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green, and yellow; and they have long, red, flattish petioles.

It requires a vinery.

In warm seasons it would ripen on a south wall, upon a dry bottom.

40. WORTLEY Hall GRAPE. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 516.

Bunches in general appearance like those of the Black Hamburgh. They are well shouldered and tapering, and the berries regularly distributed. Berries large, rather oval than round, somewhat broadest at the head, with an irregular surface. Skin very glossy, dark purple. Flesh thick, but juicy, sweet, and pleasant; with a very slight Muscat flavour. Seeds large, but rarely more than one in each berry.

It requires a hothouse.

This grape sprang up from seed, in the stove at Wortley Hall, in Yorkshire, and first bore fruit in 1819, when it was exhibited at the Horticultural Society : the bunch weighed two pounds.

Sect. III.-White or Yellow Fruited.

41. ALEXANDRIAN Ciotat. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p. 3. t. 1.

Bunches large and long, with narrow shoulders. Berries oval, a little broader at the head than next the stalk, and they sit rather thin upon the bunches. Skin pale yellow on the shaded part; but where exposed to the sun, of an amber colour, and covered with numerous brown russetty dots. Flesh firm, like the Muscat of Alexandria, but not with its perfume: the Juice is, however, good; and it is a great bearer.

It requires a vinery.


Raised some years ago by John Williams, Esq. in his garden at Pitmaston, near Worcester.

42. BOURDELAS. Duhamel, No. 13.
Bourdelais. 16.
Burdelais. Miller, No. 10.

Bunches very large, weighing sometimes five or six pounds. Berries large, of an oval figure, growing very close upon the bunch, and containing generally four seeds. Skin nearly white, approaching to yellow as the berries become ripe. The Flesh is hard and the Juice, unless well ripened, too austere to be palatable.

It would require a hothouse to bring this to perfection; but its merits are not sufficient to deserve its being cultivated in this country.

The French have two other kinds of Bourdelas; one with red fruit, and the other black. In untoward seasons, they press them for verjuice.

43. CIOTAT. Speechly, No. 45.
Parsley-leaved. 10.
Ciotat. Duhamel, No. 5. t. 2.
Raisin d'Autriche. Ib.
Parsley-leaved Muscadine. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 39.

Bunches nearly the size of the White Muscadine. Berries round, white, of a middling size, with a thin Skin, and a delicate juicy Flesh, which is very sweet, but not highly flavoured. The leaves are finely divided, wholly different from any other sort.

It will ripen pretty well on a south wall, in a warm season ; but the bunches are larger, and the berries much better flavoured, in the vinery.

Miller says it was originally brought from Canada, where it grows wild in the woods.

This is probably a mistake, which may have arisen from Cornutus having inserted it in his work. It was cultivated here by John Tradescant, jun., in 1656.

44. Cornichon. Speechly, No. 50. Cornichon Blanc. Duhamel, 12. t. 6.

Bunches rather small, and very loosely formed. Berries an inch and a half long, their breadth not half an inch. They taper from the stalk, are enlarged singularly in the middle, and end in an obtuse point"; their shape may be compared to the small end of a fish's bladder : they are white, with a thick skin, and a firm sweet flesh.

It requires a hothouse.
It has nothing to recommend it but its long keeping.

The French have also a Blue or Violet Cornichon, but it has not yet been introduced into this country,

45. GENUINE Tokay. Speechly, No. 22. White Morillon. Ib. No. 36.

Bunches of a moderate size, rather larger than those of the Blue 'Tokay. Berries white, of an oval figure, and grow rather close upon the bunches. Skin thin. Flesh very delicate Juice rich and abundant.

The leaves are covered on their under side with a fine soft down, having the appearance of satin.

It will ripen pretty well in some seasons against a warm south wall ; but it ought to be planted in the vinery. Mr. Speechly says it was sent from Hungary, some years ago, to his grace the Duke of Portland. It is highly probable that this furnishes the delicious and incomparable Tokay wine:

46. Greek GRAPE. Speechly, No. 47. Green Chee. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 71.

Bunches of a moderate size, and handsome. Berries middle-sized, of a somewhat oval figure, and grow pretty close upon the bunches. Skin of a bluish white colour. Flesh delicate, with a rich and well-flavoured juice. The leaves grow on short footstalks, and very much resemble those of the White Sweetwater.

It requires a hot-house or a vinery.

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Mr. Speechly says this is a justly esteemed fruit. It is grown in the counties of Durham and Northumberland under the name of Green Chee.

47. MALMSEY MUSCADINE. Speechly, No. 30. Malvoisée Musquée. Bradley, No. 15.

This somewhat resembles the White Muscadine, but the bunches and berries are rather smaller, and the juice of a higher flavour, being remarkably sweet.

It requires a vinery.

Bradley says it is one of the richest musked grapes, comes from Montserrat, and grows also plentifully about Turin.

48. PITMASTON WHITE CLUSTER. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 249. t. 8.

Bunches larger than those of the Black Cluster, compact, and shouldered. Berries round, a little flattened at the head. Skin, when perfectly ripe, of an amber colour, bronzed with russet on the side next the

Flesh tender, with an agreeable juice. It ripens, on a south wall, earlier than the Sweetwater.

It was raised about twenty years ago by John Williams, Esq., of Pitmaston, near Worcester, from a seed of the small Black Cluster.

49. Royal MUSCADINE. Miller, No. 4. Speechly, No. 29.

D'Arboyce. Ib.
White Muscadine. Parkinson, No. 3.

Bunches large, with middling-sized shoulders. Berries of a moderate size, round, white, when ripe turning to an amber colour, having a thin skin, a soft flesh, and a rich vinous juice.

It requires a vinery, or a stove.

This is readily distinguished from the White Muscadine of Miller and Speechly, by the wood and foliage growing remarkably gross and strong. That it is the White Muscadine of Parkinson there can be but little doubt, as he describes it as growing to a much larger




but lice




Hatfall the

size than the other was ever known to attain : he says
some of the bunches have weighed six pounds, and some
of the berries half an ounce.

It would be very desirable to come to some clear un-
derstanding in regard to the application of the names
Royal Muscadine and White Muscadine. These names
have been used by Miller and Speechly, and, having
been applied by them alike, I am reluctant to discon-
tinue either the one or the other, feeling satisfied that
the substitution of others for those already established
under such authority would increase, rather than dimi-
nish, the already too much confused nomenclature of
our fruits. Under this impression I have continued the
name of Royal Muscadine here, and shall notice its mis-
application when speaking of the White Muscadine.

50. SYRIAN. Speechly, No. 32.

The Bunches of this grape are very regularly formed, with shoulders nearly as broad as the bunch is long : they are also larger than those of any other sort at present known. Berries large, of an oval figure. Skin white. Flesh firm and hard, and, if well ripened, of a pretty good flavour. The wood is very strong, and the leaves large. It is an excellent bearer, and the bunches when ripe may be left many weeks longer than almost any other sort.

It requires a hot-house to ripen it well.

A bunch of this sort was grown to a most enormous size in 1781, at Welbeck, by Mr. Speechly. It measured nineteen inches and a half across the shoulders, its length was twenty-one inches and three quarters, its circumference four feet and a half, and it weighed nineteen pounds and a half. The Syrian Grape is supposed to be the sort mentioned in Numbers, xiii, 23.

51. VERDELHO. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 106. t. 8.

Bunches loose, rather small, inclined to shoulder. Berries oval, small, having numerous very small ones, without seeds, interspersed; of a greenish yellow, but

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