Page images

A beautiful dessert apple, from November till March.

This makes a very handsome middle sized tree, and is a most abundant bearer. It originated in a small garden near Surry-street Gates, Norwich, about sixty years ago ; and was first propagated by myself in 1793, when I gave

it the above name. The original tree, owing to improper treatment, died about seven years afterwards.

69. * BELVOIR PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Garden.

Fruit small, about the size, and very much the figure, of the Old Golden Pippin : about one inch and a half deep, and the same in diameter. Eye small, closed; the long and almost linear segments of the calyx, in a very shallow depression, surrounded by about fifteen very narrow plaits, three to each segment. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, slightly sunk in an open, shallow, funnel-shaped cavity. Skin pale yellow; on the sunny side spotted and tinged with brownish crimson, and having a portion of thin russet round the stalk. Flesh pale yellow, firm, crisp, very tender and delicate. Juice saccharine, mixed with a slight brisk acid, rich, and very highly flavoured.

A dessert apple, in perfection in November and December.

This beautiful and very excellent little apple was sent me October 12, 1830, by John Motteux, Esq. of Beachamwell, in Norfolk. It appears to have originated from the Old Golden Pippin, in the garden of Sir John Thoroton, and to have improved even upon that favourite variety. It ought to be grafted upon the Doucin stock, and trained in the garden either as an open dwarf, or as an espalier.

[ocr errors]

* No. 69. is inserted twice in consequence of the Belvoir Pippin having been sent me after the numerical arrangement had been completed.

p. 70.

70. Biggs's NONESUCH. Hort. Trans. Vol. i.

Fruit middle sized, in shape and general appearance somewhat like the Nonesuch, but broader at the base; moderately depressed about the foot-stalk, and very hollow at the crown, where the segments of the calyx remain long, and rolled back. Stalk one quarter of an inch within the base. Skin gold colour, on the side next the sun dashed with long, broad, scarlet stripes. Flesh soft, pale yellow. Juice very good, and excellent to eat as soon as gathered off the tree.

A culinary apple also, from October to December. 71. BIRMINGHAM PIPPIN. Nursery Catalogues.

Grummage Pippin
, } of some Nurseries


Fruit small, about six inches in circumference, nearly globular, a little flattened at the crown, and having somewhat the appearance of a Golden Pippin. Eye small. Stalk very short, inserted in a very shallow cavity. Skin pale green when fresh gathered, becom. ing pale yellow, spotted and marbled with a thin russet. Flesh very hard and firm, pale green. Juice sub-acid, of a pleasant flavour.

A very neat dessert apple, from December to June.

This apple is supposed to be of Warwickshire origin, and is to be found in different parts of England under various names. It makes but a small tree. The branches are short and very stout, and its fruit is of a greater specific variety than any other apple with which I am acquainted.

72. BLENHEIM PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 81. Pom. Mag. t. 28.

Blenheim Orange. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 81.
Woodstock Pippin. Ib.

Fruit large, of a roundish figure, rather broadest at the base, two and a half to three inches deep, and three to four inches across the widest part. Eye very hollow


open, but slightly angular. Skin yellowish, stained on the sunny side with dull red, intermixed with streaks of deeper colour. Flesh yellow, breaking, sweet, juicy, extremely pleasant, and high flavoured.

A dessert apple from November till March. This is one of the largest of our table apples. It was raised in a garden belonging to a baker at Old Woodstock, near Oxford, a short distance from Blenheim.

73. BORSDORFF. Knoop. Pom. p. 56. t. 10.
Borsdörffer. Ib.
Reinette bâtarde. Ib.
Postophe d'Hiver. Bon. Jard. 1827. p. 323.
Postdoff. Ib.
Bursdoff, or Queen's Apple. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 15.

Fruit below the middle size, of a roundish figure, rather narrower at the crown than the base. Eye small, a little sunk. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin pale yellow, marked with various ramifications of a grey russetted network, interspersed with a few dark-coloured specks; when fully exposed to the sun it is of a beautiful brilliant red, extending nearly round its base. Flesh yellowish white, firm, crisp. Juice sugary, with a singularly musky perfume.

A dessert apple from November till February. This is a German apple of very excellent quality. The fruit from which this account was written, was brought from Leipsic in January, 1798. . It was a great favorite with Queen Charlotte, who had it imported for her annually, and appears to have been introduced into this country soon after her arrival in 1761.

74. BRICKLEY SEEDLING. Pom. Mag. t. 124.

Fruit about the size of the Scarlet Nonpareil ; roundish, becoming a little narrower towards the crown. Eye small, open, placed in an evenly-formed, not very deep depression. Stalk short, inserted in a rather large, even cavity. Skin red next the sun, and a deep yellow

[ocr errors]

on the shaded size, towards which the red breaks off in slight streaks. Flesh firm, yellowish, sugary, rich and of excellent quality.

A very handsome dessert apple from December till May. The tree is very hardy, and a profuse bearer, either as a standard or dwarf, highly deserving of cultivation.

75. BRINGEWOOD PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. 107.

Fruit small sized, somewhat globular, about six inches and a half in circumference, every way, with a narrow flat crown. Eye very small and open, divested of its calyx. Stalk half an inch long, somewhat protruded beyond the base. Skin bright gold-colour, full of pearly specks; on the sunny side a few russetty stripes and specks near the edge. Flesh very firm, crisp, somewhat dry. Juice saccharine, of a highly perfumed, aromatic flavour.

A very neat and most excellent dessert apple from October till March. Raised by Mr. Knight, of Downton Castle, from a seed of the Golden Harvey which had been impregnated by the pollen of the Old Golden Pippin.

76. CANADIAN REINETTE. Pom. Mag. t. 77.

Reinette de Canada. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 868. Bon. Jard. 1827. p. 325.

Grosse Reinette d'Angleterre. Duham. No. 21. t. 12. f. 5.

Reinette de Canada blanche. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.868.
Reinette Grosse de Canada. 16.
Reinette de Canada à Côtes. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.869.

Reinette de Caen. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 867, according to the Pom. Mag.

Portugal apple. 16. No. 803.
Janurea. 16. No. 489.
Mela Janurea, of the Ionian Islands.

Fruit large, broad and flat ; about three inches and a half in diameter, and three inches deep. Eye rather

of one.

open, with a short calyx, in a tolerable cavity surrounded with prominent ribs, which pass half way down the sides to the base. Stalk short, in a wide spreading cavity. Skin rich, greenish yellow, tinged slightly with brown on the sunny side. Flesh yellowish white, firm, juicy, with a high, brisk, sub-acid flavour. An excellent dessert fruit in December, and keeps well till March.

Mr. Hooker observes, in the Horticultural Transactions, Vol. ii. p. 299. that the Canadian Reinette is frequently sold in the shops in London for the Newtown Pippin. It varies very much in figure, in consequence of which several varieties have been formed out

The fruit from late blossoms, is much less angular than those from early ones, in which the ribs are very distinctly marked; hence the Reinette de Canada à Côtes.

77. CaroLINE APPLE. G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p.66.

Fruit above the middle size, globular. Eye small, in a rather confined hollow, round which are prominent plaits. Stalk very short, surrounded by a little russet. Skin fine rich yellow, broadly streaked with red. Flesh firm, with a brisk juice and high flavour.

A most excellent culinary apple from November till February Its name originated from Caroline, the lady of the late Lord Suffield, of Blickling and Gunton Hall, in Norfolk.

77.* Contin REINETTE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii. p. 339.

This is a small handsome fruit, of a deep dull yellow, richly painted with red on the exposed side, and a little marked with russet about the stalk. The flesh is firm, rather yellow, not particularly juicy, yet highly flavoured, with a little agreeable acid.

In season, in Ross-shire, from the end of November till the end of January. Raised by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, in his garden at Coul, near Dingwall, an

« PreviousContinue »