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I find no such name as Quarenden in the county. It is common in Somersetshire and Gloucestershire, where it is very much and very justly esteemed.

9. SPRING GROVE CODLIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. i. p.197. t.11.

Fruit of the usual codlin shape, about three inches in diameter at the base, and two inches and three quarters deep, slightly angular on its sides, and tapering to a narrow crown. Eye closed by broad, short segmentù of the calyx, slightly sunk in a narrow, oblique, plaited hollow. Stalk rather short, not protruding beyond the base. Skin pale greenish yellow, tinged with orange on the sunny side. Flesh greenish yellow, tender. Juice saccharine, with a mixture of acid, and a very slight perfume. It is ready for tarts in July, and will keep till October or November.

The Spring Grove Codlin was first brought into notice by Sir Joseph Banks, in a communication to the Horticultural Society of London, read April 3. 1810.

10. SUMMER GOLDEN PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 393. Pom. Mag. t. 50.

Fruit small, roundish-oblong, flattened at both ends. Eye in a wide, shallow, even hollow. Stalk short, inserted in a middle-sized cavity. Skin very smooth and shining; on the side next the sun bright yellow, tinged a little with orange, which gradually fades away on the shaded side into a pale lemon colour, and marked throughout with pale scattered dots. Flesh whitish, firm, very juicy, sweet and agreeable, without perfume.

Ripe the end of August, and will keep ten days or a fortnight.

A very beautiful and excellent little dessert apple.

11. WHITE ASTRACAN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 23. Pom. Mag. t. 96.

Glace de Zélande. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 366., and of foreign gardens, according to the Pom. Mag.

Transparent de Moscovie. Ib. according to the Pom. Mag. and the Hort. Cat. Pyrus Astracanica, De Cand. Prod. Vol. ii.


635. Fruit middle-sized, roundish, angular on the sides, and ribbed at the apex. Eye depressed in a small hollow. Stalk thick, and very short. Skin smooth, with a few faint streaks of red on the sunny side, and covered with a white bloom.

Flesh snow-white, often transparent in part, tender, juicy, crisp, very pleasant and delicate.

Ripe in August, and will keep good for only a few days. It is a hardy tree, and a very good bearer. It has been introduced from Russia, where it is said to grow wild about Astracan, and was first brought into notice by William Atkinson, Esq. of Grove End, Paddington.

SECT. II. - Summer. Conical or oblong. 12. DOCTOR HELSHAM's PIPPIN. G. Lind. Cat.

Doctor 1815.

Fruit middle-sized, more long than broad, eight or nine inches in circumference, a little angular on the sides. Eye small, in a rather wide and oblique basin. Stalk half an inch long, deeply inserted.

Skin yellowish green, with several reddish spots; on the sunny side of a fine clear red. Flesh white. Juice sweet, with a slight aromatic flavour.

Ripe in August and beginning of September.

The branches of this tree droop in the manner of a Jargonelle Pear.

It is an abundant bearer, and deserves cultivation.

The original tree, which is a large one, was raised by the late Dr. Helsham, and is now growing in the garden of Mr. Etheredge, of Stoke Ferry, in Norfolk.

13. Early Red MARGARET. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 588. Pom. Mag. t. 46.

Margaret Apple. Langley. Pom. Lond. t. 74. f. 1.
Red Juneating. According to Hort. Soc. Cat.
Early Striped ditto.

No. 588.
Early Red Juneating. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 504.

Eve Apple. Of the Irish Gardens, according to the Hort. Soc. Cat.

Margaretha Apfel. Of the Germans, according Rother Jacob's Apfel. to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit below the middle size, roundish oblong, rather angular, tapering a little to the crown. Eye contracted, plaited. Stalk short, thick.

Skin greenish yellow, richly and closely streaked with deep red. Flesh white, juicy, breaking, sub-acid, very rich and agreeable, without any perfume or spicy flavour.

Ripe the beginning and middle of August.
A very good early apple, but soon grows mealy.
Calville d'Eté. Duhamel 1. t. 1.
Calville Rouge d'Eté. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 131.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat cordate or conical, having alternately large and small angles terminating in the crown, which is narrow and pointed : about one inch and three quarters in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye narrow, prominent, surrounded by large plaits. Stalk half an inch, rather stout, inserted in a regular and rather deep cavity. Skin pale red, but of a deep colour, and shaded with deeper streaks on the sunny side. Flesh white, slightly tinged with red next the core. Juice not plentiful, but pretty well flavoured.

Ripe in August and September.

The French gardeners pretend to distinguish all their Calvilles, when cut transversely, by a regular five-angled cavity at the core.

15. REVELSTONE PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv,

p. 522.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat angular on the sides,

the angular protuberances uniting round the eye in large knobs.

Stalk short and thick, inserted in a very regular cavity. Skin greenish yellow, thickly sprinkled with yellow russetty spots, and nearly covered with a bright red. Flesh yellow, firm. Juice not plentiful, but sweet, and of a very good flavour.

Ripe the end of August and beginning of September, and will not keep long.

This is one of the sorts usually planted against walls in the Carse of Gowrie. In this country it does well as an open standard, and is an abundant bearer. Its fruit was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, London, in 1820.

16. SUGAR-LOAF Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.1078. Pom. Mag. t. 3.

Dolgoi Squoznoi. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 254., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit ovate or oblong, generally tapering to the eye, which is much hollowed, with a few slight plaits. Stalk about an inch long, inserted in a deep, regular cavity. Skin a very clear light yellow, with a few greenish dots ; yellow on the sumny side, and becoming nearly white when fully ripe. Flesh whitish, firm, crisp, very juicy, with a most agreeable, lively, sweetish sub-acid flavour.

An excellent summer apple, ripe the beginning of August, but if kept above a week or ten days it becomes soft and mealy.

This appears to be of Russian origin, having been sent from the Taurida Gardens, at St. Petersburgh, to the Horticultural Society, London, under the name of Dolgoi Squoznoi, two Russian words signifying dolgoi, long, and squoznoi, transparent.

Sect. III. - Autumnal. Round, or nearly so.


Hort. Trans. Vol. v.

p. 400.

Fruit about the middle size, resembling a large and well formed Nonesuch, but rather less flattened. Stalk slender and deeply inserted. Skin pale yellow, beautifully variegated with broken stripes of red. Flesh crisp, very juicy, with a high flavoured acidity. It does not keep late, but is a most valuable apple for the kitchen while it lasts.

Raised by the Rev. Dr. Symonds Breedon, in his garden at Bere Court, near Pangbourne, in Berkshire, and exhibited at the Horticultural Society, London, October 15, 1822.

18. CALVILLE ROUGE de Micoud. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 242.

Fruit of the first crop, depressed, spherical, nearly three inches in diameter, and about two inches deep; three, or more frequently four slight ridges divide it lengthways, and give it a somewhat square outline. Stalk moderately thick, rather long, placed in a funnelshaped cavity. Eye placed in the bottom of a hollow, scooped out like a funnel, and larger than that in which the stalk is placed, the divisions of the calyx remaining in part when the fruit is ripe. Skin of a very deep, dull red on the side next the sun, but less intense on the shaded side, where it is streaked by a few lines, and spots of a pale red. It is tough, adhering firmly to the fesh, of an austere taste. Flesh yellowish white, fine, breaking with a crystalline appearance, juicy. Juice sweetish acid, and agreeably perfumed.

Its maturity commences about the middle of July, and continues, with little interruption, till November. . The fruit of April-flowering ripen mostly in August, and are usually eaten during harvest. Those of the second flowering succeed the first, and may be brought to table till the end of October ; they are quite as good as the first, but are not bigger than a hen's egg.

The fruit of the latter flowerings are not bigger than a Pomme

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