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of the bunches, which he has sent to Mr. Beckford, have been pronounced superior, as an out-door grape, to any he has tasted out of Italy. A basket, containing a few bunches, was sent by Mr. Langford to Mrs. Mackie, of Norwich, on the 8th of November, 1830, from which this description is taken, and from whom plants may be obtained. This grape was observed a few years ago by a friend of mine, in passing through Wilton, in consequence of the crop, which was abundant, being at that time nearly ripe, although other out-door grapes had not begun to change their colour.
27. LE Cour. Speechly, No. 6. Morocco. 16.
Bunches short, with small stiff shoulders. Berries somewhat heart-shaped, of a tawny grizzly colour: they are very unequal in size, some being exceedingly large; these never contain more than one stone in each, and the lesser ones have none : their stalks are short, and singularly large. Juice rich and musky.
This is a late grape, and requires a hothouse. The small berries are generally ripe and decayed before the large ones are matured, which often renders the bunches unsightly. Mr. Speechly says it is a much esteemed grape, and very scarce. I do not find it mentioned by any other author.
28. LOMBARDY. Speechly, No. 23.
Bunches very large, frequently weighing six or seven pounds; they generally terminate abruptly, but they are always handsomely formed, with proportionate shoulders. Berries large, of a somewhat oval figure. Skin of a pale red or flame colour. Flesh firm, with a pretty well flavoured Juice.
Requires a hothouse.
29. Poonan. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p.516.
Bunches large and well shouldered, tapering gradually to a point. Berries slightly oval, dark red when fully exposed to the sun, but pale when shaded, fleshy, with seldom more than two seeds in each : sweet, but not very juicy.
This is a late sort, and requires as high a temperature to ripen it as the Muscat of Alexandria : it will then keep a long time. It makes vigorous wood, and is a free bearer. Introduced by Sir Joseph Banks, in 1817, from Bombay. It is cultivated successfully at Poonah, and the ripe fruit regularly sent thence to Bombay and its dependencies.
30. PURPLE FRONTIGNAN.
Bunches very long. Berries of a middling size, round, of a black or deep purple colour. Juice very rich, and of a very high flavour:
Requires a hothouse, or a warm vinery.
This was received by Mr. Speechly from the Cape of Good Hope, under the name of Black Constantia : he says it is one of our very best grapes. 31. RAISIN DES CARMES. Forsyth, Ed. 7. p. 27. Raisin de Cuba. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 10.
Bunches long, loose. Berries very large, of an irregular oval figure, with a few small berries intermixed. Skin rather thick, of a dusky reddish purple colour, and covered with a fine bloom. Flesh firm, juicy, and very rich, combined with a little acid. Seeds large, seldom more than one in each berry.
Requires a hothouse or vinery.
The Berries of this are something larger than those of the Black Muscadine, and grow much thinner
upon the bunches : they are of a dark red colour when highly ripened. Juice sweet, and of a very good flavour.
Requires a vinery.
Bunches larger than those of the Black Frontignan, and without shoulders. Berries larger also, perfectly round, and of a dark red colour. Flesh delicate and tender. Juice plentiful, of a most rich, musky, vinous flavour.
It requires a hothouse, and is one of our very best grapes.
34. RED GRAPE FROM SYRACUSE. Speechly, No.5.
The Berries of this are very large, of a red colour, and of an oval shape, somewhat irregularly formed. They hang rather loosely upon the Bunches, which are pretty large. The Skin is thick, and the Flesh hard.
It requires a hothouse.
Mr. Speechly says it is a noble grape, and but little known in this country. It makes strong wood, and is a most excellent bearer.
35. RED HAMBURGH. Speechly, No. 19.
The Berries of this are of a dark red or purple colour, with thin Skin, and a juicy delicate Flesh. The size and figure of both the bunch and the berry are very much like the Black Hamburgh, except the latter being less oval, and growing more loosely on the bunches.
When the berries of the Red Hamburgh are imperfectly ripened, they are of a pale brown colour, which occasions it to be called the Brown Hamburgh ; but if
perfectly matured, it is by many considered to be the richest and best flavoured of the two.
The leaves of this in the autumn become mottled with green, purple, and yellow : those of the Black Hamburgh are mottled with green and yellow only: they were both brought into this country by Mr. Warner, of Rotherhithe.
The oldest vine of this kind known in England is that at Valentine's House, near Ilford, in Essex.
Mr. Gilpin, in his Forest Scenery, Vol. i. p. 153., says it was planted a cutting in 1758, and is the parent of the well known Hamburgh vine now growing at Hampton Court.
86. Red MUSCADEL. Speechly, No. 9.
The Berries of this are large, oval, and of a beautiful red colour, having the rudiments of the style adhering to their ends; the Skin is thick and the Flesh hard, something like the Raisin Grape. The Bunches frequently arrive at the weight of six or seven pounds, and are most elegantly formed of berries of an equal size. The leaves change in autumn to a beautiful red and
It is one of our latest grapes, and requires a hothouse.
Bunches pretty large, and shouldered. Berries rather large, of an oval shape. Skin thick, of a red colour. Flesh very firm, with a saccharine, high-flavoured, musky Juice.
It requires a hothouse.
Bradley says it requires a good deal of sun to bring it to perfection, but it is then one of our best grapes. It is more esteemed about Paris than the White Muscat. When against good walls, it ripens very well, without any artificial heat.
38. SAINT AUGUSTIN GRAPE. G. Lind. Cat. 1815.
Bunches pretty large, with moderately sized shoulders. Berries of an unequal size and form : the large ones are oval, obtuse at the head, and contain three or four seeds each ; the middle-sized are round, and contain one or two seeds; the small ones are round also, and are without seeds. Skin rather thick, deep red or purple, covered with a blue bloom. Flesh firm, with a sweet and rather musky Juice.
It requires a vinery, or perhaps a stove.
In the autumn of 1794, I observed a vine growing against the south side of a house, in the parish of Saint Augustin, near the gates, in Norwich. A few of the bunches were then pretty ripe, and some of the largest berries measured three inches and three quarters in circumference. This tree, which is the original one in this country, was imported from Spain about fifty years ago, by a Mr. Lindoe, a manufacturer, of that city, and planted against the house of Benjamin Cogman, which is now (1830) inhabited by his son, and where the tree is still growing. I have not yet seen this fine grape under glass; but I expect ere long to give some account of its merits, when grown under a higher temperature.
89. VARIEGATED CHASSELAS. Hort. Trans. Vol. i. p. 259. t. 16.
Bunches rather long, without shoulders. Berries rather small, of a round figure, hanging loose upon the bunches. Skin very thin, of a bluish violet, where shaded; but where exposed, of a deep purple. Flesh tender, with a very saccharine Juice, and of a pretty good Alavour.
It has ripened at Downton Castle, where it was raised, and an account of it sent to the Horticultural Society, Feb. 4. 1812. It sprang from a seed of the White Chasselas, impregnated with the pollen of the Aleppo : the leaves are variegated in the autumn with red,