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consequence, always more perfectly formed than those growing in clusters.
36. POMME DE NEIGE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 626. Fameuse. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 44.
Fruit middle-sized, round, not much unlike the shape of a Nonesuch ; about two inches and a quarter deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter. Eye small, nearly closed, in a shallow depression, surrounded by a few.wrinkled plaits. Stalk half an inch long, very slender, sunk in a funnel-shaped cavity, and protruding but little beyond the base. Skin pale green, tinged with pale red, and marked with short streaks of a darker colour ; on the sunny side, of a still deeper red. Flesh very tender, snow-white, juice sugary, with a slight musky perfume.
A dessert apple in October and November. This beautiful and singular apple, we are told by Mr. Forsyth, was introduced from Canada by Mr. Barclay of Brompton. It is said to derive its name from a village where it is cultivated.
37. POTTER'S LARGE APPLE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 805.
Fruit one of the largest size, generally eleven or twelve inches in circumference, irregularly formed, with large obtuse angles on the sides. Eye wide, deep, surrounded with large plaits, the alternate ones being much the most prominent. Stalk an inch long, inserted in a deep cavity. Skin pale green, thinly sprinkled with grey specks, and tinged with faint red near the base on the
Flesh white. Juice not plentiful, subacid.
A culinary apple from Michaelmas to Christmas ; raised it is said by a Mr. Potter of Chelsea. A transverse section of it, when cut open, exhibits a large, fiveangled cavity,
38, Red INGESTRIE. Hort. Trans. Vol. i. p. 227. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 481. Pom. Mag. t. 17.
Fruit roundish, oblong, about the size of a large Golden Pippin, with a small calyx, and hollow open eye, wholly destitute of angles. Stalk short, slender. Skin bright yellow, deeply tinged with red on the sunny side, with many indistinct white spots. Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy, and rich, nearly as highly flavoured as that of the Golden Pippin.
An excellent and beautiful dessert apple, ripening the end of October, but not in perfection after having been gathered a few weeks.
This and the yellow Ingestrie sprang from two seeds taken from the same cell of an Orange Pippin, which had been impregnated with the pollen of the Old Golden Pippin. They were raised by T. A. Knight, Esq. about 1800, and planted at Wormsley Grange, in Herefordshire. Their name is derived from the seat of the Earl Talbot, in Staffordshire. They were first noticed in the Hort. Trans. in March, 1811.
39. SCARLET CROFTON. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 453.
Fruit middle-sized, flattish, about two inches and a half in diameter, and two deep, somewhat angular on the sides. Eye wide, but shallow. Stalk short, sometimes bent. Skin yellowish russet, of a bright red intermixed with russet on the sunny side. Flesh firm, crisp, never becoming mealy. Juice plentiful, of a rich saccharine flavour. An Irish dessert apple, ripening in October, and continuing till Christmas.
40. STRIPED HOLLAND PIPPIN. Hort. Soo, Cat. No. 1075.
Fruit pretty large, of a very regular figure, nearly as broad as it is wide, with five obscure angles, extending from the sides into the crown. Eye small. Stalk short in a shallow base. Skin yellow, with numerous green specks imbedded, tinged with orange, and streaked
with bright crimson on the sunny side. Flesh white. Juice not plentiful, subacid.
A culinary fruit from October to December. This, like many other Dutch apples, has a thick skin. Its chief merits are on the outside.
41. SUMMER BROADEN, of the Norwich Gardens. Summer Colman, G. Lind. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.
Fruit above the middle size, about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep, slightly angular on the sides. Eye small, with a closed calyx, in a rather narrow basin, surrounded by some angular plaits. Stalk short, slender, deeply inserted, not protruding beyond the base. Skin dull yellowish green, tinged on the sunny side with pale dull brown. Flesh greenish white, not crisp. Juice subacid, with a pretty good flavour.
A culinary apple in October and November. This is an useful Norfolk apple, and known in the markets by the above name. The trees are rather small growers, but great bearers.
42. WALTHAM ABBEY SEEDLING. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 269.
Fruit resembling a Golden Pippin, but much larger, nearly globular, some tapering a little towards the crown. Eye large and open, seated in an even shallow basin. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin pale yellow, becoming deeper as the fruit ripens, sometimes with a tinge of dull scarlet next the sun ; the whole surface is speckled with minute greenish spots, and a patch of coarse russet always surrounds the stalk. Flesh yellowish, soft, juicy, and very sweet ; it melts perfectly in baking, taking a clear pale amber colour, and retaining a high flavour.
A dessert and culinary apple from October till January. Raised from a seed of the Golden Noble, by Mr. John Barnard of Waltham Abbey, in Essex,
about 1810. It began bearing in 1819, and its fruit was exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1821.
43. WORMSLEY PIPPIN; Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1183. Pom. Mag. t. 80.
Knight's Codlin, of some collections, according to the Pom. Mag.
Fruit middle-sized, globular, slightly angular. Eye deeply sunk, surrounded by small plaits. Stalk about an inch long, deeply inserted. Skin pale green on the shaded side, brown next the sun. Flesh white, firm, crisp, juicy, with a lively sugаred juice.
Ripens the beginning of September, and remains in perfection till the end of October. This is an excellent autumnal fruit, bearing well, and having a firm highflavoured flesh, resembling in quality that of the Newtown Pippin. It derives its name from Worpsley Grange, a country seat where Mr. Knight formerly resided. The first account of it is to be found in the Horticultural Transactions, communicated by Mr. Knight, in March, 1811.
44. WYKEN PIPPIN. Loud. Gard. Mag.
Fruit rather below the middle size, round, somewhat flattened both at the base and the crown, about two inches deep, and two inches and a half in diameter. Eye rather small, open, naked, with but little of the remaining calyx, placed in a shallow, regularly formed basin. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Skin yellowish green, interspersed with several small grey specks, and a little tinged with pale dull brown on the sunny side. Flesh greenish yellow, firm, crisp. Juice sugary, with a little musky perfume. A very neat dessert apple from October to December. The original tree, a very old one, or the trunk of it, with a strong sucker from its root, was growing in May, 1827, at its native place, Wyken, two miles from Coventry. The seed, it is said, was planted by a Lord Craven, who brought it
from a fruit he had eaten on his travels from France to Holland. All the cottagers round Wyken have from two to twelve trees each of this apple in their gardens,
, and it is a great favourite throughout the whole county of Warwick.
45. Yellow INGESTRIE. Hort. Trans. Vol. i. p.227. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 482.
Fruit small, shaped much like the Old Golden Pippin. Eye very small, flat. Stalk half an inch, rather deeply inserted, just protruding beyond the base. Skin bright gold, with a few pearly specks imbedded. Flesh yellowish white, very tender and delicate. Juice plentiful, rich, and highly flavoured. A beautiful little dessert apple in October and November. Raised by Mr. Knight, of Downton Castle. See RED INGESTRIE, No. 38.
Sect. IV. - Autumnal. Conical, or oblong. 46. ALFRISTON. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 7.
Fruit large, oblong, broad towards the base, and narrowed to the crown, broadly and irregularly ribbed on its sides, one of the angles generally being considerably more swelled than the rest; about three inches and a half deep, and the same in diameter. Eye open, rather deeply sunk, in an uneven hollow surrounded by uneven plaits. Stalk short, deeply inserted in an irregularly deep cavity. Skin pale green, becoming yellow, tinged with orange where exposed to the sun, slightly marked with thin russet. Flesh yellowish white, very crisp and tender. Juice plentiful, saccharine, combined with a smart brisk acid. A
very fine and excellent culinary apple in October and till Christmas.
Described from a very fine specimen grown in the Horticultural Society's Garden, at Chiswick, in 1830. This has sometimes been called the Newtown Pippin, but from which it differs very materially.