContinue »